If you do choose a less-humid space, make sure to mist the leaves around twice a week or put the plant on a pebble tray. This Alocasia dragon scale, commonly known as the dragon scale, is noteworthy because of the scale-like textured foliage. At Home With Hues is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. PSize: 27-35 inches tall. The leaves can reach 6-feet in length and 4-feet wide. Another name for this Philodendron is sweetheart plant, and it is also botanically known as Philodendron scandens. In fact, there is often much confusion over how to tell the difference between Pothos (Epipremnum) and some very similar looking plants in the Philodendron genus. How to care for philodendron plants: Grow Philodendron plants in well-draining soil, a bright indoor location, and water whenever the top 1" (2.5 cm) of soil is dry. The vining plant has thick stems with small heart-shaped leaves that have glossy appearance. This Philodendron cultivar is an upright, non-climbing, plant that can reach an upright height of 2 ft. (60 cm). This variety of Philodendron doesnt tolerate cold as well as other plants. They can be identified by their arrowhead-shaped leaves that sit on tall petioles. Since the portodora can grow to 4-5 feet, it is best for full-partially sunny areas in the outdoors or on a patio. Philodendron Brasil is a variegated type of Philodendron which is a cultivar of the heartleaf Philodendron. It's called "heart leaf" for a reason! Last updated: November 4, 2022 | The plant can grow quite large, especially in height, so it thrives in outdoor gardens with plenty of space. Grow Philodendron plants in a potting mix that has excellent drainage, but still holds some moisture. Coming from subtropical and tropical regions, Philodendron plants need high levels of humidity. In this article, gardening expert Madison Moulton examines her top tips for keeping your African Violets blooming indoors as long as possible! Keep the soil evenly moist, but allow it to dry out between waterings. Difference between alocasia sanderiana and amazonica difference between alocasia sanderiana and amazonica. Many philodendrons, including the aptly-named and very common heartleaf philodendron, have more heart-shaped leaves that are thinner with a soft texture. Keep reading this article to find out the 51 most beautiful philodendron varieties in the world today. Philodendron Prince of Orange gets its name from its orange-colored new leaves. The leaves are heart-shaped with meaty white veins running over them, making for an outstanding contrast between the colors. Philodendron Florida Beauty Varieties. The Alocasia macrorrhizos, not to be confused with the Alocasia macrorrhiza, is an exotic-looking plant that brings an aura of simplicity and sophistication to your garden. For more information on how tocare for your Philodendron plants, please read our full guide. 2. It enjoys moderate watering and humidity. The plant got its name after the fragrant flowers it produces that resembles the calla lily flowers in that it has a pale peach spathe and a spadix. Keep the thermostat above 60F (15C) and this shouldn't happen. This is where it gets complicated. The Polly plant reminds some of the traditional African mask patterns because of the adorned leaves with ribs in a light green white. Watch the leaves of your Philodendron carefully as they will let you know when they need more or less light, water or moisture. This makes them suitable for intermediate to expert plant parents. Free shipping for many products! The leaves of the plant may look sturdy, but they can get scorched if exposed to excess sunlight. Garden Center. Red Leaf Philodendron. Also known by the n ame Pink Princess, it's the most adorable variety of philodendron. As its name suggests, this Alocasia types leaves are in the shape of triangles. From the unique silver dragon Alocasia to the gigantic but beginner-friendly taro Alocasia. The Purple Umbrella plant is not purple but does have a grayish underside that some may think looks purple in the sunlight. Philodendron is a completely different genus from Pothos (which is the common name for plants in the Epipremnum genus), and really mostly refers to Epipremnum aureum. The rarest philodendron is the Philodendron Pink Princess, which was initially discovered in Northern Colombia. Whilst the leaves are most commonly green they can come in red, pink or variegated colours . Many of the leaves are green, but many will also take on a lustrous silvery-gray color. It has large green foliage with a glossy finish. True split-leaf Philodendron has an entirely different leaf texture than a Monstera. Its important to check under the leaves for white dots or webbing. Also known as the Night-Scented Lily, the Alocasia Odora is an upright growing variety that can reach a height of 4-8 feet. Veins. Rugosum Philodendron has huge heart shaped leaves. Does your pothos plant need repotting? The