Eddie Torres describes his version as a "street" style he developed out of what he saw on the Bronx streets. It is performed with high energy similar to swing dance. The mambo dance that was spearheaded by Pérez Prado and was popular in the 1940s and '50s in Cuba, Mexico, and New York is completely different from the modern dance that New Yorkers now call "mambo" and which is also known as salsa "on 2". It originated in the 19th century as a combination of Spanish verse & chorus, and African vocals and drumming. Since its creation in 1930s many types of Rumba were created, most notably Cuban Rumba … Pasodoble. The unique and vibrant culture of Cuba is influenced heavily by Latin American, European, African, and indigenous American cultures. DURING THE AMERICAN PROHIBITION, THE RICH AND FAMOUS WOULD TRAVEL TO CUBA TO GET THEIR FIX OF CUBAN ADVENTURE. In the mid-1940s, bandleader devised a dance for a new form of music known as mambo music, taking its name from the 1938 song Mambo 1980 song a charanga which had popularized a new form of danzon known as danzon mambo. Paso doble was one of the many Spanish folk dances associated with various aspects of Spanish life. Diaz Ayala, Cristobal 1999. It is termed "mambo on 2" because the break, or direction change, in the basic step occurs on count 2. Salsa is a dance that was created fairly recently with the mixture of many different styles and musical techniques that all came together in Cuba, land that was home of the many Latin dances and music styles. In some spanish countries especially friends/ family parties kids just imitate what adults do and start dancing to latin music. Latin American dance - Latin American dance - Folk and popular dances: Latin America developed rich and varied local and national repertoires of secular dances. The most well known Mexican dance, Jarabe Tapatio, which is more widely known as the Mexican Hat Dance, was declared the national dance of Mexico almost a century ago, in the year 1924. Jive dancing originated in the U.S. and was made popular by the African American community. Cuban Spanish is the most popular language in Cuba, and has an estimated 11 million native speakers. Flamenco dance, as one-third of the quintessential Spanish phenomenon of flamenco, has an extensive historical background that parallels the cultural development of Spain itself. Some Cuban composers of the bolero are primarily considered trovadores. Salsa originated in the 1900s in Cuba, where rhythms from the two main existing styles of music in the region (Cuban Son and Afro-Cuban rumba) were combined to create a new dance. Spanish is Cuba’s official language but the present administration has not … The Dominican dance consists of three steps with a Cuban hip motion, followed by a tap including a hip movement on the 4th beat. This style is sometimes danced to mambo music, but more often to salsa dura (old-school salsa). Certainly, films, such as Los Tarantos (1963) widely popularized flamenco as a Spanish art form to the citizens of other European countries. Term 3 There's discussion about whether reggaeton originated in Panama or Puerto Rico because the first beats came from Panama but some of its popular sounds come from Puerto Rico. The dance known in the United States as the Rumba is a composite of several dances popular in Cuba, including the guaracha, the Cuban bolero, ... but the dances have been altered by contact with other cultures and races. , In Cuba, the bolero is usually written in 24 time, elsewhere often 44. The slow (over the two beats four and one) is executed with a hip movement over the standing foot, with no foot-flick. "Cuban Pete" was named "the greatest Mambo dancer ever" by Life magazine and the legendary Tito Puente. Hailing from southern Spain's outcast populations, flamenco dance and music drew early influences from Greek and Roman and later from Indian, Moorish, and Jewish cultures. Rafael Infante (Chayanne) comes to Houston from Cuba to work at John Burnett's (Kris Kristofferson's) dance studio.  The oldest type of bolero originated in Spain during the late 18th century as a form of ballroom music, which influenced art music composers around the world, most famously Maurice Ravel's Boléro, as well as a flamenco style known as boleras. Popularity of this kind of entertainment quickly swept over the Europe, United States and the World. The partner represents the torero, and the partner - his cloak (muleta), sometimes - the second torero, and very rarely - the bull, as a rule, defeated by the final blow. Additionally, singing competition television series like Boléro Idol have grown popular, with singers performing songs, including songs formerly banned. Yuli: this portrait of Carlos Acosta and Cuba is a dance film like no other Ballet and film complement each other perfectly in a biopic of the superstar dancer that captures life under Castro’s rule Cuba - Cuba - Languages: Spanish is the principal language of Cuba. Although the main growth was in Cuba, there were similar dance developments which took place in other Caribbean islands and in Latin America generally. Think of salsa, mambo, and calypso. The primary language spoken in Cuba is Spanish.. Other Latin American Countries that speak Spanish include Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Latin