Samples from modern-day Wales were found to be similar to those from the Iron Age and Roman burials whilst samples from much of modern England, East Anglia in particular, were closer to the Anglo-Saxon-era burial. [2], Owing to the difficulty of modelling the contributions of historical migration events to modern populations based purely on modern genetic data, such studies often varied significantly in their conclusions. They added: The claim of the Tudor dynasty would also be brought into question if the false paternity occurred between John of Gaunt and his son, John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset.. The "Manchu" cluster is the central result values of the alleles tested in 7 modern male individuals who claim ancestry to the Aisin Gioro family. This may include adverts from us and 3rd parties based on our understanding. Thats when DNA comes in. Tsarinne Alexandra - Haplogroup H HVR1 111T-357G-263G-315.1C. Good evening . According to Family Tree DNA, my paternal haplogroup is M269. from ancient times can be limited so there will not be very many Markers recovered to match to, if you would like to talk more my email is "L.A. Ferydoun Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn (Khosrovani), 'Short Report: DNA-evidence versus the Paper Trail. Rogaev, E. I.; Grigorenko, A. P.; Moliaka, Y. K.; Faskhutdinova, G.; Goltsov, A.; Lahti, A.; Hildebrandt, C.; Kittler, E. L. W. Y-DNA Haplogroup C and its Subclades - 2016, "Y chromosome of Aisin Gioro, the imperial house of the Qing dynasty", Y-DNA Haplogroup C and its Subclades - 2013, "Richard III dig: 'It does look like him'", "Geneticist Dr Turi King and genealogist Professor Kevin Schrer give key evidence on the DNA testing", "Bones Under Parking Lot Belonged to Richard III", "A king's final hours, told by his mortal remains", "Identification of the remains of King Richard III", "Revisiting the harem conspiracy and death of Ramesses III: anthropological, forensic, radiological, and genetic study", Genetic genealogy reveals true Y haplogroup of House of Bourbon contradicting recent identification of the presumed remains of two French Kings, "",, "Supporting Information (The last Russian emperor)",,, Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 16069T, 16126C, 73G, 146C, 185A, 188G, 263G, 295T, 315.1C. Lilibet Diana Queen's. Now the mtDNA will be the same as the sisters and there by your connection she will need mtDNA test done to match to her Brothers, I have been doing research on royal DNA and connections for some time now, now for the bad news old DNA is hard to recover so the makers for any DNA All Rights Reserved. The latter were part of the House of Tudor, which the current Firm shares a direct bloodline with. Since the appearance of a Meingaud, relative of king Eudes son of Robert le Fort on one hand, compared to Robert, apparent relative of a Meingaud and his nepos Eudes on the other hand, is unlikely to be a coincidence, and since Robert son of Robert appears in precisely the area where we would expect to find Robert le Fort, the evidence points strongly to the conclusion that they were the same man. Where can I go to compare my test to the Beaumont ,Campbells and King Jamess line and other kings? According to historical records he was buried in Grey Friars Church, Leicester, which once stood on the site of the car park where his bones were found. I receive a small contribution when you click on some of the links to vendors in my articles. Empress Alexandra of Russia and her children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei were identified as belonging to mtDNA Haplogroup H (16111T, 16357C, 263G, 315.1C). Full name: George Alexander Louis. I would like very much to hear your views pleasemany thanks. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Because a woman does not carry YDNA, if she wants to determine her paternal . "There are huge arguments about whether Elizabeth of York was legitimate. The Murrays married into the Stewarts (Dorothea Stewart and William Murray) and via a Canadian genealogist I am 11th Cousin to Queen Elizabeth II via that line. Richard III's mitochondrial haplotype was inferred from living descendants and then the identity of his remains confirmed through a multidisciplinary process including genetic analysis of both his mitochondrial and Y-DNA. Editor's note: Queen Elizabeth II, Britain's longest-reigning monarch, who sat on the throne for 70 years, has died at 96 years old. The British Royal Family technically do not have a surname. The Y-chromosome haplotype of the Tsar appears to belong to haplogroup R1b. Deborah Ferguson-Tripp have the American relation to