stems grow very high and hold their large leaves in a horizontal manner that creates a sort of umbrella. If you love types of Alocasia with an exotic look, the Yucatan Princess delivers a tropical feeling that youll be obsessed with. Spathes are often confused with petals. They will just require extra attention, like regular misting with a spray bottle or placing a wet pebble tray close by. This guide will help you to choose which of these plants is best for you and provide you with some care tips and tricks for each. If you want something starkly different from the other light green plants in your garden, the Polly Plant is a beautiful addition thats easy to find. Youll need a lot of room if you want to grow this upright Philodendron plant as it can grow up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall and 6 ft. (2 m) wide. The hooded dwarf Alocasia is also commonly known as the buddhas hand. Philodendron plants are tropical flowering plants in the family Araceae. There are many different types of monstera, so choosing one variety can be a bit tricky! Thinking of adding a Philodendron to your flourishing houseplant collection? The Zebrina enjoys bright, indirect light and lots of humidity. Alocasia also boasts prominent veins on their leaves, ranging from green, black-green, white, and even shades of pink. The leaves get up to 10 in (25 cm) long. The rugosa Alocasia has the thickest and most heavily textured leaves out of all the species. 1 - Leaves. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can burn the leaves. Most climbing or hanging Philodendrons have heart-shaped leaves and long trailing vines. The ideal temperature range for Tiger Alocasia is between 64F and 82F (18C - 28C). Alocasia Yucatan Princess . If you want to grow this type of Philodendron indoors, youll need to have plenty of space. 4. Alocasia leaves are more upright. Thinking of propagating a new houseplant from just leaves, but aren't sure which one is the best fit for your indoor garden space? The leaves of the Frydek are sensitive to direct sun exposure, yet need bright, indirect light to thrive. There are a number of houseplants that can grow from leaves alone, provided they have the right care. Moreover, the leaves of alocasia have a shiny surface and come with an extended corm. Anything between 65 and 75F (18 and 23C) is perfect. The Amazonica reaches a height and spread of about two feet. These leaves have jagged, long teeth and are narrow and skinny. It's the perfect plant for small spaces! The plant grows up to 12 inches in height and width, with leaves that generally span 6 inches long and 2 inches broad. Therefore, they dont react well to harsh light and prefer bright, indirect lighting. Wash the leaves regularly . Colocasia vs Alocasia. These large-leafed Philodendrons grow well in hanging baskets or as a climbing plant. This plant is medium height. Tubing or vining. The darker-leafed species of Philodendron are suitable for shaded areas. Put it under the required conditions and give it the recommended Philodendron Florida Ghost care. Alocasia leaves are very glossy or waxy in appearance with prominent veins. A mature Birkin plant will take a few years to reach its maximum height of around 3 ft. (1 m). The pointed, oval leaves flare upward, so they make little bowls that catch the rain and direct it to the soil and roots. Stick the stem in a glass of water, making sure the node is submerged. Alocasia plants are known for boasting leaves with stunning veining patterns and large sizes. The best place to grow a Prince of Orange Philodendron is in a bright spot, away from direct sunlight. The long trailing stems can reach lengths of between 10 and 20 ft. (3 6 m). A subreddit dedicated to discussion, care, and progress of Alocasia plants. If you are struggling to get the humidity this plant needs, try placing it in the bathroom, or somewhere that gets more humidity. If the plant is growing in temperatures below 60F (15C), you're likely to experience some leaf drop. Water any type of Philodendron when the top layer of soil has dried out. While these species are native to Asia and Eastern Australia, many new types of Alocasia hybrids have been created all over the world and kept as decorative houseplants. Although most Philodendron plants tolerate a wide range of conditions, the Pink Princess is fussier. Known in its native land of eastern Australia as the Cunjevoi Lily, Alocasia Brisbanensis is a tall-growing Alocasia variety with a height of around 6 feet and leaves that can reach 2.5 feet in length. Giant Alocasia taros are one of the biggest and fastest growing amongst the Alocasia genus. The tail is reminiscent of a stingray, which is where the nickname came from. A moss pole or plant support are the best things for this. Bunting Numerous Plants Claim the Common Name! This plant blooms all year round, but more commonly in the summertime. The Alocasia