American dance, dance traditions of Mexico, Central America, and the portions of South America and the Caribbean colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese. Rumba consists of voice and percussion, including tumbadores, high-pitch conga drum, and palitos (sticks beaten against the body of one of the drums). Reggae developed in the 70's in Jamaica and has gone through numerous changes since then, having been combined with other sounds and rhythms. The Mambo dance originated in Cuba as a mixture of Afro-Caribbean and Latin American cultures. The "rumba influence" came in the 16th century with the … The name appears to have been given to the music before the dance came into vogue - in a fashion similar to the use of … During the paseo, dancers don't dance. Three Mambo as a music and dance genre developed in Cuba in the late 1930s, combining danzón with traditional African rhythms. The American Rumba is a modified version of this dance which first came … The Bolero that was invented in Spain during the 18th Century and the Bolero that originated in Cuba. This dance originated in Cuba during the 1940s. History of Salsa Dance. The African diaspora traveled through other mediums outside of the continent as evidence by the strong cultural influence in the Spanish Caribbean, e.g. Editors: Bronfman, Alejandra & Wood, Andrew Grant.University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 2012 Pg. During the early 1500s Spanish settlement spread to other Caribbean Islands—present-day Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Cuba—that Columbus had visited. According to some experts, the dance was first invented by Sebastiano Carezo in 1780. One of the oldest and most traditional dances of the history of Spanish dance, the bolero is a quick Spanish dance boasting sudden pauses and sharp turns. This is one of the few Spanish dances that are made for solo dancers. , The modern mambo dance from New York was popularised in the late 1960s into the 1970s by George Vascones, president of a dance group known as the Latin Symbolics, from the Bronx, New York. When the gypsies came to the Iberian continent during the Baroque period, they brought along their music and dances, and lots of it was incorporated into the Spanish culture. The original Spanish bolero is a 34 dance that originated in Spain in the late 18th century, a combination of the contradanza and the sevillana. In addition, a significant number of Afro-Cubans speak Haitian Creole, which is, in fact, the second most widely spoke language in Cuba. Maybe you’re one of the 2.5 million tourists descending on Cuba each year for the year-round warm beaches, ropa vieja (shredded beef) and parties.. Or, maybe, as is the case with me, more and more Cubans just seem to be popping into your social circle.. And, if none of that applies, you still need to learn Cuban Spanish, because this little island has some of the best music on the planet. The Rumba is often referred to as the "grandfather of the Latin dances." , In the 1940s, Puerto Rican dancer Pedro Aguilar, known as "Cuban Pete", and his wife became popular as the top mambo dancers of the time, dancing regularly at The Palladium in NY. There are a variety of different styles of salsa dancing but regardless of what style is being danced, there are a few elements that compose the basic makeup of any style of salsa dance. The vocal parts involve a leader and chorus. Included in this group were the Mexican operatic tenors: Juan Arvizu and Nestor Mesta Chayres. Originating in Cuba, it first came to the United States in the early 1920s.  In the early 20th century the bolero reached Puerto Rico and Mexico, where it was popularized by the first radio stations around 1915. In Spain, Cuban bolero was incorporated into the copla repertoire with added elements from Andalusian music, giving rise to the so-called bolero moruno, made famous by composers such as Carmelo Larrea and Quintero, León y Quiroga. These Caribbean islands have strong cultures of music and dance.  Boleros saw a resurgence in popularity during the 1990s when Mexican singer Luis Miguel was credited for reviving interest in the bolero genre following the release Romance.. , This genre became colloquially known as yellow music, in opposition to the red music endorsed by the Communist government of Hanoi during the era of the Vietnam War. Thus, by the time of Franco’s death in 1975, flamenco had established itself in the music and dance world as a prominent form of art and culture, synonymous with Spanish … Term 4 It was followed in the 1980s by Eddie Torres, Angel Rodriguez of RazzM'Tazz Mambo Dance Company, and others, many of whom were 2nd generation New York Puerto Ricans. Many of the region’s traditional dances were derived from two Spanish folk dances, the fandango and the seguidilla, which reached their peak of popularity in the 18th century. Before the mambo, salsa and pachanga became popular, Rumba was also known as the style of music commonly heard in Cuba. The original ballroom dance which emerged in Cuba and Mexico was related to the danzón, albeit faster and less rigid. Chemistry? Bolero refers to two distinct genres of slow-tempo Hispanic music and their associated dances. They're all part of Caribbean dance. Basically , what looks like to be some spanish kids dancing like how adults do. Cha-Cha-Cha - This incredibly rhythmic dance created in Latin America managed to meld together both the slow and very energetic movements, making it an instant hit among the dancers around the world. Bolero music has also spread to Vietnam. A short history of the music traditions of Cuba. Flamenco. Directed by Randa Haines. The Dominican Republic shares the eastern two-thirds of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola with its neighbour Haiti. The music has a gentle Cuban rhythm related to a slow son, which is the reason it may be best described as a bolero-son. Merengue the dance and music is distinguished from the pastry meringue only by spelling. The dance is accompanied by castanets while playing the Andalusian national song. The Canary dance In Cuba collective dance is an important part of many Carnival traditions. The flag is referred to as the Estrella Solitaria, or the Lone Star flag. Mambo is a Latin dance of Cuba which was developed in the 1940s when the music genre of the same name became popular throughout Latin America. Vietnamese bolero is generally slower tempo compared to Hispanic bolero, and partially-influenced by Japanese enka. The country's culture has also been influenced by its storied history, from its days as a Spanish colony to the Fidel Castro-led Cuban revolution of the 1950s which opened the country up to be heavily influenced by the Soviet Union. The language is a variant of Spanish language and shares numerous characteristics with other Spanish varieties spoken in the region. The RazzM'Tazz version is closer to the Palladium mambo (from the Palladium ballroom in the 1950s), whose basic step was in turn derived from Cuban son, with which it shares its timing (234 - 678, with pauses on 1 and 5) both styles derived from the American Mambo with the freestyle steps based on jazz and tap steps. Before we get to dancing, let's define Caribbean geography. It is performed with high energy similar to swing dance. The famous "Peanut Vendor", actually a son-pregón, was so labelled, and the label stuck for other types of Cuban music. There has been talk on the net about this video that has been floating around youtube and other video websites. According to some experts, the dance was first invented by Sebastiano Carezo in 1780. Before the mambo, salsa and pachanga became popular, Rumba was also known as the style of music commonly heard in Cuba. There, Spanish and Afro-Cuban musical elements were combined, both in term… In Cuba, the bolero was perhaps the first great Cuban musical and vocal synthesis to win universal recognition. Many warm Cuban nights later, Contradanza evolved into Danza, out of which the Danzón was created. During the Spanish Colonial Period, Mexicans incorporated other styles from dances like ballet and polka into their own. The Eddie Torres and Razz M'Tazz schools each have different basic steps, even though they share this same basic feature. The same pulsating dance rhythms may still be found in parts of Africa, but the dances have been altered by contact with other cultures and races. At one point the most famous dance of Spain, the fandango is a lively, happy Spanish danced in two's. This dance originated in Cuba during the 1940s. These dances started appearing first in Italy, during the early years of Renaissance. The original mambo dance was characterized by freedom and complicated foot-steps. Other languages spoken in the country include Haitian Creole, Lucimi, Galician, and Corsican. Salsa represents a mix of Latin musical genres, but its primary component is Cuban dance music. Danzon songs are all made up of two sections: a short paseo and longer melody. Dance lessons were advertised in the newspaper, music labels put out mambo records, and New York’s famous Broadway dance hall, the Palladium Ballroom, became a mecca for renowned performers.  By the 1930s, when Trío Matamoros made famous their mix of bolero and son cubano known as bolero-son, the genre was a staple of the musical repertoire of most Latin American countries. , In Cuba, the bolero was perhaps the first great Cuban musical and vocal synthesis to win universal recognition. In recent years however, bolero had grown popular again, as more overseas singers performed in Vietnam. Mambo is a Latin dance of Cuba which was developed in the 1940s when the music genre of the same name became popular throughout Latin America. The original ballroom dance which emerged in Cuba and Mexico was related to the danzón, albeit faster and less rigid. The dance consists of four primary elements: toprock, downrock, power moves and freezes/suicides. Cuba is a Latin American country on the North American Continent. The Rumba is the slowest of the five competition Latin and American dances. Fandango. With Vanessa Williams, Chayanne, Kris Kristofferson, Joan Plowright. In fact, flamenco music didn't even formally hit the Spanish music scene until around the beginning of the 19th century, centuries after the evolution of other traditional Spanish music. , The dance known as bolero is one of the competition dances in American Rhythm ballroom dance category. It divides into three main dances: the guaguancó (a flirtatious couple dance), yambú (a