In 1864 Anderson returned to raiding in Kansas and Missouri, and between July and October of that year was said to have made more raids, ridden more miles, and killed more men than any other bushwhacker of the war. Showing Editorial results for WILLIAM Anderson, William [Bloody Bill] T. (ca. WebBrowse 85 WILLIAM T. ANDERSONstock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. V"u8L%:7IJZ}.rDBdQq{Y %/z@X. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, People of Missouri in the American Civil War, Official Records of the American Civil War, "Indebtedness and the Origins of Guerrilla Violence in Civil War Missouri",, "Sideshow no longer: A historiographical review of the guerrilla war",, "'Wildwood Boys' Brings Bloody Bushwacker to Life",, "Seven Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a U.S. Dollar Amount 1774 to Present". [154] Most Confederate guerrillas lost heart around that time, owing to a cold winter and the failure of General Price's 1864 Missouri campaign, which ensured that the state would remain under Union control. He worked with his brother Jim, their friend Lee Griffith, and several accomplices strung along the Santa Fe Trail. Wikimedia CommonsAt the start of the Civil War, William T. Anderson had no interest in taking sides, instead preferring to further his criminal ambitions in the chaos. WebBorn in unknown and died in 1 Sep 1964 Unanderra, New South Wales William T Anderson [105], Anderson ordered his men not to harass the women on the train, but the guerrillas robbed all of the men, finding over $9,000 and taking the soldiers' uniforms. [47] They left town at 9a.m., after a company of Union soldiers approached the town. Anderson reached a Confederate Army camp; although he hoped to kill some injured Union prisoners there, he was prevented from doing so by camp doctors. william t anderson statue. On August 21, 1863, Anderson and his gang of about thirty joined William C. Quantrill in the celebrated Lawrence, Kansas, raid, in which Anderson was reputed to have been the most bloodthirsty of all of the 450 raiders. When in August 1863 two of his sisters were killed and a third crippled for life in the collapse of a makeshift jail in which they were being held by Union authorities, the already ferocious Anderson redoubled his frenzy of killing. 46w/11. [10], After the Civil War began in 1861, the demand for horses increased, and Anderson transitioned from trading horses to stealing horses, reselling them as far away as New Mexico. for a movie Upcoming auctions ( 0) Past auctions ( 2) Marketplace Suggested artists ( 6) Upcoming auctions There are no artworks by William T. ANDERSON coming up for auction at this time. William Quantrill was one of the most notorious and successful Confederate partisans and an enemy of the Anderson brothers. WebWilliam T. Anderson (1840 October 26, 1864), better known as Bloody Bill, was one of the deadliest and most brutal pro- Confederate guerrilla leaders in the American Civil However, most were hunted down and killed;[116] Anderson's men mutilated the bodies of the dead soldiers and tortured some survivors. Anderson retreated into the lobby of the town hotel to drink and rest. [112] By mid-afternoon, the 39th Missouri Volunteer Infantry had arrived in Centralia. After selecting a sergeant for a potential prisoner swap, Anderson's men shot the rest. do not stand at my grave and weep. Biography: William T. Anderson, also known as "Bloody Bill," was an American soldier that operated in Missouri and Kansas as a Confederate guerilla leader during the American Civil War. !xU%m#oyMZ)kq i3n#%sx|Kj#L k:tJlp#E%3-nv0x0 n, @p V`17_$EFa%9^qg;hs%^zQdeJ `[SG,Ypr/J`!>' They attacked the fort on October 6, but the 90 Union troops there quickly took refuge inside, suffering minimal losses. Anderson was upset by the critical tone of the coverage and sent letters to the publications. Accompanied by his diminutive teenaged lieutenant, Little Archie Clement, a psychopath with a particular fondness for scalping and mutilating his victims with knives, Anderson left a fresh wake of murder and misery. [61] It is likely that this incident angered Anderson, and he took 20 men to visit the town of Sherman. [32] By late July, Anderson led groups of guerrillas on raids, and was often pursued by Union volunteer cavalry. A protective coating of wax tinted to emphasize the sculptural detail of the monumentwas layered on top. The ensuing fight was a humiliation for Union commander James G. Blunt, who fled the field as his men were butchered and was later accused of drunkenness on the day of the battle. 