Lady Diana. T The mtDNA Haplogroup L has 7 Branches L0-L6- The Descendants of Japh. Richard III DNA shows British Royal family may not have royal bloodline. Ernest was noted for his antipathy to women, and it was rumored at the time that his treasurer, a Jew, had relieved the Duke of the distressing duty of engendering an heir. 9, 2021 Updated 7:28 pm UTC Jan. 10, 2023 sorry, for the ultimate claim you will need to be the missing king Brad covers 8 major dynasties dating from 1603-2013, the Mountbatten, Hanover, Windsor and Stuart. Britain & Scandinavia Kings & Queens of England or Great Britain Edward IV (1442-1483) => J1c2c (mtDNA) Richard III (1452-1485) => J1c2c (mtDNA); G2 (Y-DNA) James I (1566-1625) => R1b-L21 (Y-DNA) Name: King David I of Scotland. Inclusion of studies on these pages does not imply endorsement from ISOGG. James B Frame 1834-1900 & Mary Lovica Baker 1844-1918. When you take a standard Y-chromosome DNA test with a company such as Family Tree DNA you will be given a base haplogroup assignment such as R1b1a2 (R-M269). Prince Phillip - Haplogroup - same as above -. King Edward was a ladies man and have several descendents out of wedlock. "There are 19 links where the chain could have been broken so it is statistically more probable that it happened at a time where it didn't matter. The conclusions of population genetics regarding the British Isles in turn draw upon and contribute to the larger field of understanding the history of the human occupation of the area, complementing work in linguistics, archaeology, history and genealogy. One early Y DNA study estimated a complete genetic replacement by the Anglo-Saxons,[3] whilst another argued that it was impossible to distinguish between the contributions of the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings and that the contribution of the latter may even have been higher. For King Richard III, other than the broad mt-DNA Hg J1c2c, does anyone have more specifics on the sub-Hg of J1c2c which may be connected to King Richard III? Group 2A is M253- but P215+ (see also Groups 2A and 3M) The Royal Family spans 37 generations and 1,149 years. An Anglo-Saxon male from northern England who died between the seventh and tenth centuries was determined to have belonged to haplogroup I1. It is believed to have originated with metalworking peoples from the Caucasus or Anatolia who accompanied the R1b-dominant Indo-Europeans on their conquest of Europe in the 3rd millennium BCE. I dont think I should do it, based on speculation.. Gretzinger, J., Sayer, D., Justeau, P. et al. William 1st Earl of Pembroke Marshal 1146-1219 & Isabel Clare d 1220, 9. mtDNA Haplogroup T2 came from Tsar Nicholas II 's mother - Dagmar (Princess of Denmark) b. Apart from the most obvious route across the narrowest point of the English Channel into Kent, other routes may have been important over the millennia, including a land bridge in the Mesolithic period, as well as maritime connections along the Atlantic coasts. I guess that later on, over the generations, thanks to all kinds of cousin marriages the biological Romanov blood line was re-entering anyhow into the official Tsar family "through the back door". Have any maternal haplogroups been noted for the BRF? The Neolithic introduction of farming technologies from mainland Europe is frequently proposed as a period of major change in the British Isles. William Braose 1197-1230 & Eve Marshal 1194-1246, 10. [4] A third study argued that there was no Viking influence on British populations at all outside Orkney. Yan, Shi;Tachibana, Harumasa;Wei, Lan-Hai;Yu, Ge;Wen, Shao-Qing;Wang, Chuan-Chao. PRINCE Philip's DNA helped identify the bodies of Russia's murdered royal family 75 years after their deaths. More info. Geneticist Dr Turi King, from the University of Leicester, said: What we have concluded is that there is, at its most conservative, a 99.999 per cent probability that these are indeed the remains of Richard III. These cookies do not store any personal information. Interestingly, they were able to get the Tsar's DNA from a bloodstained shirt: In 1890-1891 Nicholas II, then-heir to the throne was on an around-the-world voyage. Furthermore, testing of documented descendants of Zhu Yuanzhang would help confirm whether there is in fact a recent, common male ancestry between Zhu Xi and the Emperors of the Ming Dynasty. This page was last edited on 21 May 2017, at 13:39. You can unsubscribe at any time. Subsequent testing in 2012 on a mummified head, purportedly that of King Henri IV of France, revealed that typing of a limited number of Y-STR's showed a Y-Dna haplogroup of G2a. Haplogroup and haplotype