originally comes from South East Asia but was commercially grown in Hawaii, where it got the name Alii, meaning king.. care on most sites: keep it moist, it likes water. The length of a heart-shaped leaf ranges between 5 to 7cm. This plant has uniquely shaped foliage, where the tips narrow to a string size and the base remains round in shape, representing the outline of a stingray. More compact than amazonica. The Alocasia thrives in very humid environments and does not tolerate the cold well. To care for your plant properly, mist the leaves daily or place the plant pot on a humidifying tray. As the lacy tree Philodendron (Philodendron Selloum) grows and matures, its leaves become huge and start drooping. The stems are thick and stocky, giving the plant an overall thick and sturdy appearance. The philodendron has smaller leaves, which are split rather than fenestrated. Water Quality: Pure water is generally more ideal because most Aroids are epiphytes and will be adapted to rain water (pH of 5.5-6) which naturally has a low mineral content.However, from my own experience, alkaline tap water can work - provided you take action to make it more hospitable and lower the pH. However, variegated Philodendron plants need bright, filtered light. | Top Tips to save Your Devils Ivy, Causes of Philodendron Birkin Brown Spots? Alocasias cataphylls stay on the stem, while a Giant Philodendrons cataphylls dry and fall off. Here are some of the main care differences between Alocasia and Colocasia plants: Light. However, it is small compared with other Alocasia varieties, so dont expect it to grow more than two feet in height. While pothos comes with thick and glossy leaves, a philodendron has a matte finish with elongated tips. You should aerate the soil to ensure efficient drainage. To care for Philodendron Birkin, grow the compact houseplant in indirect sun, fertile well-draining potting mix, and relatively high humidity. This Alocasia variety usually offers more stems and, therefore, a fuller-looking foliage compared to others in the genus. Alocasia varieties need shade to full sunlight depending on the variety. Anne Russel Viburnum. The veins and the mid-section of the leaves are dark-green, and the rest of the leaf is a silvery, light-green. The big lacy tree Philodendron is also called lacy leaf Philodendron, split-leaf Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Cut-Leaf Philodendron, or Fiddle-leaf Philodendron. The Naugahyde type of Philodendron is also called the pigskin plant due to its thick leathery leaves. Green Thumbs Garden. Dont expose it to drought, direct sunlight, temperature fluctuations or cold drafts. Philodendron gloriosum, with classically large heart-shaped leaves and silvery veins, is a great choice. The Dasheen Mosaiv Virus is a virus transmitted by aphids according to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Average room temperatures are perfect for growing Philodendrons, so keep even temperatures of between 65F and 80F (18C 27C). They also have a feather-like shape, while Monstera leaves are round and heart-shaped. Sexual reproduction of the Philodendron is carried out strictly by beetles who handle all the pollination. They are a deep green leaves with complementing silver veins. Although not the easiest Alocasia to grow indoors, once you understand its requirements, youll manage to keep this plant happy even indoors. The Alocasia longiloba can be identified by its large and dark grey-green leaves with bold white veining. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Compared to climbing Philodendrons, the upright species are slow-growing. If you love unique and rare plants, include this silver plant on your must-have list. If leaf texture is what youre most intrigued by in a foliage plant, the Alocasia Melo does not disappoint its rugged texture is made even more interesting by the visible primary and secondary veins on the leaf, creating a beautiful and intricate pattern. Also, whole leaves can remain rolled and . The flowers are small and white and surrounded by a light green spathe. The easiest way to test this is to insert your finger into the soil up the first knuckle. This specific species of Philodendron prefers shaded areas or low light conditions. The leaves are silvery-white with a dark green and almost black-looking outlined vein. The stem is like a mini tree trunk, providing a super study base for the large leaves and a tropical-looking plant. so adding some small bark/coir chips and perlite to houseplant soil will be good. Ideally a position near a sunny window, but out of direct contact with the suns rays is ideal. Both species of Philodendron are from the same speciesP. Create your account and enjoy a new shopping experience. You can see the distinctive white veining of the genus, complemented with the arrowhead shape. Along with the plant descriptions and pictures, scientific names will help identify each species of Philodendron. 