1956). William Tecumseh Sherman was unveiled in Grand Army Plaza in 1903. Unexpectedly, they were able to capture a passenger train, the first time Confederate guerrillas had done so. On October 2, a group of 450 guerrillas under Quantrill's leadership met at Blackwater River in Jackson County and left for Texas. Tintype photograph of William T. "Bloody Bill" Anderson, taken shortly after his death on October 27, 1864 in Richmond, Missouri. [44] Anderson personally killed 14 people. [133], Anderson traveled 70 miles (110km) east with 80 men to New Florence, Missouri. While they were confined, the building collapsed, killing one of Anderson's sisters. C7Ibo6Gxe9hc. Artprice lists 2 of the artist's works for sale at public auction, mainly in the Print-Multiple category. Sherman's horse is trampling a Georgia Pine branch, a symbol of the south. William Anderson was initially given a chilly reception from other raiders, who perceived him to be brash and overconfident. [58][lower-alpha 5] In March, at the behest of General Price, Quantrill reassembled his men, sending most of them into active duty with the Confederate Army. [21] Anderson and his gang subsequently traveled east of Jackson County, Missouri, avoiding territory where Quantrill operated and continuing to support themselves by robbery. Anderson led a band that targeted Union loyalists and Federal soldiers in Missouri and Kansas. [12] In late 1861, Anderson traveled south with brother Jim and Judge Baker, in an apparent attempt to join the Confederate Army. Wikimedia CommonsIn Quantrills raid on the Unionist stronghold of Lawrence, Kansas, nearly 200 civilians were murdered by Anderson and his fellow bushwhackers. [67], On July 6, a Confederate sympathizer brought Anderson newspapers containing articles about him. Profession: Confederate Guerrilla Leader. WebWilliam T. Anderson - Read online for free. [34] In August 1863, however, Union General Thomas Ewing, Jr., attempted to thwart the guerrillas by arresting their female relatives,[35] and Anderson's sisters were confined in a three-story building on Grand Avenue in Kansas City with a number of other girls. The Quantrill band then crossed the border into Confederate Texas to spend the winter in safety. [40] Anderson was placed in charge of 40 men, of which he was perhaps the angriest and most motivatedhis fellow guerrillas considered him one of the deadliest fighters there. They had hoped to attack a train, but its conductor learned of their presence and turned back before reaching the town. When Baker refused, Bills father got drunk one morning, rode to Bakers house, and attempted to kill him, only for Baker to unload a shotgun in his chest. The trip was not successful: he returned to Missouri without the shipment, and stated that his horses had disappeared with the cargo. Showing Editorial results for WILLIAM T. ANDERSON. [151][lower-alpha 7] Flowers were placed at his grave, to the chagrin of Union soldiers. l1 OUok7WA'/by 'w-[B@08Ra ^ C|kU}ZI*Q%NXT*hF.e+ <>stream According to unsubstantiated rumor, however, Anderson survived the Albany fight, and the mutilated body was that of another man. [28], In May 1863, Anderson joined members of Quantrill's Raiders on a foray near Council Grove,[28] in which they robbed a store 15 miles (24km) west of the town. 0. vote. After the robbery, the group was intercepted by a United States Marshal accompanied by a large posse,[29] about 150 miles (240km) from the KansasMissouri border. These regiments were composed of troops from out of state, who sometimes mistreated local residentsfurther motivating the guerrillas and their supporters. Handbook of Texas Online, endstream Wikimedia CommonsWhile the armies of the Union and the Confederacy raged in the east, William T. Bloody Bill Anderson fought an altogether different and more savage Civil War. Past auctions. There he met Baker, who temporarily placated him by providing a lawyer. Box Office Mojo. Courtesy of Stuart Semmel. Author of A Little House Sampler, Masonic Token, The Marquis And The Mason's Widow - Pamphlet, The Sailor Masons - Pamphlet, Lady Masonry Or Masonry Of Adoption, The