characteristics of three of the dynasties were presented with two more dynasties noted as testable but unpublished. This led to Oppenheimer and Sykes' conclusions about the origins of the British being seriously challenged, since later research demonstrated that the majority of the DNA of much of continental Europe, including Britain and Ireland, is ultimately derived from Steppe invaders from the east rather than Iberia. In 876, a count Meingaud of Wormsgau (probably not the same man who died in 892, but at the very least a relative) and his nepos Eudes (Voto) donated one manse in Mettenheim with appurtenances to Lorsch. Their first child was named Sarah. My dna haplogroup is H1. How the Duchess of Alba could have held the Stuart crown, Queen and Prince Philip gather at tiny church for christening of Zara Phillips' daughter, Queen and Prince Philip mark 67th wedding anniversary with RAF base visit. The Firm is therefore a long and deep-rooted cultural, historical and political tie to the country. I would like to find out more on what this is. Pingback: DNAeXplain Archives General Information Articles | DNAeXplained Genetic Genealogy, So, I am a decendant of Agnes Blewitt; and Im curious to know if we are actually decendants of Henry VIII. While it was once seen as a lineage connecting Britain and Ireland to Iberia, where it is also common, it is now believed that both R1b and R1a entered Europe with Indo-European migrants likely originating around the Black Sea;[8] R1a and R1b are now the most common haplotypes in Europe. Thomas Frame 1645-1708 & Mary Rowell 1649-1707, 27. Meller, F. Daim, J. Frause and R. Risch (eds) Migration and Integration form Prehistory to the Middle Ages. In 2004 British historian John Ashdown-Hill traced a British-born woman living in Canada, Joy Ibsen (ne Brown), who is a direct maternal line descendant of Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter, a sister of Richard III of England. Haplogroup H11a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. [5] Stephen Oppenheimer and Bryan Sykes, meanwhile, claimed that the majority of the DNA in the British Isles had originated from a prehistoric migration from the Iberian peninsula and that subsequent invasions had had little genetic input. Did she get anywhere with the DNA test ? Obviously for the exact same reasons as your friend . [6] [7] Joy Ibsen died in 2008. Veronica Bravo Janet Loehrke Ramon Padilla USA TODAY Published 7:13 pm UTC Apr. As TheTalko said: "As far as their DNA goes, they could be complete imposters.". The 23andMe DNA Relatives feature does not use your haplogroup to find matches, and not all people who share a haplogroup are listed as genetic relatives. John Herbert 1404-1469 & Margred verch Lewys unk, 17. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The basic assigned haplogroup for this Group is I-M223. Specimen candidates for further testing were identified noting that some will require Ancient DNA (aDNA) recovery and analysis. Other potentially important historical periods of migration that have been subject to consideration in this field include the introduction of Celtic languages and technologies (during the Bronze and Iron Ages), the Roman era, the period of Anglo-Saxon influx, the Viking era, the Norman invasion of 1066, and the era of the European wars of religion. It reaches its peak in Europe in Kosovo at 47.5% and Greece at 30%. As opposed to large scale sampling within the autosomal DNA, Y DNA and mitochondrial DNA represent specific types of genetic descent and can therefore reflect only particular aspects of past human movement. Queen Elizabeth II is the 32nd great granddaughter of King Alfred the Great, who took the throne in 871 and ruled until 899 AD. [8][9][10] They share mtDNA haplogroup J1c2c. House of Oldenburg belonged to haplogroup R1b, Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen,,,,,,, If this is your first visit, be sure to However, Prince Philip was an H (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA) so maybe we are more closely connected on the DNA front than others. Please click on the links in the articles or to the vendors below if you are purchasing products or DNA testing. C-M401(C2b1a3a) is downstream from C-M48(C2b1a2)[4]. Whilst most of this similarity was attributed to the earlier settlement of the Anglo-Saxons, the authors of the study noted that British populations also carried a small amount of "Swedish-like" ancestry that was present in the Danish Vikings but unlikely to have been associated with the Anglo-Saxons. Nurhaci, founding father of the Qing dynasty, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup C-M401 according to DNA tests of men from northeastern China and Mongolia which revealed a unique haplotype and is estimated to be about five centuries old[1]. 