2. The difference between the two is that the Xanadu plant is a specific cultivar of this species. However, it does involve removing your . 15 - 25cm Philodendron Scandens Pothos 12cm Pot House Plant. This type of Alocasia is easier to maintain, a lot harder and more resilient than smaller ones. Philodendron Spiritus-Sancti G.S. The plant grows best in bright, indirect light and tends to suffer when placed in a dark spot or if exposed to strong direct light. As its name suggests, the Alocasia nebula has silvery leaves that look artificial to many. Houseplant Fertilizers: The Best Indoor Plant Fertilizers (Reviewed and Compared), Calathea Orbifolia Care and Growing Guide (With Pictures), Pothos Plant Care: How to Grow Pothos (Epipremnum Aureum, Devils Ivy), The Best Hanging Flower Basket Ideas (With Pictures and Plant Care Guide), 14 Philodendron Types with Pictures and Care Guide, plants that are suitable for low-light conditions, helps to prevent problems with fungus gnats, Tall and Large Indoor Plants for Homes and Offices, How Often and How Much to Water Houseplants. The bold markings and large stature of the elephant ear plant varieties are sure to do just that. Although this large-leafed exotic looking type of Philodendron is a vining plant, regular pruning can give it a bushy appearance. The plant is resilient and will put up with less than ideal conditions for a while before its health declines. The long trailing stems with large eye-catching leaves help to add height and greenery to any kind of room. Humidity: philodendron likes high humidity, between 60 and 80%!Mist spray it regularly or use a saucer as a "water tank" to keep humidity high. This Alocasia variety is the perfect example of the wide range of choices when it comes to Alocasia plants. 15 Types of Alocasia Plants Rare & Popular Varieties. There is also an obviously indented midrib and the shape tends to look something like a gardening spade. Watering requirements: always allow the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil to dry up before watering your philodendron.Do not allow the soil to go completely dry at any time. This is a new type of Philodendron cultivar that thrives in warm environments. If you find spider mites on the leaves, isolate the plant from the rest of your collection and apply pests and mite treatment. Simply place the desired cutting in the medium. These cultivars are called cream splash Philodendron and are difficult to find, even online. Philodendron Grazielae has long trailing vines that are suitable for hanging basket or climbing up a moss pole. Some leaves have even been reported to grow over 3-feet long. The Alocasia is a plant species native to the subtropics of Asia and eastern Australia. These true philodendrons include Philodendron silver-leaf, Philodendron Silver Queen, and Philodendron Silver-Streak. Instead of an arrow, its foliage is described as sword shaped, with each Alocasia leaf reaching almost 2-feet. The Philodendron Congo Rojo is a large-leafed plant that has elongated oval-shaped leaves in various shades of red, burgundy, and dark green. The clumping plant doesnt grow long trailing vines. The name makes many think it grows rapidly and is quite large, but this isnt usually the case. Other Philodendron types grow upright and have large split or deeply-lobed leaves. An Alocasia type with high ornamental value, the Lauterbachiana features long and narrow leaves with wavy edges. Therefore, while the Selloum has gone for size, the Philodendron Xanadu has gone for beauty. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Lets look in more detail at the various types of Philodendron plants that are suitable for homes, offices, and other indoor spaces. Very slow to propagate but extremely beautiful plant. As mentioned, these huge plants can grow up to 15 feet tall. The lacy tree Philodendron looks similar to the Xanadu plantand theres a good reason for that. All Rights Reserved. If you want something with a classic and healthy look, this lovely green plant is an excellent addition to your collection. The black leaves add a dramatic look that will catch the attention of visitors and other plant lovers. It has oval-shaped, split leaves that look similar to those of a . At 1.6 feet tall, its a small-growing Alocasia, lending itself even for growing in terrariums, where the humidity and warmth set an ideal environment for this plant. Philodendron sagittifolium Synonyms: Philodendron tanyphyllum, Philodendron sanguineum, Philodendron lancigerum, Philodendron tuxtlanum, Philodendron lancigerum, Philodendron daemonum, Philodendron ghiesbrechtii Formerly incorrectly identified on this site as Nevertheless, people refer to it as green velvet because of the astonishing shade of green that colors its leaves. Moonligh cultivar has lime green leaves and is non climbing type of philodendron. As Caladiums are tubers (new