Listen old fellow, listen for em, bring them home. Whadjuk Noongar Boodjar. "The doorway to WA is on Wadjuk Country, and what we want is that people understand clearly they are on Wadjuk people's country." Ted Wilkes (2017) Whadjuk is the name of the dialectal group from the Perth area. A "Welcome to Country" also reinforces . and Gioia, P. Species Richness and Endemism in the Western Australian Flora. Yagan was born circa 1795 and died in July 1833. ", Specific: "Id like to begin by acknowledging the Traditional Owners of the land on which we meet today, the (people) of the (nation) and pay my respects to Elders past and present.". It can be given by both non-Indigenous people and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It was known as the Mandura (Mandurah derives its name from this activity) which was a type of fair or meeting place where goods or presents were exchanged amongst the Noongar in the south-west during the Bunuru or summer season. The Joondalup region is part of Mooro country and is an important place for indigenous people. A Glance at the Manners, and Language of the Aboriginal Inhabitants of Western Australia; With a Short Vocabulary, Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal. This is the important part of the river, of the whole Collie River and the Preston River and the Brunswick River, because he created all them rivers and all the waters but here is the most important because this is where he rest. It is the resting place of the Ngangungudditj walgu, the hairy faced snake. Mirram the Kangaroo and Warreen the Wombat. We acknowledge that Murdoch University is situated on the lands of the Whadjuk and Binjareb Noongar people. The Whadjuk people are part of a larger group that have existed in the South-West of Western Australia (WA) for more than 50,000 years, known by their common language: Nyoongar. Wort koorl deman, that means go away grandmother. Translated into English this would be maam = men,yonga = kangarooand ngardanginy = hunting. What other important places does Noel describe? In a dispatch of British Parliamentary papers from Western Australia in 1840, Hutt wrote it is only an act of fair justice to the first inhabitants or discoverers of any spot, to retain the name that they may have conferred upon it.[vi]. This, our Beeliargu, is the river people. Alinta. Noongar people also have many names for places and towns throughout our boodja. Stay connected and be the first to hear about new experiences, events and special offers. The Welcome to Country was performed by Noongar men Barry Winmar and Dr Richard Walley. Many people however, rejected citizenship because they were not prepared to give up their Noongar culture. Acknowledgement of Country Fremantle itself we'd call 'Walyalup' and Walyalup your lungs. I used to listen to those stories and I remember [grandmother Yurleen Garlett] telling one of her nephews a story that happened there. Share your own Rottnest Island experiences. Coming home. Some well known places in Whadjuk boodja are: Wadjemup, now known as Rottnest Island; Ngooloormayup, now known as Carnac Island; Meeandip, now known as Garden Island; Gargangara north of Armadale; Goolamrup, now known as Kelmscott; Dyarlgarro Beelya, now named the Canning River; and Derbal Yiragan, the Perth estuary waters. Also used during ceremonies. The Noongar people have lived in the south-west corner of Western Australia for at least 45,000 years. We welcome you to the land of the Whadjuk people which we have called home since the beginning of time. Privacy Statement, 2021 Go Cultural Aboriginal Tours & Experiences. As someone who comes from a mixed background, Sharna has always been passionate about bringing people together and bringing Aboriginal culture into mainstream learning for the benefit of all Australians and visitors in this amazing place we call home, Boorloo (Perth). Mooly is your nose, dwonk is your ear, marr is your hand and ngorrolick is your teeth I love going to Badgaling, we get gum from the trees, look for yonga (kangaroo) when I am in the bush I feel free.Bianca, 9 years old, interviewed February 2013, SWALSC, Manna gum collected from Ballardong booja. Nulbarn: a rope-like girdle made from possum hair, wound around the waist and used to carry the kylie (boomerang), tabba (knife), kodja (axe or axe heads) and the dowak (throwing stick). Aborigines of Australia. Whadjuk means \"The guardians of the link between the land and the sea\", this link being the Swan River. Welcome to Country enables the Darug to give their blessing for the event and is an important mark of respect for local traditional owners. These provide knowledge, transferable skills and employability to build relationships between industry, government and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups. Bridge (ed. A Whadjuk Noongar contact database of businesses is created and these partnerships are acknowledged formally. We come here to this place here, Minningup, the Collie River, to share the story of this area or what makes it so special. The kurrlongurr children who were taken away to missions the Stolen Generations were forbidden from speaking our Noongar language. Noongar people may refer to Kings Park as Karra katta or the hill of the spiders or Geenunginy Bo, the place for looking a long way. Welcome to Boola Katitjin - our sustainable, inclusive and tech-enabled learning space. Nguny djurapin, nguny koort djurapin wanganiny noonakoort. