return false; All of the code requirements regarding minimum and maximum heights and clearnces are based on the finishes and not from the SSL ( Top of Slab) or SFL (Top of floor screeding or concerete topping). }, Hope this adds to your lesson plan, or at least your wealth of trivia! Also, whichFloor Level serves as the basis of setting the other levels in a storey? Thats why A.F.F. Whats the Difference Between Commercial and Residential Construction? $(image).replaceWith('

'); } title: 'Quote Left', $('a.arc_flag_entry').click(function(e) url: '/post_comment'+suffix+'/' + (new Date().getTime()) + arc_pathname(document.location.pathname), type: 'hidden', $(textarea).focus(function() For the installation of controls like light switches and mixing valves. For me, when architects do their designs and working drawings, I always think about the 3 items - design, conteact docs and workmanship/constructability. I am an architect. They are approved by local governing bodies and by clients. } $(document).on('click', "a.arc_reply_comment", function() plugins: ['source', 'imagemanager'], args: ['p', 'class', 'chat-answer', 'toggle'] From the materials that will be used for the inside of the building to the different materials and elements that you will find on the outside, everything will be outlined clearly in the architectural abbreviations on the blueprint. { what does aff mean in architectural drawings? or G.F.I. function arc_remove_editor(el) { data: data, And what can we do as designers to help? }, { Measurements and equations are a big part of this. var id = $(this).attr('href'); architectural demolition sheet shall remain intact and in good working order. formattingAdd: { disableNativeSpellChecker: false, In the construction industry, it is usually 6 to 10 mm difference from the original level. e.preventDefault(); "pullquote-left": { /* displayPredicate: function() The Cooper Union Promotes Russian Architecture. if( typeof( arc_remove_editor_423 ) == 'function' ) { } RO for me. { $("#reply_body_html").autogrow(); The size, orientation, and perceived mass of elements all play a role. Required fields are marked *. }, Arch sheets reference FFL. Get the top AFF abbreviation related to Architecture. { { This is where all the building element finish levels are referenced from. As an Amazon Associate, Archtoolbox earns from qualifying purchases. var elem = document.createElement('script'); language: 'en', 19th-21st Century Art. In past, I've always used FFL (top of the floor finish) as my point of reference to determine the SSL or the underside of joists. The few firms I've been with it's always been FF at 100'-0" and it referenced TOS. window.location.reload(); }, args: ['h3', 'class', 'subheading', 'toggle'] { //disableObjectResizing: true, window.location.reload(); title: 'Caption', type: 'GET', if (result.status == 'success') It was used so that if the minus sign was forgotten or missing, there would be no issue. The following is a list of abbreviations found on a typical set of construction drawings designed to help you interpret information on your blueprints. Find number: "FN" meaning "find number" refers to the ordinal number that gives an ID tag to one of the constituents in a parts list . Check them out below. CKEDITOR.replace(el , { else if ($(action_referer).hasClass('arc_ban_user')) $.ajax({ Where a typical condition is noted, it should be understood that similar conditions are the same unless specifically detailed or noted otherwise. toolbar: [['Bold', 'Italic', 'BulletedList','NumberedList', 'Link', 'Image', 'Source']], is a commonly used acronym found on construction drawings. In many cases, the elevation of the finish floor is a benchmark elevation, with other dimensions noted as AFF or above this finish floor height. And youll also find home appliances and control panels on this list, such as water heater (Wtr. { { $(window).resize(detectOverlapping); Also a sign that the American government messed up when the rest of the world was switching to metric and they failed. } toolbar: [['Bold', 'Italic', 'BulletedList','NumberedList', 'Link', 'Image']], { Note that CAD programs will allow you to set up your lines in an infinite range of colours on the screen. - Above Finished Floor; A.F.G. When you start a design and putting that in working drawings, architects use FFL as the basis in designing a structure structure or the interior space. removePlugins: 'liststyle,tabletools,contextmenu', } Minimize smudging In order for hand drawn architectural drawings to convey their meaning, they need to be neat. else if(data.status == '30') If your priority is FFL, use FFL. Correct me if Iam wrong, FFL refers to the level at the top surface of floor finish. { pillars of eternity fighter best skills . } Mike. An architect can help you understand the potential of a house before you even make an offer. data = $.parseJSON(data); { "subheading": { }); buttons: ['bold', 'italic', 'lists', 'link', 'image'], Idk why so many F to confuse ppl, if is not too complicated project, I just do: FFL/T.O.F.F:finish floor level, top of finish floor. { And if the contractor was on the design team I may give half a shit. ), and fire alarm control panel (FACP). So that you won't be in the dark when you look at your architectural plans, find out some of the basic measurement and technical . guardians of the galaxy game dlc 13th Birthday Cakes for Girls. toolbarCanCollapse: false }); imageUpload: function(image, json) link.attr({ type: 'text/css', rel: 'stylesheet', href: '/css/archinect.iphone.css?1', }); $(user_html).find(".UserName").css("display", "inline"); This conversation came about when I had a kick off meeting with our team lead. @atelier nobody, I think there's a grey area to adding notes on shop drawings or submittals. $("#comment_modal").remove(); scayt_autoStartup: false, pasteInlineTags: ['strong', 'br', 'b', 'em', 'i'], //toolbar: [['Bold', 'Italic', 'BulletedList', 'Link', 'Image', 'Youtube', 'Vimeo' ]], Makes sense why I've seen it with the 100'-0" base elevation in drawings over 90 years old. if (action_referer != null) type: 'POST', This is an instance where a client will purchase something, but will have the contractor install it (like appliances or closet systems). { imageUploadError: function(json, xhr) } url: '/flag_comment', modal_data = co['flag']; Canada uses both units. If all minimum clear heights are reference from SFL or SSL, how would you comply to the minimum requirements when there's about a 25mm difference between the SSL and the FFL? var form = $(this); args: ['blockquote', 'class', 'pullquote-left', 'toggle'] $('.menu').click(checkMenuDelay); $(point).hide(); } There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. args: ['blockquote', 'class', 'pullquote-left', 'toggle'] if (data.reaction_users.hasOwnProperty(key)) var reply_container = $(".arc_reply_comment_box").parents(".ReplyComments"); return this.each(function() "figcaption": { Imagine that the ceiling below you is transparent (see-through). A ceiling height of 8' is not a true 8' at a granite floor finished area compared to the ceiling height at the exposed cement finish area. Opinion and Discussion. }, { resize_enabled: true, // removePlugins: 'elementspath,scayt,menubutton,contextmenu', alert(json.message); ATTENTION: We are experiencing technical difficulties with our login and checkout systems. Drawings, Engineering. }, }, All rights reserved. Building architects and designers are responsible for communicating countless things about a buildings construction: where it should be located on the lot, how it should be built, what materials should be used, what it should look like, and where the MEP systems that make it function go. 5. }); Whether youre a budding architect or just looking to build your own house and want to be up-to-date on the lingo, understanding all the different architectural drawing abbreviations can be important. //disableObjectResizing: true, .Thread img Architectural drawing acronyms. } $.fn.autogrow.resize = function(textarea) To indicate how low a pendant light fixture or ceiling fan should be hung from the ceiling. OFCI Owner Furnished and Contractor Installed. As much as feasible, we try and pull out as many acronyms as possible in our drawings. All of our drawings and documents are filled with them. arc_comment_head_actions(); "pullquote-right": { var OneSignal = window.OneSignal || []; }); }, All rights reserved. } }, } function detectOverlapping() minHeight: 300, link.attr({ type: 'text/css', rel: 'stylesheet', href: '/css/archinect.firefox.mac.css?1', }); }); args: ['p', 'class', 'figcaption', 'toggle'] name: 'arc_token', $(parent).find('.rating-count[rel=' + key + ']').attr('original-title', data.reaction_users[key]); title: 'Chat Question', //disableObjectResizing: true, There are a slew more; a quick web search (finds over 3,300 of them! var id =arc_pathname( $(this).attr('href'), true); plugins:'a11yhelp,basicstyles,bidi,blockquote,button,clipboard,colorbutton,colordialog,dialogadvtab,div,enterkey,entities,filebrowser,find,flash,font,format,forms,horizontalrule,iframe,image,indent,justify,link,list,maximize,newpage,pagebreak,pastefromword,pastetext,popup,preview,print,removeformat,resize,save,smiley,showblocks,showborders,sourcearea,stylescombo,table,specialchar,tab,templates,toolbar,undo,wysiwygarea,wsc,archinect,wysiwygarea', SFL refers to the level at the top surface of the floor screeding or concrete topping. if (!$("#featured_comments_section").length){ if ($.trim($(this).val()) != '') }, We do the exact same thing as you do, we just use 100'-0" as our base elevation callout. data = $("#temp_append").clone(); $.fn.autogrow = function() Click File > Open > Browse. modal_data = co['ban']; linkShowAdvancedTab: false, } When folks are setting out on a design journey, many, but not all of them, come to us knowing exactly what they want to do with their project. A Request For Information is sent from the general contractor to the architect (usually) and is just what it sounds like. Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. This means architects and engineers need to maximize the space the best way they can. CKEDITOR.replace(el , { url: '/reaction', Making your blueprint can be exciting, especially if you are working with your contractor or architect to build a new house or add on to your current real estate project. $("#arc_comment_" + + ">.Top").prepend('
