. Their relationship is first mentioned in Genesis 41:45. If so, both the captain of the guard and the high priest of Heliopolis bore the same name, but would not be the same person. Unfortunately, Josephs relationship is irrevocably damaged when Potiphars wife falsely accuses Joseph of trying to rape her, resulting in Josephs imprisonment. In Biblical Names the meaning of the name Potiphar is: Bull of Africa, a fat bull. First is that the time of Joseph is between 1900 and 1950 BC. When those around him see what has happened, they give him a mocking title with what sounds like a more feminine Hebrew ending, reflecting his newfound lack of male sexuality. Each of these views finds Scriptural support for its position: the three-wife opinion relies on Gen. 2022 - 2023 Times Mojo - All Rights Reserved What does it mean if a person is counter revolutionary? However, I will be Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love. NIV - Do Men Still Wear Button Holes At Weddings? Potiphar, an Egyptian who was one of Pharaoh's officials, the captain of the guard, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him there. Are cryptocurrencies, bitcoin, and bitpay the begining of one world government in the book of Revelation? However, you may visit "Cookie Settings" to provide a controlled consent. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The rent in his garment testifies Joseph's innocence. (Some people seem to think that Potiphera is the same man as Potiphar, but others think that they are completely different men with similar names. How did Jesus sit on the donkey and her offspring on one time in Matthew 21:5-8? He also gave him a wife, whose name was Asenath. His name means he whom Ra has given. Potiphar is the captain of Pharaoh's guard who is said to have purchased Joseph as a slave and, impressed by his intelligence, makes him the master of his household. Does the devil have power to make us sick? (biblical) An Egyptian and captain of the guard under Pharaoh. pharaoh, (from Egyptian per aa, great house), originally, the royal palace in ancient Egypt. "It seems possible that the process of translation triggers speculation about Aseneth that the original Hebrew did not" (Kraemer, When, p.314). ESV. Analysis of the marriage and ascendancy structure of Moses' family reveals the distinctive pattern of the Horite ruler-priest caste. Alice C. Linsley Sethite Hebrew priest of Nekheb on the Nile with authority over the palace. appears in the Judaeo-Christian Old Testament and in the Koran. What would be some verses from the Bible to save a marriage? Do you know any good scholars who specialise in the book of Judges? But Radak (Rabbi David Kimchi, Narbonne, France, ca. Does the devil have power to make us sick? This precise situation is described by the Babylonian Talmud, Sotah 13b: And Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, bought him [Joseph]. Man depicted close to them may be Potipherah. Clarify I do believe that Potifre refers to the office of a devotee of Re however. The first was a ha Alice C. Linsley Abraham, Moses , Samuel, and David were all Horite Hebrew as evidenced by the common marriage and ascendancy pattern Alice C. Linsley Sela was the capital of Edom. 39 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt, and l Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, m had bought him from the n Ishmaelites who had brought him down there. It is later mentioned in Genesis 41:50 that before the years of famine, Joseph had two sons with Asenath. When Joseph's sister Dinah was captured and raped, only two men are named as the abductors. They take this story out of context and use it as propaganda. After Joseph's brothers sell him to the Midianites, they take him down to Egypt. How did the spirit of God move upon the face of the waters in Genesis 1:2? 22 How much is barca in debt? For example, here is the verse at Genesis 39:1; 'As for Joseph, he was brought down to Egypt, and Potiphar, a court official of Pharao. That would mean that Asenath really was, according to blood, of the house of Jacob, even though the Scriptures say that she was daughter (adopted?) The Egyptian's wife endeavours to seduce Joseph but he was preserved from her enticements. Answer (1 of 7): This is an interesting question. Potiphar's wife, of course, is not to be confused with Potipherah's wife, one of the incorrect answers given. ( Ge 37:36; 39:4) Potiphar purchased Joseph from the traveling Midianite merchants and, observing what a good servant Joseph was . Answer and Explanation: Joseph has one wife, Asenath the daughter of Potiphar the priest of On, whom he marries in Egypt. One has already been given in Exod 2,21 which describes Moses marriage with Zipporah, the daughter of a priest of Midian, who bears him two sons, Gershom and Eliezer (Exod 2,22; 18,3). Genesis 41:50 And unto Joseph were born two sons before the year of famine came, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On, bare unto him. The 13 New Testament books written by Paul (the epistles) make no reference to him at all, nor does the Gospel of Mark, the first of the Gospels. Josephs dreams first get him into trouble, but his ability to understand them leads him to be chosen by the Pharaoh and to save the world. May 