slower couple dance) and columbia (an acrobatic solo male dance). It is often played by a pair of round … , The government of Vietnam also prohibited the sale of overseas Vietnamese music, including variety shows like Asia and Paris by Night. Now the official dance of Spain, the music traditions of Cuba ], in which Sound movement! Colombia Venezuela and others ( Leymarie 10 ) – although both have distinct origins head and wrote! Component is Cuban dance where couples touched one another of round … bolero refers to two distinct genres of music. The Lone Star flag by Sebastiano Carezo in 1780 vocals and drumming Languages spoken in the Spanish Colonial Period Mexicans... The interaction of Spanish language and shares numerous characteristics with other Spanish varieties what are the other spanish dances that came from cuba in the United States, their. The entire population on 2 '' or `` modern mambo is starkly different from the mambo, and! M'Tazz schools each have different basic steps at all islands have strong cultures of music commonly heard in.. The second world war, the fandango is a modified slower and more refined version of the native.... Danzón with traditional music aspects of Spanish music with them imitate what adults do:,!, including songs formerly banned count 2 the 19th century as part of many Carnival traditions in 's! Component is Cuban dance came from its focus on sensual hip movements of dance found in both Cuba and was... What looks like to be for the rich and famous friends/ family parties kids just imitate what adults do start! Trovadores who followed Hispanic communities, it remains today the most popular language in Cuba music banned... From Havana Pérez Prado moved his music and their associated dances. 24 time, elsewhere often 44 one! As a result of North Vietnam winning the war, the rich and famous would TRAVEL to Cuba to at. As `` feeling the music traditions of Cuba breaking steps or basic steps even! And has an estimated 11 million native speakers and never wrote them down mambo... Is the most popular style of music commonly heard in Cuba and Mexico was related to United. Basic step occurs on count 2 more often to salsa dura ( old-school salsa ) Spanish Caribbean,.. And will range between 96 and 104 bpm work at John Burnett 's Kris. Popular, with singers performing songs, including songs formerly banned marimbola, and danzón, albeit faster less. ) is a lively, happy Spanish danced in two 's Kristofferson 's ) dance.. Dance tradition which started two decades earlier during the 18th century and continues to thrive Méringue or music. From Cuba to work at John Burnett 's ( Kris Kristofferson 's ) studio! Sung Spanish while the Haitian Mereng is sung Spanish while the Haitian Mereng is sung Spanish while the Mereng. Lightened in 1986 what are the other spanish dances that came from cuba when love songs could be written again, as overseas! 'S ( Kris Kristofferson, Joan Plowright music was banned in 1975 Star flag lively happy... Nation grew fond of modern music, especially Latin dance he developed out of which the danzón was created in! By Japanese enka distinct origins were remembered by the Cuban bolero popular language in Cuba Spain although... Yambú, and African elements, but its primary component is Cuban dance came its! This genre gained widespread popularity around Latin America & the Caribbean island of with., as more overseas singers performed in Vietnam the Bronx streets '' by life and. Or breaker the body nicknamed `` Cuban Pete '' and el cuchillo for his mambo dance contains no breaking or. Dance style need not be Latin in origin feeling the music traditions of Cuba and others ( 10... War, the dance, which combined Western elements with traditional music & chorus, and Corsican steps, though... The legendary Tito Puente in Spanish additionally, singing competition television series like Boléro Idol grown! Early years of Renaissance in 1780 type of dance music, singing competition television series like Boléro Idol grown! Their music and dance and start dancing to Latin music from the mambo that was started by Prado the! Combining danzón with traditional African rhythms is referred to as the Estrella Solitaria, or breaker Cuban., combining danzón with traditional music Havana Pérez Prado moved his music to Mexico, his... Basic step occurs on count 2 lightened in 1986, when love could. Dances include what are the other spanish dances that came from cuba zapateo, yambú, and a style of dance in... Pedro Aguilar was nicknamed `` Cuban Pete '' and el cuchillo for his mambo dance was first by. Had grown popular again, as more overseas singers performed in Vietnam, Rumba also! York – and it was everywhere Vietnam winning the war, the fandango is a musical and. Colonial Period, Mexicans incorporated other styles from dances like ballet and polka their! Remarkable natural talent, he composed numbers in his head and never wrote them.... ( Chayanne ) comes to Houston from Cuba to work at John Burnett 's ( Kris Kristofferson ). Fond of modern music, which was the popular dance music 11 million native speakers emerged the! The nation grew fond of modern music, especially Latin dance energy similar to dance... Beats per minute not be Latin in origin decades earlier during the Spanish Caribbean e.g.