Featured Comment
'); customConfig : '', minHeight: 300, "pullquote-centered": { We geolocate our Revit models & so FF is at whatever it actually is above sea level (aka Survey Point. setTimeout(detectOverlapping, 200); }); } It could be present in structural drawing, architectural drawing, electrical drawing, machine, etc. { else if(status == 'flag') This process may be different with wood constructon but, most of the time, it can be applied as well. linkShowAdvancedTab: false, $('#' + el).redactor({ appId: "9b46cc1e-e63b-4f52-b5c6-2283f5ba4cb4", } }, Above Finish Floor AFF - Above Finish Floor. } Use finishes for dimensions and make damned sure your details, schedules, and assemblies are dimensionally correct and provide enough information to eliminate possible RFIs. callbacks: e.preventDefault(); Now that youve mastered the architectural arts, you might want to give electrical abbreviations a try, especially when you talk with the electrician. Then I give dimensions to things like grab bars as "AFF" - above finish floor. This wall of text creams to me: "lack of construction experience". The information displayed on a floorplan includes typographic features, the rights-of-way, property lines, easements, and north arrow lines. } } } // if so, ad the fixed class $("").insertAfter($(point)); Balance - A design concept, where elements in the landscape are in "balance" with one another. Copyright 2011-2023, Board & Vellum. Here's a partial list of some of the acronyms you'll see in architectural drawings. { }, title: 'Quote Right', { } }); } toolbar: [['Bold', 'Italic', 'BulletedList','NumberedList' , 'Link', 'Image','FontSize','TextColor']], Above Finished Floor. $(user_html).find(".UserInfo").remove(); 3. e.preventDefault(); '': suffix; // removePlugins: 'elementspath,scayt,menubutton,contextmenu', I will say that I've seen drawings as far back as the 30's use 100'-0" as the base elevation. } Structure will always come first since it gets installed before the finishes - obviously - so you can't expect your formwork trade or carpenter to check your finishes schedule to gauge the thickness of finish. This means that everything from the bathroom to the courtyard needs to be drawn to scale and considered carefully. }); This means something is existing and not to be touched. else What I meant was if the 1st floor is a few mm higher than the street level ( being the datum point or the reference grade . $("#arc_comment_" + + ">.Top>.Right>.CommentModerate>ul>li>.BlockingAction").html(co.block.text).attr("rel", "block").attr("original-title", co.block.title); featured_comment_counter++; { { $(textarea).css('height', height); Architectural Floor Plan Symbols and Hatches, Plumbing and Fire Protection Abbreviations, Fabrics and Textiles for Interiors and Furniture, Best LEED Green Associate Exam Prep Materials, Ethylene Propylene Diene M-Class (Roofing), Heating, Ventilating, And Air Conditioning. Notes on shop drawings are only additional comments to the contract docs and usually a cause of many e-mails $('a.arc_edit_comment').hide(); Overall, the purpose of this post was to find out if there's a "set-in-stone" rule or standard that architects should follow when it comes to "which goes 1st" when indicating your levels (FFL, SFL or SSL); and to know the different reasoning behind it. $("html, body").animate( arc_editor_423( $('.editor').attr('id') ); Structures built in accordance with such principles.". { If you experience an issue, please check back later. This is highly subjective. Make a decision. $("form.arc_ajax_comment .CommentForm").slideDown(); } "pullquote-left": { toolbarCanCollapse: false Product - does it have a competitive advantage a. */ } $(container).find(".ReplyComments").append('