2. It would be interesting to know what the mitochondrial DNA was of Elizabeths mother Anne Boleyn or what Charlemagnes male lineage was. They hold people hostage. [16], Fath Ali Shah Qajar (1772-1834), the second emperor/shah of the Qajar Dynasty of Persia belonged to haplogroup J1 with DYS388 = 13 as deducted from testing of descendants of several of his sons.[18]. Nat Commun 7, 10326 (2016). This was found to demonstrate a "profound impact" from the Anglo-Saxon migrations on the modern English gene pool, though no specific percentages were given in the study. 1) Richard III, King of England (1452-1485) has the Y-DNA of G-P287 (based on his human remains); 2) Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort (1744-1803) has the Y-DNA of R1b-U152 (based on the Y-DNA of four of his five documented male line descendants through two different sons); and, thus, 3) The 5th Duke of Beaufort and King Richard III . British Royal Family:Richard III's DNA and the Succession. Furthermore, the analysis found that Richard, contrary to how artists have depicted him, had blonde hair and blue eyes. They were supposedly descended from Robert Wright of Brook Hall, Essex, England, which allowed the Wright Surname DNA Project to isolate their paternal lineage. [1] Aisin Gioro is the name of the imperial clan of Manchu emperors of the Qing Dynasty. Robert 2nd of France Capet 972-1031 & Constance of Aries 986-1032, 3. Here is a summary of all European kings and queens (and crown princes) whose haplogroup can be deduced from the testing of a relative. Later projects began to use autosomal DNA to gather a more complete picture of an individual's genome. This is a rapidly advancing field and the technology for reading and interpreting ancient and forensic DNA evidence is constantly evolving. I hope you can help me with information in this question. Most of your genetic relatives will actually . The genetics of some visibly white (European) people in England suggests that they are "descended from north African, Middle Eastern and Roman clans". Additionally, populations from all areas of Britain and Ireland were found to have 34% Norwegian Viking ancestry. Z306 is the marker where the most recent SNP (single nucleotide . Prince Charles succession: Could Prince Charles refuse the throne? More interesting than the royal personages listed are those that havent yet made the list, like Elizabeth I or Charlemagne. In my past 13 years of researching my family tree, I found that I am descended from the Wessex and Plantagenet lines. Errol L Campbell 1902-1986 & Mary Lou Frame 1909-1985, -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------, Some 18 Months ago (abt 2015) British Royal DNA made this Subject Interesting, N129652 Michael WILSON has given his permission to report the following extract from his Family Tree, B273628 M. Davis has given permission for the following to be posted in this project, Thomas AP Morgan 1443 & Jane Herbert 1457-1478,,,, House of Oldenburg belonged to haplogroup R1b, Elizabeth Angela Marguerite (Bowes-Lyon) Windsor, Yuri I of Galicia (1252-1308), King of Galicia-Volhynia (or King of Rus'), Andrew of Galicia (?-1323), King of Galicia-Volhynia, Lev II of Galicia (?-1323), King of Galicia-Volhynia. It would make sense from the old kingdoms of Egypt (BCE1400 to 1900), then Israel (rising to prominence in BCE 1000 with King David), then the Babylonians in BCE 600, followed by the Medes and Persians BCE 400, Greeks BCE 300 and finally Rome/ Italy BCE 150 to 5th century AD- would be dominated by Haplo Es. John of Gaunt Because at this point everyone would want to know the answer. Groundbreaking News on the Origine of the Qajars', in: Qajar Studies VIII (2008)". Historical and toponymic evidence suggests a substantial Viking migration to many parts of northern Britain; however, particularly in the case of the Danish settlers, differentiating their genetic contribution to modern populations from that of the Anglo-Saxons has posed difficulties. 