First Masonic Temple - Pamphlet, The Soldier Mason, Musical Memories of Laura Ingalls Wilder (History Alive Through Music) (History Alive Thru Music) A stagecoach soon arrived, and Anderson's men robbed the passengers, including Congressman James S. Rollins and a plainclothes sheriff. At the outbreak of the Civil War he was forced by his Unionist neighbors to flee to Clay County, Missouri, where he became a guerilla leader notorious for leading raids along the Kansas-Missouri border and infamous for scalping his victims. [71], In early July, Anderson's group robbed and killed several Union sympathizers in Carroll and Randolph counties. United States. The Central Park Conservancy is a private, not-for-profit organization, and is tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. [62] Sutherland described Anderson's betrayal of Quantrill as a "Judas" turn. endobj accessed March 04, 2023, They were the parents of at least 6 sons and 1 daughter. When Baker then married a local school teacher instead, the Anderson men were outraged and believed that Mary Ellens honor had been besmirched. Since its creation, women have helped make Central Park a unique and thriving public space. Weeks after the horror at Lawrence, Anderson, by now a fully-fledged bushwhacker chieftain, took part in an attack on Fort Blair, a minor Union outpost near Baxter Springs, Kansas. [78] Anderson was selective, turning away all but the fiercest applicants as he sought fighters similar to himself. At first serving under bushwhacker captain Dick Yager, Bill Anderson participated in a string of violent robberies throughout western Missouri and eastern Kansas, targeting Union patrols and Union sympathizers while avoiding their pro-Union counterparts, the Jayhawkers. Many of Anderson's men also despised the Union, and he was adept at tapping into this emotion. [124] In the aftermath of the attacks, Union soldiers committed several revenge killings of Confederate-sympathizing civilians. [85] On August 1, while searching for militia members, Anderson and some of his men stopped at a house full of women and requested food. Tragedy again increased Anderson's violence when, due to his infamy, his two sisters were imprisoned in a makeshift jail in Kansas City. Restoration of the Dairy Visitor Center & Gift Shop, Seasons in Flux: How the New Climate Reality is Disrupting the Calendar for Parks. [13] Anderson had stated to a neighbor that he sought to fight for financial reasons, rather than loyalty to the Confederacy. WebBiography: William T. Anderson, also known as "Bloody Bill," was an American soldier that operated in Missouri and Kansas as a Confederate guerilla leader during the American [82] In 1863, most Union troops left Missouri and only four regiments remained there. But on July 3, 1862, they lured Baker into the cellar of his store, shot him and his nephew, and burned the building down around them. <>stream His father, William Senior, had tried his hand at a variety of get-rich-quick schemes including prospecting in the California Gold Rush before taking one last run at success in Kansas, moving his wife and children to his land claim near Council Grove in 1857. [136] After Confederate forces under General Joseph O. Shelby conquered Glasgow, Anderson traveled to the city to loot. The body was decapitated and dragged through the streets of Richmond, Missouri, by the victorious Unionists. Thomas W. Cutrer, [74] Anderson's men robbed the town's depository, gaining about $40,000 in the robbery, although Anderson returned some money to the friend he had met at the hotel. Originally slated for completion by 1894, the monument was not realized until 1903, due in part to debate over its location. Bloody Bill Andersons brutal career came to an end in a masterful Union ambush. 