growth comes from a tube as opposed to a node on a vine), Caladiums do not grow to be very tall. Here we'll help you learn everything you'll need to know to keep your plants thriving! Of all the houseplant varieties available in the UK, there are two that are loved by experts and novices alike: thePhilodendronand theAlocasia. Philodendron Imperial Green Care: A Complete Guide for Beginners, Philodendron Birkin light Requirements Everything you need to know. & How to fix them, ZZ Plant Care Guide | Watering, Lighting & Other Tips, Philodendron Giganteum Care Guide For Beginners, Alocasia Black Velvet Care | A Complete Guide. If your plant has small leaves or slow growth then it needs more fertiliser. planter.day. If so, you'll need to follow specific steps to make sure you don't harm your pothos plant in the process. Many of the leaves are green, but many will also take on a lustrous silvery-gray color. Grown outside of its natural habitat, the Alocasia odora performs best in greenhouses, but also in shade gardens, where the climate allows growing this plant outdoors. Philodendron minima: this plant is a bit tricky. Alocasias pair really well with Monstera Deliciosa for a tropical feel in your home. The tips are pointed in the upward direction. Fertilize once a month during the growing season and prune in the spring. Feed your Philodendron in the spring and again in mid summer with a liquid house plant fertilizer. There are many varieties of plants to choose from to spruce up your home or patio area. That being said, there are certainly some differences between the two genera as well. New leaves grow as sunny-yellow leaves that gradually darken as they age. This is a plant that will love a bathroom or kitchen. The stems are long, and the leaves are pointy heart shapes that droop down casually. The large heart-shaped leaves on this crawling variety of Philodendron are a deep green color with pinkish margins, and pale green, white, or pinkish veins. The leaf has a thick and almost puffy appearance as if its a blow-up plant. The features of this pink plant are red stems and beautiful heart-shaped leaves. Ensure adequate light exposure without direct sunlight, evenly moist soil, fast-draining potting mix and high levels of humidity. The green heartleaf Philodendron is a vining type of plant with dark-green leaves in a hearts shape. It has moderate watering requirements, disliking overwatering but also chronic underwatering. The nickname, Elephant Ear, applies to several other genera of plants, such as Alocasia, Colocasia, and Xanthosoma. Alocasia Amazonica. From all of the varieties of houseplants to choose from, Philodendron plants are some of the easiest to look after. Has slightly taller leaves than that of the alocasia Polly. In contrast to Alocasia, the leaf tip of colocasia points downwards. They usually . 3. It has large glossy leaves in bright green. Like the Alocasia portadora, it has a hardiness zone 11, meaning the plant can withstand temperatures down to 40F before entering dormancy. You should allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering your Philodendron. This fast-growing houseplant also has reddish colors on the underside of the leaves. How to Revive a Dying Pothos Plant? Whilst both have similar requirements, an Alocasia will struggle in a draughty or cold house, and many Philodendron varieties will suffer if not able to climb. You can also use a self-watering pot or a watering globe if you have a busy life and not enough time to maintain your plant. What is the difference between Socks and Proxy? People talk about their bulb, or tuber, but the growth is actually a corm, which is a swollen stem. In this article, gardening and houseplant expert Madison Moulton goes through everything you need to know to successfully plant, grow and care for the Philodendron gloriosum. It grows up to 14 in (36 cm) in total. As mentioned, these huge plants can grow up to 15 feet tall. Additionally, Soil Ph should be around 5.6-7.0. While both Monstera and Philodendron belong the the Araceae family, they are two different plant species. While if youre looking for a challenge with a big reward, the silver dragon or black velvet Alocasias are perfect for you. If you want a unique and eye-catching addition to your plant collection, the Alocasia infernalis is a striking option. . Alocasia are also known as "elephant ears" due to their size and shape, while philodendron leaves are more elliptical in shape. One of the easiest ways to tell pothos and philodendrons apart is by their leaves. A philodendron, on the . Instead of the typical white veins, the dragon scale was dark magenta veins that appear shadowed in their indented ridges. With Helpful Tips. Pothos, on the other hand, have leaves that are thicker and waxier. The Alocasia portodora can grow to be quite large. Other species of Philodendron need brighter light but protected from direct sunlight. These