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. I begin by acknowledging we are meeting on Noongar land and I pay tribute to our traditional owners. The common language between neighbouring Noongar dialectal groups enable us to communicate and trade. Some locations are particularly special to the Whadjuk people, such as a cave along the Derbal Yarrigan (the Swan River) where it's believed the creation serpent lives. Journal of Biogeography 27: 1257-1268. A Welcome to Country is delivered by Traditional Owners. Because you get one linguist or an Aboriginal person and another person writing it down and another person reading it, doesnt necessarily come out the way it was written down, and then it creates a bit of confusion but we all generally know what we are talking about.Doc Renolds in van den Berg, Collard, Harben and Byrne, Nyungar Tourism in the South West of Western Australia, Murdoch University, 2005. [iii]George Fletcher Moore, A Descriptive Vocabulary of the Language in Common Use Amongst the Aborigines of Western Australia (London: Orr, 1842),,p.68, [iv] Bates, D. Aboriginal Perth: Bibbulmun Biographies and Legends. Explore our wide range of courses to find the perfect one for you. Noongar language has been identified as a single language consisting of 14 different dialects, however, being an oral language means there are several ways to spell and pronounce . Welcome to Noongar country. Koort is heart. Former Opponents Discuss | UFC 285, Tabatha Ricci Fight Week Interview | UFC 285: Jones vs Gane, Farid Basharat, Part 1 | Dana Whites Contender Series: Next Level, Valentina Shevchenko Fight Week Interview | UFC 285, Cody Garbrandt Fight Week Interview | UFC 285, Mateusz Gamrot Fight Week Interview | UFC 285, Alexa Grasso Fight Week Interview | UFC 285, Cameron Saaiman Fight Week Interview | UFC 285, Jalin Turner Fight Week Interview | UFC 285. Include Aboriginal dance, music and storytelling. Copyright South West Aboriginal Land & Sea Council 2023. 'Nollamara' Nollamara is the kangaroo paw. However, the language generally referred . Doolan Leisha Eatts talks about Badjaling reserve and how the missionaries stopped the children from speaking Noongar. Your Noongar guide will take you on an ancient Dreamtime journey with its origins in the night sky. Perth: West Australian Museum, 1989, p.18, [v] George Fletcher Moore, A Descriptive Vocabulary of the Language in Common Use Amongst the Aborigines of Western Australia (London: Orr, 1842),,p.68, [vi] Despatch from Hutt to Marquis of Normanby, 11 February 1840 with enclosure, British Parliamentary Papers, Papers relating to Aborigines, Australian Colonies, 1844, Colonies, Australia, Volume 8, Shannon University Press, 1968, pp.372-3, [vii] Bates, D. Aboriginal Perth: Bibbulmun Biographies and Legends. This name is also in use by Palawa people who are originally from Tasmania where Lowanna is the word for woman. This spear was made in the Ellensbrook and Wonnerup areas. Miro: the name of the south-west spear thrower used by Noongars to propel the aim of the gidjee. Weja: emu feathers used as ornamentation at ceremonies. Wonna: the women`s digging stick was about six feet long and and as thick as a broom handle. It may be appropriate to incorporate an Acknowledgement of Country at events such as board and staff meetings, small training or information sessions, and other small events, for example. You are invited to a free Welcome to Country hosted by a Whadjuk Noongar Traditional Owner. Ngalak kadatj ngaalang nedigar wer boordiya koora-koora wer yey! At Koolark we provide support for all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students. . It indicates only the general location of larger groupings of people which may include smaller groups such as clans, dialects or individual languages in a group. I am delighted to lead the Shire of Toodyay's commitment towards . Meet at the first pavilion. Some Noongar place names in Perth are: Balga, Beeliar, Willagee and Mirrabooka. The Noongar Language and Culture Centre was set up by concerned individuals and has now grown to include offices in Bunbury, Northam and Perth. Nidja Noongar Boodjar noonook djinanginy. Find out if you're eligible for a scholarship, The first university and sports partnership of its kind, Find workshops & activities for your high school students, Explore our courses to find the perfect one for you, See how our researchers are tackling complex challenges. Noongar dialects have changed over time, incorporating and mixing with English. Whadjuk Aboriginal Corporation Membership of SWALSC does not mean you are automatically a member of your regional corporation. Meeukang Warangka ba Kenniny means dancing and singing in the moonlight in the language of the Whadjuk Noongar people, so get ready . Noongar people are often invited to speak in language at opening ceremonies and at places which have long been sacred to us. I was out alright. An Acknowledgement of Country is an opportunity for anyone to show respect for Traditional Owners and the continuing connection of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to Country. Nyinyak ngaalang nidja kedela ngaala mereny. Arranging a Welcome to Country ceremony, which acknowledges the traditional custodians of the land, shows respect for Aboriginal people. All rights reserved. Whadjuk Elders & Speakers Welcome to Country List keyboard_arrow_right. Western Australian Museum, Perth, 1992, [xvi] Kevin Fitzgerald, oral history, South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council, 2006, Copyright South West Aboriginal Land & Sea Council 2023, Nyoongar language from the south west region of Western Australia, AFL scene having such a key community event being held on Noongar country," he said "As for us . Any individual can perform an Acknowledgment of Country, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal. We wish to acknowledge the custodians of this land, the Wadjuk (Perth region) people of the Nyoongar nation and their Elders past, present and future. There are several language groups that make up the Noongar, including the Whadjuk, who are the traditional owners of the land around Perth. (Source: Indigenous Tours WA Our language is made up of fourteen different dialects. Similar to a Welcome to