2021. William T. "Bill" Anderson, who was known as "Bloody Bill" Anderson because he showed no mercy to captives, was killed 26 October 1864 in Missouri. Clad in Union uniforms, the guerrillas generated little suspicion as they approached the town,[94] even though it had received warning of nearby guerrillas. [93], Anderson met Todd and Quantrill on September 24, 1864; although they had clashed in the past, they agreed to work together. g 270 0 obj [166], In a study of 19th-century warfare, historian James Reid posits that Anderson suffered from delusional paranoia, which exacerbated his aggressive, sadistic personality. William T. Anderson (1840 October 26, 1864), better known as Bloody Bill, was one of the deadliest and most brutal pro-Confederate guerrilla leaders in the American Civil War. He was, however, impressed by the effectiveness of Anderson's attacks. Andersons prodigious talents for bloodshed were such that, by the end of his life in 1864, hed left a trail of destruction across three states which took just two years to blaze. Ford didnt get much of a funeral, but he got more than Anderson did when he died. To him, one of the most bloodthirsty and sadistic figures of that conflict, it was a golden opportunity to indulge in the cruelest acts of violence and to fuel the hellish anarchy that marked the war in the west. They chased the men who had attacked them, killing one and mutilating his body. Most Recent Anderson faded into the footnotes of the Civil War as the greater victories in the east captured national attention. [18], On July 2, 1862, William and Jim Anderson returned to Council Grove and sent an accomplice to Baker's house claiming to be a traveler seeking supplies. WebView William T Anderson's memorial on Fold3. [33], Quantrill's Raiders had a support network in Jefferson County, Missouri, that provided them with numerous hiding places. [162], Historians have been mixed in their appraisal of Anderson. Later in the day, a Union detachment rode into town to challenge Anderson. Anderson subsequently returned to Missouri as the leader of a group of raiders and became the most feared guerrilla in the state, killing and robbing dozens of Union soldiers and civilian sympathizers throughout central Missouri. [152] In 1908, Cole Younger, a former guerrilla who served under Quantrill, reburied Anderson's body, and in 1967, a memorial stone was placed at the grave. His family moved to Kansas when he was a youngster. First Published Separate tags with commas, spaces are allowed. English: A picture of William T. Anderson taken shortly after his death on October 27, 1864 in Richmond, Missouri, by Robert B. Kice. That came to an end when William Quantrill, the most notorious and capable of the bushwhackers, sent a party to confiscate the brothers horses and warn them off robbing Southern sympathizers or be shot. [142] On October 26, 1864, he pursued Anderson's group with 150 men and engaged them in battle. only for Baker to unload a shotgun in his chest. date of birth . When Quantrill made good his escape, McCulloch ordered his return, dead or alive, and Anderson and his gang joined in the pursuit. [137][138] Anderson indicated that he was particularly angry that the man had freed his slaves and trampled him with a specially trained horse. [107] Anderson gave the civilian hostages permission to leave but warned them not to put out fires or move bodies. Soon after Anderson left Glasgow, a local woman saw him and told Cox of his presence. [161] He also appears as a character in several films about Jesse James. They soon arrived at the small town of Centralia and proceeded to loot it, robbing people and searching the town for valuables. In 1857, the family moved to Kansas and William worked At first, the Anderson brothers robbed pro-Union and pro-Confederacy civilians alike, seeking only to profit themselves. +.(0[Ap>R8Q6M ZTD The guerrillas then attacked Allen, Missouri. Find Movie. Coxs mens disciplined firing broke the charge and felled half a dozen rebels. He had at least 3 sons and 3 daughters with Mahala Cole Wilson. The Andersons barricaded the door to the basement and lit the store on fire, killing Baker and his brother-in-law. There, his men briefly engaged a group of guerrillas loyal to Quantrill, but no one was injured in the confrontation. W. C. Stewart, "Bill Anderson, Guerrilla," Texas Monthly, April 1929. Do not stand at my grave and weep. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) casualty province . The latest Tweets from William T. Anderson (@Anders6William). Raised by a family of Southerners in Kansas, Anderson began By August 1864, they were regularly scalping the men that they killed. Federal EIN (tax ID) number 13-3022855. [150] Some of them cut off one of his fingers to steal a ring. [48] The raiding party was pursued by Union forces, but eventually managed to break contact with the soldiers and scatter into the Missouri woods. [140], Anderson's body several hours after he died, Union military leaders assigned Lieutenant Colonel Samuel P. Cox to kill Anderson, providing him a group of experienced soldiers. [59] Quantrill appointed him a first lieutenant, under only he and Todd. I believe the L versus T controversy innocently began with Union Major and Assistant Adjutant General James Rainsford in 1864. William T. Anderson (1840 October 26, 1864), better known as Bloody Bill, was one of the deadliest and most brutal pro-Confederate guerrilla leaders in the American Civil War. 8 Views. [159] Asa Earl Carter's novel The Rebel Outlaw: Josey Wales features Anderson as a main character. Grow your brand authentically by sharing brand content with the internets creators. [126][131] Price was disgusted that Anderson used scalps to decorate his horse, and would not speak with him until he removed them. 293 0 obj In the pitched battle that resulted, Anderson rode through the Union line only to be shot twice in the back of the head. $^ @BF23)N}hlp8smU'^]w]kq7i}g77qDfHr'"cg"emObaTm7oj\bnxeTIDGDLDyno,1[TRk&2/rm}YMcs.s-+1o\XZ)b_n"DJ&HbH)1iFOQ.&\L#~_.2w4>}*R&eXWF9=?Wma7sNz&+kx8AXRYMq0AQJj#I| *gO1qY{q!7Z YmCnv@m#_|) [84] In late July, the Union military sent a force of 100 well-equipped soldiers, and 650 other men, after Anderson. On the north side of Grand Army Plaza is a towering monument to Union Army General William Tecumseh Sherman (18201891) by the American sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens. This action angered his men, who saw themselves as the protectors of women, but Anderson dismissed their concerns, stating that such things were inevitable. [53] Not satisfied with the number killed, Anderson and Todd wished to attack the fort again, but Quantrill considered another attack too risky. After his father was killed by a Union-loyalist judge, Anderson fled Kansas for Missouri. Themes heist, drugs, kidnapping, coming of age Quantrill attained near-unanimous consent to travel 40 miles (64km) into Union territory to strike Lawrence. The tension between the two groups markedly increasedsome feared that open warfare would resultbut by the wedding, relations had improved. [52] The guerrillas charged the Union forces, killing about 100. His group attacked Union loyalists and federal soldiers. Albert Castel, William Clarke Quantrill: His Life and Times (New York: Fell, 1962). Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). [29] Castel and Goodrich speculated that this raid may have given Quantrill the idea of a launching an attack deep in Kansas, as it demonstrated that the state's border was poorly defended and that guerrillas could travel deep within the state before Union forces were alerted. [127], Anderson visited Confederate sympathizers as he traveled, some of whom viewed him as a hero for fighting the Union, whom they deeply hated. On the morning of October 26, 1864, Anderson was brought to bay by a force of 150 Union militia near the Ray County community of Albany. Anderson subsequently participated in the Lawrence Massacre and Battle of Baxter Springs. endobj Past auctions Books With Free. [77] As Anderson's profile increased, he was able to recruit more guerillas. Even before Union forces finally shot him down in his final gunfight, the man called Bloody Bill had become equal parts legend and infamous nightmare. [51], They departed earlier in the year than they had planned, owing to increased Union pressure. His group attacked Union loyalists and federal soldiers. Anderson led a band that targeted Union loyalists and Federal soldiers in Missouri and Kansas. Now that you know the disturbing true story of Bloody Bill Anderson, read about the hellraising life of Jesse James, his most notorious protg. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Join Facebook to connect with William T. Anderson and others you may know. [68][69] In the letters, Anderson took an arrogant and threatening, yet playful, tone, boasting of his attacks. [27] In early 1863, William and Jim Anderson traveled to Jackson County, Missouri, to join him. Cause of Death: Killed in battle by Union troops in a skirmish at Albany, Missouri, William T. Anderson also known as "Bloody Bill" Anderson. [65], Anderson and his men rested in Texas for several months before returning to Missouri. John P. Burch, Charles W. Quantrell (Vega, Texas, 1923). | YOUNGER HERE. Historians have made disparate appraisals of Anderson: some see him as a sadistic, psychopathic killer, but for others, his actions can not be separated from the general lawlessness of the time. one sister was killed and the other permanently disfigured. [50], A painting by George Caleb Bingham depicting General Order No. William T. Anderson 2 Images. He addressed the prisoners, castigating them for the treatment of guerrillas by Union troops. /0Q>cwJLhyLDMn0=d} N9a. His areas of interest include the Soviet Union, China, and the far-reaching effects of colonialism. The figure of Victory is depicted holding a palm frond as she leads Sherman to Union victory. WebWilliam T Anderson was born in 1813, in Tennessee, United States. [16] In May 1862, Baker issued an arrest warrant for Griffith, whom Anderson helped hide. Anderson would later remark that I have killed Union soldiers until I have got sick of killing them.. Anderson, William [Bloody Bill] T., view all photos (1) honored on panel 46w, line 11 of the wall. [109] The guerrillas set the passenger train on fire and derailed an approaching freight train. Dedicated in 1903, it was [86] The guerrillas quickly forced the attackers to flee, and Anderson shot and injured one woman as she fled the house. On August 27 Anderson and his men perpetrated the Centralia Massacre, which involved some of the most vicious atrocities of the Civil War. 2023 Getty Images. aPA Now Support Us Find Public Art in Philadelphia Explore Featured News GSA Installs Colossal Painting by Moe Brooker in Philadelphia Federal Building WebBill Andersons full name is generally believed to have William T. Anderson so readers who are familiar with him may question why his full name was/is claimed by some to be William L. Anderson. [91] In mid-September, while traveling through Howard County, Union soldiers ambushed two of Anderson's parties, killing five men in one day. [95] However, a guerrilla fired his weapon before they reached the town, and the cavalry quickly withdrew into their fort while civilians hid. In the summer of 1863, he had Andersons three sisters arrested and imprisoned in a rickety building in Kansas City. [149] Union soldiers buried Anderson's body in a field near Richmond in a fairly well-built coffin. Raised by a family of Southerners in Kansas, Anderson began supporting himself by stealing and selling horses in 1862. [108] Although he was alerted of the congressman's presence in the town, he opted not to search for him. [119] However, Frank James, who participated in the attack, later defended the guerrillas' actions, arguing that the federal troops were marching under a black flag, indicating that they intended to show no mercy. x =0W_AXFBql(paYu+7x-!@LD,WIa= H,#m{%YcBhcGVd:R=P\hT40a!0@[RCUi'P [8] By 1860, William T. Anderson was a joint owner of a 320-acre (1.3km2) property that was worth $500 and his family had a net worth of around $1,000. In response, Union militias developed hand signals to verify that approaching men in Union uniforms were not guerrillas. From July 1861 until the end of the war, the state suffered up to 25,000 deaths from guerrilla warfare, more than any other state. Retrieved from , see Albert Castel & Tom Goodrich, Bloody Bill Anderson, pp. For Anderson, the guerrilla war in Kansas was no longer about filling his pockets. William and Jim Anderson then traveled southwest of Kansas City, robbing travelers to support themselves. [6][lower-alpha 2] Animosity soon developed between these immigrants and Confederate sympathizers, but there was little unrest in the Council Grove area. WILLIAM T ANDERSON VIEW ALL PHOTOS (1) HONORED ON PANEL 46W, LINE 11 OF THE WALL WILLIAM THEODORE ANDERSON WALL NAME WILLIAM T ANDERSON PANEL / LINE 46W/11 DATE OF BIRTH 07/24/1944 CASUALTY PROVINCE TAY NINH DATE OF CASUALTY 08/25/1968 HOME OF RECORD STATESVILLE nc . Then, read the dark facts about the Nueces massacre, when Confederate troops slaughtered Unionist German immigrants for resisting conscription. William Elsey Connelley, Quantrill and the Border Wars (New York: Pageant, 1909; rpt. Bill also answers to Bill T Anderson and William T Anderson, and perhaps a couple of other names. [5] At that time, there was significant debate about slavery in Kansas, and many residents of the northern United States had moved there to ensure that it would not become a slave state.