11 2016 Enter two words to compare and contrast their definitions, origins, and synonyms to better understand how those words are related. The Eastern Orthodox Church, which names Josephs first wife as Salome, holds that Joseph was a widower and betrothed to Mary, and that references to Jesus brothers were children of Joseph from a previous marriage. ), and Joseph (q.v.) According to the opinion that they are two different people the question is easily answered - the Torah says that Potiphera was the priest of . Potiphar . Please ensure your answer MEETS all our guidelines. Asenath was the daughter of POTI PHERA, the governor of On. When he was castrated in his body, and they recognized it, and they called him "Potiphera," he was ashamed about the matter and he left his ministry, and took himself to a house of idol worship, and he became a priest for idol worship, for thus was the custom of the honored ones [to be castrated]. However, we have to admit that we are speculating. According to one view, Abraham remarried after the death of Sarah and had a total of three wives: Sarah, Hagar, and Keturah. What was Potiphars wifes name in medieval times? One can almost imagine Pharaoh seeing Joseph as a critical economic minister he needs to keep happy to ensure his country's continuity. Rashi, citing Sotah 13b, says that Poti-phera is Potiphar. The sin of Azeez's wife becomes known in the city (Q12:30). There were two men in the tale with similar names Potiphar and Potiphera. According to the Jewish calendar, Joseph was purchased in the year 2216, which is 1544 BC, at the end of the Second Intermediate Period or very beginning of the New Kingdom. Genesis 37:36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard Who is potiphera in the In the Book of Jubilees, she is said to be given to Joseph to marry by Pharaoh, a daughter of Potiphar, a high priest of Heliopolis, with no clarification as to whether or not this Potiphar is the same Potiphar whose wife falsely accused Joseph of attempting to rape her. 10 weeks in the hospital. She is the subject of many verbs and they are unusual ones for a female biblical character. So Joseph went out over the land of Egypt. He was the father of Asenath, who was given to Joseph as his wife by Pharaoh, ( 41:45 . 'On' was another name for Heliopolis, which was the religious centre of Ra, the god representing the sun. Among many others, two mainstream commentators, Rashi and his grandson Rashbam (Rabbi Samuel ben Meir, France, 1080-1160) duke it out thus: Rashbam: Potiphera - According to the straightforward meaning, this is not Potiphar. I don't buy it. Potiphars titles, servant of Pharaoh and chief of the cooks, while not Egyptian in themselves, may well be Hebrew translations of two Egyptian titles. 30 Do you have to use flux when brazing aluminum? The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional". daughter? How Do You Get Rid Of Hiccups In 5 Seconds. Joseph was one of Jacobs 12 sons. May 07 2020 Joseph and Potiphar's Wife! The text isn't clear and the Rabbis don't agree. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Potiphera's wife is powerful in terms of class and ethnic status, less so as a married woman, but she is dependent on male complicity in the transgressive sex act. In this reading, Joseph is nothing but an object for whom Potiphar and his wife (now both predators) compete. How many wives did Joseph in the Bible have? Yet both the biblical text and the way the text is transmitted in traditional Judaism may suggest otherwise. The consent submitted will only be used for data processing originating from this website. Genesis 41:45 phar) [shortened form of Potiphera, he whom Ra gave]. His scholarship is impeccable. Name of an Egyptian officer. Potiphar, Pot'i-phar. She requested from Joseph to teach her the word of his God and that she and her husband would change to his God if Joseph did her wish. A good answer provides new insight and perspective. Potiphar is the captain of Pharaoh's guard who is said to . Once he accurately interprets these dreams he is well on the road to prosperity and self-sufficiency, as Pharaoh places him in charge of all of Egypt for the coming feast/famine cycle. She was Potiphera's daughter. However, there is nothing in the Hebrew which suggests that Potiphar was the same person as Potiphera. Potiphar later brings Joseph to Pharaoh, who is plagued by inexplicable dreams, and expresses deep regret for having Joseph put in prison, but Joseph understands and forgives Potiphar. Joseph is not the only one of our ancestors to engage in an exogamous marriage; indeed, this kind of union can be a successful way to bring people into our group. In the Book of Jubilees, she is said to be given to Joseph to marry by the Pharaoh, a daughter of Potiphar, a high priest of Heliopolis, with no clarification as to whether or not this Potiphar is the same Potiphar whose wife falsely accused Joseph of attempting to rape her. Where did the names Potiphar and Potiphera come from? Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. Josephs Egyptian wife. The positions of the two men were different and held different positions in the court of Pharaoh plus their names were spelt differently. When we last encountered our hero Joseph, he had been sold to traders from the pit his brothers threw him in, had been brought to Egypt as a slave, and had suffered greatly due to his supposedly salacious interactions with Potiphar's wife, all to end up moldering in an Egyptian jail. How can Jesus be both God and man at the same time? Retired Quality Assurance Specialist with the U.S. Army. 1070-945 BC), but quite possibly later . 77 years old when he fled to Haran 84 years old when he married 90 years old when Joseph was sold into slavery 130 years old when he moved to Egypt 147 years old when he died Was buried in the cave of Macpelah n Two major deceptions of Jacob: 1. Are Pharaoh and Potiphar the same person? Potiphar, Son of Horus. Potiphar puts Joseph in prison. The names of Potiphar are deconstructed and read as Hebrew roots, rendering terms that are related to idolatry. Hebrew: . A good answer provides new insight and perspective. See e.g. In 2Kg 20:18 and Is 38:7, the word is translated as "eunuch"; and it . After successfully interpreting the dreams of two fellow prisoners and humbly declaring his interpretive powers as entirely derived from God, Joseph finds himself suddenly called to Pharaoh's palace to help the master of all Egypt with two problematic dreams of his own. 267283;The Torah: A Women's Commentary, pp. The names Potiphar and Potiphera are very similar. Why didnt Abraham bargain with God when it came to Isaac being offered as a burnt offering like he did when it came to Sodom and Gomorrah? 2021 covid 19 supplemental paid sick leave law; panini blockchain code; what happened to arthur labinjo hughes mother These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Perhaps this is a cautionary tale for those of us whose names were shortened, whose appearance is adjusted, and whose lifestyles are tailored to fit into a perceived American ideal. It does not store any personal data. 0 responses What is the difference between the LORD'S face and His countenance in Numbers 6:24-27, which is known as the "priest's blessing"? The story of Zuleika, wife of Potiphar (q.v. The story of the encounter between Joseph and the Wife of Potiphar can be read in full in Genesis 39:6-20. 31 When should weight be measured? He was born to Joseph and Mary sometime between 6 bce and shortly before the death of Herod the Great (Matthew 2; Luke 1:5) in 4 bce. Radak's point is quite valid, for it is hard to imagine any impetus for Pharaoh to have learned or utilized Hebrew pre-Joseph. So, "If it walks like a duck, and quacks like a duck . Second, God calls His people to live . Joseph and Potiphar's Wife - Now Joseph had been taken down to Egypt. Genealogy for Potiphar . Potiphar's wife, who was known for her infidelities, took a liking to Joseph, and attempted to seduce him. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. Others explain that the fact that the Torah uses two different names indicates that they are two different people. Josephus, Philo and many rabbinical passages concur that the two men were distinct. I love what you have written. . Now I admit that I make some assumptions. The Ar Does Joseph do all of this for show, just on the outside, perhaps for political prudence? Our team has collected thousands of questions that people keep asking in forums, blogs and in Google . At one time, Joseph was assumed to be elderly when he married Mary. 6[Doubleday: New York, 1992]). Please check your inbox for our emails, and to manage your subscription. Technical problems? pot'-i-far (poTiphar; compare Egyptian Potiphera (Genesis 39:1 f)): A high Egyptian official who became the master of Joseph. Is Potiphar and potiphera the same person? For Joseph to refuse Potiphar's wife was for him to honour his owner Potipharand to dishonour God, his true master. The medieval Sefer HaYashar, a commentary on the Torah, gives Potiphar's wife's name as Zuleikha, as do many Islamic traditions - thus the Persian poem called Yusuf and Zulaikha from Jami's Haft Awrang "Seven thrones". Father Abraham, justified by faith, saw the promise of the Son to come and believed! Potiphar's wife attempted to seduce Joseph. I was suspecting that the name Potiphera must be more of a title, like "Pharoah", than an actual name, and that there was nothing necessarily inconsistent about someone functioning at one instance as an officer of Pharoah (a eunuch? appears in the Judaeo-Christian Old Testament and in the Koran. Genesis: Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Pentateuch by John Goldingay. One of the atheist commentators was arguing that Scripture commands and advocates the subjugation of women to men, and treating them as objects. Asenath was the daughter of POTI PHERA, the governor of On. 40 Is potiphar and potiphera the same person? Also Known As: "Potifera", "Poti-phera", "Potiphera" Birthdate: estimated before . Asenath is mentioned in the Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. He was responsible for the personal protection of the Egyptian King, his family and court; as well as presiding over the Royal Prison. Proper noun. But who, exactly, is this Potiphera Priest of On? Some of our partners may process your data as a part of their legitimate business interest without asking for consent. The same is true of the use of the title Pharao for