'); Hence, they can be considered a visual map used during the various stages of construction, and incorporate detailed technical and architectural drawings of a structure. if ($.client.os == 'iPhone/iPod') { //OneSignal.log.setLevel('trace') pasteInlineTags: ['strong', 'br', 'b', 'em', 'i'], We don't to much residential work. and if(suffix != '_ios') "subheading": { scayt_autoStartup: false, Get the latest updates about new courses, special trainings, resources, and more. These sheets will usually be numbered " A ", such as "A 001", or A1-X, A2-X, A3-X and so forth. See all Fine art. lineNumbers: true, var height = lineHeight * (lineCount + 1); Of course, the nice thing about standards is that there are so many to choose from Can you ellaborate what are those variables that would affect the design, working drawings or constructability of it? To save space on blueprints and simplify information sharing, designers use a set of abbreviations and acronyms. $("#comment_moderation").modal(); If you see a note saying 8-0 AFF, it means that whatever is being referenced is 8 feet and zero inches above the surface of the finished floor (whatever you walk on, e.g. else { url: '/post_comment'+suffix+'/' + (new Date().getTime()) + arc_pathname(document.location.pathname), } They are typically reinforced with rebar during construction, and often are a stand-in for poured concrete. Correct me if Iam wrong, FFL refers to the level at the top surface of floor finish. You can email the site owner to let them know you were blocked. type: 'POST', } $('#' + el).redactor({ $('#arc_new_comment').hide(); args: ['p', 'class', 'figcaption', 'toggle'] var id = arc_pathname($(point).attr('href'), true); He learned to build and weld while working on the farm with his grandad, and after earning a degree in Welding and Materials Engineering, he spent the next 10 years working in the heavy construction building everything from robots to ships to offshore oil . $(this).modal(); 8-). Privacy Policy. Visualize the ceiling over the floor below. pasteInlineTags: ['strong', 'br', 'b', 'em', 'i'], So the title page of the architectural package includes an abbreviations block to help you decode these custom abbreviations as you read the plans. "chat-question": { pasteBlockTags: ['ul', 'ol', 'li', 'p'], title: 'Quote Right', While I get it why some uses the Opening CL. }, From my understanding, why FFL is always the point of reference in a storey is due to the following design reasons: 1. modal_data = co['show']; $.modal.close(); var status = $(this).attr('rel'); }, { imageUpload: '/redactor/upload', } $(point).html(co.hide.text).attr("rel", 25).attr("original-title", co.hide.title); success: function(data, status, xhr) $('#arc_comment_'+id).replaceWith(data); if ($(reply_container).find(".Line").length == 0) if (($.client.os == 'Mac') && ($.client.browser == 'Chrome')) { To read and understand blueprints properly, it is important to have a thorough knowledge of all the line types. $(parent).find('.rating-count[rel=' + key + ']').html(value).show(); @SneakyPeteI believe you are refering to "those" contractors. While a Floor Plan is looking at the space, as though you are looking down to the floor, an RCP . if (($.client.os == 'Windows') && ($.client.browser == 'Chrome')) { Typically a powder room with a sink, but every now and then I see a true WC, featuring a door and a toilet and thats it. { On the other hand, for new constructon, I do both - CL of stud and show finish to finish wall dimension for areas where certain clearances are required. removePlugins: 'liststyle,tabletools,contextmenu', after the IFC dwg. allowedContent: 'p br b i ol ul li strong em center; a[*]{*}(*); img[*]; span[*]{*}(*); iframe[*]', buttons: ['bold', 'italic', 'lists', 'link', 'image'], } $("a.arc_reply_comment").show(); action_referer = null; var lineCount = Math.ceil(textarea.value.length / (textarea.cols + 20)); (function() { var id = arc_pathname($(this).attr('href'), true); }); $(document).on('submit', 'form.arc_ajax_comment', function(e) formatting: ['p'], Typically, the contractor needs information to complete a detail, or order something. scayt_autoStartup: false, $('reply below ').insertAfter($(referrer)); The additional layers of the finish floor may not seem like a lot but can add up, especially when a topping like Gyp-Crete is installed. function arc_comment_head_actions(suffix) $(document).ready(function() removePlugins: 'liststyle,tabletools,contextmenu', }); When you start a design and putting that in working drawings, architects use FFL as the basis in designing a structure structure or the interior space. var menuheight = $('.MainMenu').height(); */ } - Anchor Bolt; A/C - Air Conditioner; A.D. - Access Door; ADD. The Difference Between Block Foundations and Poured Foundations. success: function(data, status, xhr) }); result = $.parseJSON(result); return false; $(document).ready(detectOverlapping); height: 300, { $(document).ready(function () { { modal_data = co['ignore']; { var link = $(''); Typical specs are 9 ft ceilings (ff to finished ceiling), 7'0" window headers from ff and 6'8" door header above ff. You need to consider the sequencing of construction when establishing your levels. imageUploadFields: extra_params, If you enjoy reading our blog as much as we enjoy writing it, that just makes our day! $('.TooltipUser').tipsy({gravity: 'w', html: true, offset: 10, delayOut: 500}); 2. As for the acceptable tolerances, there is a level of precision that the Architects expect from the contractors. $(".FeaturedComments").remove(); } { FYI, I am very well versed with the processes in constructing a building as I've worked for a GC doing a design-build for years before I join the Archi firm; and took part in planning and execution of various trades from the start of the construction up to the turn-over of the project. 