8 June 2017 Y-DNA of the British Monarchy (2017) by Brad Larkin . Prince Joao, who also suffered from the genetic challenges created by inbreeding, was considered incompetent for the job of regent in 1799. Thank you and feel free to email me. [8][9] This research has also suggested that subsequent migrations, such as that of the Anglo-Saxons, did have large genetic effects (though these effects varied from place to place). Of the 26 monarchies around the world today, few have had as much impact as the British royal family members. [16], According to Olalde et al. With the advent of DNA analysis modern populations were sampled for mitochondrial DNA to study the female line of descent and Y chromosome DNA to study male descent. Although he would have walked with one shoulder higher than the other, his deformity could easily have been concealed beneath clothing and armour. On 4 February 2013, University . And likewise, any descendant of Edward's would share the same Y chromosome as Richard, and so a match would prove his royal descent. Very interesting, but if you isolate the Ydna, all these families are related to each other, mainly through Victoria, as she placed her many daughters quite wisely throughout Europe. I think that you should be a bit careful with this way of proceeding because Y chromosomes can easy be given by other men than "supposed to be fathers" especially if they just figure on old papers. Cultural and geographical origins of these dynasties were considered as context for their DNA haplogroups. Hawass, Z.; Ismail, S.; Selim, A.; Saleem, S. N.; Fathalla, D.; Wasef, S.; Gad, A. "[22], Another study, using modern autosomal data, found a large degree of genetic similarity between populations from northeastern Ireland, southern Scotland and Cumbria. Count Trobetskoy - Haplogroup T HVR1 126C-169Y-294T-296T. I am asking on behalf of a friend and he is also descendant from the king and a French mistress . Princess Anne has 'history of shared banter' with Jackie Stewart, Anne Boleyn 'not given coffin as execution would not go ahead', Archaeology: Shipwreck 'mystery unravelled in Arctic wasteland', Marie Antoinette did NOT tell hungry masses let them eat cake, King Richard III: The analysis found that Richard had blonde hair and blue eyes, History news: Richard's skeleton was first found in 2012 and identified in 2013, Royal Family tree: A brief insight into the complicated nature of The Firm's long lineage, Royal grave: Richard now rests in Leicester Cathedral, Queen Mothers ruthlessness towards Queen's beloved nanny unveiled, Royal fury: 'Extraordinary intervention' made after The Crown outrage, Charles I 'should have been rescued from evil' not beheaded, Sussex dukedom will have 'special meaning' to Meghan amid titles row, Royal tragedy: King Henry I's son 'partied until finding grave'. An important outcome as a result of Brad Michael Little's research[14] is that the haplogroup of two individuals of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha shows the royal House of Wettin to be downstream of R-DF98 (a branch of R1b-U106). Dr. Turi King has this info and I understand it is to be published in NATURE. This page has been accessed 40,364 times. Gilbert Clare 1100-1148 & Isabel Beaumont 1101-1172, 7. These people exhibiting the Beaker culture were likely an offshoot of the Corded Ware culture, as they had little genetic affinity to the Iberian Beaker people. [15], King Louis XVI of France from a genetic test on blood in a cloth purported to have been collected at his beheading and maintained in an ornate gourd decorated with French Revolution themes. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. In Britain, it has been linked to Scandinavian immigration during periods of Viking settlement. Possibly Dianas line. Yes Haplo Rs appear to be DNA from invading viking nations but amongst the royals and nobles descending from ancient kings, would make sense for Haplo Es to dominate the gene pool. Yet scientists found that the DNA did not match, suggesting that someone, somewhere between Edward III and his descendants was illegitimate. 1847. Princess Margaret pictured with Peter Townsend (left) in South Africa during the royal tour, 1947. Gretzinger, J., Sayer, D., Justeau, P. et al. The object of our Famous DNA pages is to provide information for educational purposes and interest. Given the sample size, however, this result cannot be regarded as conclusive and further testing of other documented descendants of Zhu Xi is necessary to help confirm or refute this finding. Listed Alleles of the "Manchu" cluster can be found below. There are two mtDNA Haplogroups that have been identified, so far - T2 and H, that are connected with women from the European "Royalty class". But new evidence released today shows a break in the male 'Y chromosome' line - a newly discovered illegitimacy - which brings into question the entire history of the British monarchy since the reign of Henry IV. Joy Ibsen's mtDNA sequence: 16069T, 16126C, 73G, 146C, 185A, 188G, 263G, 295T, 315.1C in Ashdown-Hill, John (2010). Who knows, this just might be relevant to you! Experts are almost 100 per cent sure that the skeleton with a twisted spine found in a Leicester car park in 2012 is that of the last Plantagenet king. Here is a summary of all European kings and queens (and crown princes) whose haplogroup can be deduced from the testing of a relative. & Margred verch Morgan 1477-1531, 24. Cultural and geographical origins of these dynasties were considered as context for their DNA haplogroups. This was interpreted as reflecting the legacy of the Plantation of Ulster in the 17th century.