kings earlier than the eighteenth dynasty, which is quite in keeping with Egyptian usage at the time of the nineteenth dynasty. Was John the Baptist conceived via an immaculate conception? Was he the same Ben Hur mentioned in the Bible? Poti-phera (3 Occurrences). Azeez's wife declares her purpose to imprison Joseph unless he yield to her solicitations. The Lord is still with Joseph, and the prison's commander puts him in charge. His brothers were jealous of him and sold him into slavery. . Rashi subscribes to that opinion, and he explains why the name is slightly different in verse 45. Report, May 11 2016 gave [Joseph] Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, to be his wife." The priest of On led the worship of the Egyptian sun god. In another early text, The History of Joseph the Carpenter, which was composed in Egypt between the 6th and 7th centuries, Christ himself tells the story of his step-father, claiming Joseph was 90 years old when he married Mary and died at 111. We are blessed to live in a country that does not demand we change who we are and what we believe in order to fit in. . His father loved him more than any of the others and gave him a coloured cloak. The majority opinion follows Rashi, and there are several sources in the Midrashic texts that seem to back up Rashis opinion. Your email address will not be published. 40 What's vodka made from? to Potiphar's wife, it is possible to argue for a reading that suggests that Joseph's sin is not that he contemplated sleeping with Potiphar's wife, but that he refused to do so. As you write, some are of the opinion that they are one and the same person. GENESIS through the lens of Anthropology . Advertisement cookies are used to provide visitors with relevant ads and marketing campaigns. Other uncategorized cookies are those that are being analyzed and have not been classified into a category as yet. . According to the biblical story, Pharaoh had a dream that no one could interpret for him. What is the difference between the priests and the Levites? Often you will find the interchangeable re with ra because the vowels are implied by the scribe. Joseph is not the only one of our ancestors to engage in an exogamous marriage; indeed, this kind of union can be a successful way to bring people into our group. Potiphar's wife attempted to seduce Joseph. Why Cant You Mount A Horse From The Right Side? TimesMojo is a social question-and-answer website where you can get all the answers to your questions. The view that the names Potiphar and Potiphera refer to men of high rank is supported by the stela of Potiphera in Cairo Museum. . Genesis 37:36 He was responsible for the personal protection of the Egyptian King, his family and court; as well as presiding over the Royal Prison. He was Joseph's master for a time and, it appears, was a man of wealth. About Us. What is the difference between a sign and a wonder? 233258. Rav said: He bought him for himself [that is, for his own sexual purposes], but [the angel] Gabriel came and castrated him and then Gabriel came and mutilated him (ufeir'o), for originally his name is written Potiphar but afterwards Potiphera. How did the spirit of God move upon the face of the waters in Genesis 1:2? At various stages of his life, Joseph was a slave, a prisoner, and a national leader. We sin against Gods honor by blaspheming God or perjuring ourselves. Potiphar is the one to whom Joseph(P) was sold and mentioned in the following verses: . It is difficult to tie Potiphar or Joseph accurately to a particular pharaoh or time period. Community answers are sorted based on votes. Heliopolis is Biblical On and was an Ainu shrine. 1160-1235) rejects such a reading in no uncertain terms: This is the Egyptian language, just as Nebuchadnezzar called Daniel and his associates by a name in the Aramaic language. If Potiphar's daughter is now marrying Joseph, Potiphar will be forced to support him. Potiphar is the captain of Pharaoh's guard who is said to have purchased Joseph as a slave and, impressed by his intelligence, makes him the master of his household. How to say potiphar in English? According to the documentary hypothesis, the story of Potiphar and his wife is credited to the Yahwist source, and stands in the same place that the stories of the butler and the baker and Pharaoh's dreams stand in the Elohist text. Who is Ben Hur in the movie produced in 1959? In Hebrew, "officer" is (saris), the captain of the guard is (sar tabbach).According to HALOT (The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament), saris means high official eunuch. 2 o The L ord was with Joseph, and he became a successful man, and he was in the house of his Egyptian master. Potiphar is the only Egyptian of status who would harbor a grudge against Joseph, given their prior history. Potiphar and Potiphera. The story of Zuleika, wife of Potiphar (q.v. 39 Now Joseph was taken down to Egypt, and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmaelites wh .". Rashi, along the lines of earlier translators and commentators, draws on the Hebrew root tzadi-fei-nun, meaning "hidden," to explain that Joseph's Egyptian name means "one who explains the hidden," but he also readily admits that there is "nothing similar to 'paneah' in the Bible."