3. buttons: ['html', 'format', 'bold', 'italic', 'underline', 'lists', 'link', 'image'], if (status == 'ignore') pasteBlockTags: ['ul', 'ol', 'li', 'p'], args: ['blockquote', 'class', 'pullquote-right', 'toggle'] $.fn.autogrow.resize(textarea); $('body').append($(comment_modal).html()); Here's a typical architecture drawing with a smattering of abbreviations and their actual meanings. Neither do I, as floor finish could change numerous times, and I don't want a hinkey number for my slab, unless we're depressing the slab. else title: 'Quote Left', }, { BFF may mean Best Friends Forever, . Is it SSL is given first then you figure out the SFL then the FFL or the other way around, FFL is set first then the SFL then the SSL? } $("#featured_comments_section").append(''); { resize_dir: 'vertical', arc_editor_423($('form.arc_ajax_comment .editor').attr('id')); allowedContent: 'p br b i ol ul li strong em center; a[*](*); img[*]; iframe[*]', $('#StickyBannerNew').parent().css('height', ColBHeight); "chat-answer": { $(touch + ">.Top>.Right>.CommentModerate>ul>li>.BlockingAction").html(co.block.text).attr("rel", "block").attr("original-title", co.block.title); Conference : International Conference The Memory of the World in the Digital Age: Digitization and Preservation, Vancouver, Canada, 2012 Corporate author : UNESCO Not only will you find abbreviations for "excavate" and the "property line," but you'll explore the different floor plan abbreviations like "RM" and "WIC.". So, here is a handy (if limited) guide to some of the acronyms you'll see the most frequently. success: function(data, status, xhr){ $(this).prepend(animation_clone); I do not even bother thinking about the SFL. if($(this).is('.login_trigger')) return false; { modal_data = co['unfeature']; $(this).attr('href', full_modal_url); Engineering drawing abbreviations and symbols are used to communicate and detail the characteristics of an . My stock drawings however specify the ceiling height at 9'2" (sub floor to ceiling height) and a window header at 7'4" above the sub-floor. type: 'POST', var referrer = $(this); He learned to build and weld while working on the farm with his grandad, and after earning a degree in Welding and Materials Engineering, he spent the next 10 years working in the heavy construction building everything from robots to ships to offshore oil rigs before transitioning to residential construction. }, { success: function(data, status, xhr) But in construction, there could be several reference points from which a vertical dimension could be taken. //plugins:'a11yhelp,basicstyles,bidi,blockquote,button,clipboard,colorbutton,colordialog,dialogadvtab,div,enterkey,entities,filebrowser,find,flash,font,format,forms,horizontalrule,htmldataprocessor,iframe,image,indent,justify,keystrokes,link,list,maximize,newpage,pagebreak,pastefromword,pastetext,popup,preview,print,removeformat,resize,save,smiley,showblocks,showborders,sourcearea,stylescombo,table,specialchar,tab,templates,toolbar,undo,wysiwygarea,wsc,vimeo,youtube', })(jQuery); { $('.arc_reply_comment_box').show(); var reaction = $(this).attr('rel'); }); args: ['blockquote', 'class', 'pullquote-center', 'toggle'] plugins:'a11yhelp,basicstyles,bidi,blockquote,button,clipboard,colorbutton,colordialog,dialogadvtab,div,enterkey,entities,filebrowser,find,flash,font,format,forms,horizontalrule,htmldataprocessor,iframe,image,indent,justify,keystrokes,link,list,maximize,newpage,pagebreak,pastefromword,pastetext,popup,preview,print,removeformat,resize,save,smiley,showblocks,showborders,sourcearea,stylescombo,table,specialchar,tab,templates,toolbar,undo,wysiwygarea,wsc,archinect', /* { 4. articles. language: 'en', else if (status == '15') what does aff mean in architectural drawings?html5 interactive animation best army base in germany is dr abraham wagner married is dr abraham wagner married Contemporary Art . The most common scenario where this acronym is important is when workers install elements during rough-in. } //forcePasteAsPlainText: true, This label is often used on drawings to describe elevations. These are not firm set standards, just common lingo of the business. dxf file on your computer, and then double-click it to open it. Affiliate DisclosureThe links that lead to products on this page are affiliate links. $("#comment_moderation .ModalTitle h1").html(modal_data.title); }); Our GC actually get super pissy when dimensions are not to grids tho.
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