are pretty low maintenance, so you can grow them in most gardens as long as you get enough humidity and sunlight. This alocasia is by far one of the flashiest and most unique out of them all. I earn a commission if you make a purchase through my referral links. The rare type of variegation changes from leaf to leaf and can even change color. The tree-like Philodendron can grow up to 3 ft. (1 m) and have a spread of around 6 ft. (2 m) outdoors. A potting mixture of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil should create the perfect medium for Philodendron plants to thrive indoors. This species of Philodendron is related to the heartleaf plant and has leaves of a similar shape. This variety of Alocasia is one of the most tropical-looking species. The Philodendron grazielae is one of the most intriguing of all the Philodendron species. The leaves resemble elongated maple leaves, with their pointed and scooped edges. The blushing Philodendron is a cultivar from the same species as the Pink Princess plant. The best feature of the Alocasia odora is the coloring of the leaves. The Xanadu cultivar is an upright non-climbing philodendron type with split leaves. Alocasia melo has a striking appearance with its deep dark oval leaves with a distinct point at the end of each one. What is the difference between Hiring and Mercenary? It usually reaches a height of 3 feet and a width between 3-5 feet. Provide it with well-draining soil for aroids, regular watering every 7 days on average when the top 1-2 inches of soil are dry and ample humidity of >60%. As its name suggests, the leaves have a velvety texture with stunning iridescent foliage. Alocasia amazonica 'Ivory Coast'. Your email address will not be published. Waiting until the soil partly dries also helps to prevent problems with fungus gnats. The stems are thin and long, but they support large dark green leaves you would expect to encounter in the jungle. Sweetshrub. There are even more differences that we will get into in a while. Many varieties are plants that are suitable for low-light conditions where there is high humidityfor example, in bathrooms. They look more exotic than other Alocasia varieties, making them a popular plant among gardeners that want something different. These plants grow from tubers instead of seeds and are best known for their large heart, arrow or ear-shaped leaves that have been known to grow up to three feet long. Instead, the stiff burgundy stems grow large leaves that give this Philodendron a bushy, shrub-like appearance. The main difference is in the sinus - macrorrhiza has a very clean sinus while odora has leaf "webbing" in the sinus. Fertilize once a month during the growing season and prune in the spring. Be careful about direct sun exposure as well as the gentle leaves of the Cucullata can easily get scorched. Water the plant well until the soil is moist, but not soggy and make sure that you have a well-draining pot. In this article, gardening expert Madison Moulton looks at her favorite houseplants that will grow from just leaves! Howbeit, in domestic habitat, the plant usually reaches a length of around 90cm (35 inches). Both of these plants would make fantastic additions to any houseplant collection, and all indoor gardeners should consider both, but which one you choose will ultimately depend on if you can support the plants needs. 9 Unbelievably Fragile and Delicate Houseplants to Care For, 11 Best Unkillable Houseplants to Start Caring For, Is Homemade Bug Sprays Safe For Petunias? Needless to say, this isnt your typical houseplant Alocasia. Some varieties of upright Philodendrons include the Xanadu and the Green Congo Philodendron. If you live in temperate climates, you can only grow this plant indoors. While some of these plants are too large to be kept indoors, there are many that . The plant can reach a height of 12-15 feet, while its leaves can reach a length of 3-6 feet and 2-4 feet in length. Alocasias are prone to pests, specifically spider mites. This rule only works to distinguish these two groups; it won't hold up for other Alocasia types as there are non-macrorrhizos types with no leaf tissue between the "ears". The shape of the leaves is a departure from the typical oval or heart-shaped leaves of Alocasia varieties. Weekly email gardening tips, product reviews and discounts. Biology. If you are already registered, please log in. There are two true species of philodendron that also go by the name split-leaf philodendron: Philodendron bipinnatifidum and Philodendron selloum. By Jason White On the left side of the photo above is a Pothos leaf and the right side is a Heart Leaf Philodendron leaf. This type of Philodendron plant features delightful glossy dark green foliage in the shape of an arrowhead or elongated heart. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Hi Im Donna-Kay and I am a recovering ex-serial plant killer and cat mama.