[23]. In an article recently published, Bradley Larkin has done an excellent job of sorting through the various DNA results from different companies and locations and assembling them together for a paper on British Royal DNA titled Y-DNA of the British Monarchy, A Review on the occasion of the birth of the Prince of Cambridge. Now new research has found a chink in the Tudor ancestry of Queen Elizabeth II whose right to the throne can be traced all the way back to King Henry VII, via James I and Mary Queen of Scots. Personally I know that Emmelie is not lying, due to the fact that members of our family strongly believe that Maurice De Forest actually IS the son of king Edward. Research concerning the most important routes of migration into the British Isles is the subject of debate. The Anglo-Saxon migration and the formation of the early English gene pool. [32] The men are not regarded as phenotypically African and there are no documents, anecdotal evidence or oral traditions suggesting that the Revis family has African ancestry. Well, to simplify, according to the International Society of Genetic Genealogy, a haplogroup is a genetic population group of people who share a common ancestor on either their paternal or maternal line. Both males and females can find their maternal haplogroup. Nature 585, 390396 (2020). [30] An Anglo-Saxon male from northern England who died between the seventh and tenth centuries was determined to have belonged to haplogroup I1. British Royal Family Books Showing 1-50 of 193 The Palace Papers: Inside the House of Windsor - the Truth and the Turmoil (Hardcover) by Tina Brown (shelved 7 times as british-royal-family) avg rating 4.08 12,007 ratings published 2022 Want to Read Rate this book 1 of 5 stars 2 of 5 stars 3 of 5 stars 4 of 5 stars 5 of 5 stars Yes, no doubts for the family lineage after Paul I. i can Give some advice first test the brother for YDNA and mtDNA next find which house Edward VII belongs to I took a look for you and then you need his near house that is connected and tested in this case Mountbatan as you have Albert Each build is a major update to the tree. Saturday, 4th March 2023See today's front and back pages, download the newspaper, order back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive. Ross P. Byrne, Rui Martiniano, Lara M. Cassidy, Matthew Carrigan, Garrett Hellenthal, Orla Hardiman, Daniel G. Bradley, and Russell L. McLaughlin, "Insular Celtic population structure and genomic footprints of migration," 25 January 2018, Schiffels, S. and Sayer, D. (2017) "Investigating Anglo-Saxon migration history with ancient and modern DNA," H.H. Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2016, Version: 11.303, Date: 5 November 2016. Birth: 17.8.1786 in Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld: Death: 16.3.1861 in Frogmore, Windsor (74 years) Father: Duke Franz of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld: Mother: Countess Auguste Reuss of Ebersdorf But it could spark numerous claims to the British from Wikimedia Commons. [16] The sample was tested at two laboratories with the same results. From this, it was calculated that the modern English population has approximately 6% Danish Viking ancestry, with Scottish and Irish populations having up to 16%. [6][7] Joy Ibsen died in 2008. 6: List of British Monarchs and Patriarchs 1154-1603 Tudor and Plantagenet dynasties with their monarchs and major patriarchs 5. ThomasFraeme 1470-? [24], Sykes also designated five main Y-DNA haplogroups for various regions of Britain and Ireland.[6][25]. Population genomics of the Viking world. After taking a DNA sample from the skeleton, the researchers discovered something odd. In . According to a genetic study in December 2012, Ramesses III, second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty and considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1a, mainly found in West Africa, Central Africa, Southwest Africa and Southeast Africa. Britain & Scandinavia Kings & Queens of England or Great Britain Edward IV (1442-1483) => J1c2c (mtDNA) Richard III (1452-1485) => J1c2c (mtDNA) James I (1566-1625) => R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)