Country, an Acknowledgement of Country is generally offered at the beginning of a meeting, speech or formal occasion. Well, if we name them in their English names, you'd have King's Park or Mount Eliza. This week we paid our respects to the Whadjuk Noongar people and were warmly welcomed to our new HQ with a Smoking Ceremony . For further information view Welcome to and Acknowledgement of Country Protocols, "We would like to acknowledge this land that we meet on today is the traditional lands of the Whadjuk people and that we respect their spiritual relationship with their country.We also acknowledge the Whadjuk people as theTraditional Owners of the greater Walyalup area and that their cultural and heritage beliefs are still important to the living Whadjuk people today.". Noongar Language Facts: The Noongar language is regarded as endangered, with few fluent speakers, although there has been a revival of interest in recent years. [xiii] Salvado, Dom Rosendo Memorie Storiche dellAustralia. Noonakoort kaartdijin wangkiny deman, maam, ngarnk wer boordier kura kura. Drawn by Roni Forrest for the Aboriginal Cultural Expo at Curtin University, 22 March 2013. The name Alira/Allira/Allyra is said to be an Aboriginal word for the common Quartz stone. We acknowledge our Ancestors and Elders from long ago until today. marlee swan, beeliar river, boorn wood/tree, nyingarn echidna, koorlbardi magpie, kitje spear; koornt camp, balga grass balga tree. It is the belief that everything is connected, the past, the present, the people, the land, the sea and all of its plants and animals; it is holistic and all-encompassing. [xiii] The efforts of others who were conversant, and in some cases, fluent in local Noongar language, such as Brady, Hutt, Armstrong, Symmons and Bussell of Vasse, are acknowledged in many of the published works. The Acknowledgement Song was first written on Whadjuk Noongar country. They will bury him with his mother and you sing out to him. Trade between our people and people from other nations is well documented. I would also like to pay my respects to Elders past and present. Mandurah Bridge - on the wall at the western end of the bridge's footpath is a welcome to country written in Noongar dialect. Courtesy The West Australian, 9 July 2002. [xi] Notes from Greys Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in North West and Western Australia, Vol. The main difference between the Noongar language groups is pronunciation, but because the groups are geographically and ecologically distinctive, there are also regional vocabularies. Video Australian Broadcasting Corporation (except where otherwise indicated). . P.J. Many Noongar people of today grew up speaking English in school and Noongar at home. Whadjuk Biddi . This variation in our Noongar language reflects both regional dialect differences as well as an attempt by the fourteen language groups to retain, in a modern Australian society, a sense of independence and difference within. No bookings required, all are welcome to attend. Over time, the Noongar people have adapted to the colonisation by Europeans, however their language has made its way into the local English vocabulary - most notably in the names of places, animals and plants. More current is Hortons map of Aboriginal Language Boundaries. And then there was a big camp site, just on the side of the bank, just down from here, there's a girls' school built there now called Santa Maria College. Whadjuck Noongar would bring these items for trade: Boka: a kangaroo skin garment used for keeping warm and dry. Bo-ye: a rock for kodja, tabba or grinding stones. Bu-ruro: a possum hair neck band worn as an ornament. Bu-yi: a nut from the zamia plant that once treated, was fit to roast and eat. Dardark: a lime white clay used to paint the body at festivals. Kodja: a hammer or axe, broad and blunt at one end and sharpened at the other. (Yagans biography). Welcome to Country Acknowledgment of Country Acknowledgment of Country An Acknowledgment of Country is a way of demonstrating awareness of and respect for Aboriginal protocols and for the Aboriginal people on whose land an occasion is being held. Come on a journey through the colonial history of Perth. There are several projects which have begun to record the oral history and language of older Noongar men and women. (Singing in language) And then chuck sand to land in the water so he can smell you. Wirba: a heavy club traded from the northern areas. And I looked at her, you know, she said, You, you! their wisdom and advice in our teaching and cultural knowledge activities. And when we have a place like that, it simply means a place where people cried by the sea. If you have any questions, call SWALSC on 9358 7400 or email It reinforces our group identity, which binds land and people. Last updated: 5 December 2022 19 min read Author: Jens Korff Close this Wishing you knew more about Aboriginal culture? This Aboriginal ritual recognises the area of land where Whadjuk Noongar people traditionally lived, hunted and gathered (Moort Boodja). And we come to this place here today to show respect to him plus also to meet our people because when they pass away this is where we come to talk to them. In the 20th century, if a Noongar person wanted to become a citizen, he or she had to renounce their Noongar identity and were not permitted to speak their language or communicate with family or friends. [ix] Lyon, Robert Menli. Using published resources available between 1988-1994 this map attempts to represent all the language or tribal or nation groups of the Indigenous people of Australia. I am a Noongar. Ngany waangkaniny. Williams believes that if you live on Noongar country, you . [viii] Beard, J.S., Chapman, A.R. The City of Rockingham has close connections with the local Aboriginal community, and these ties have been forged through our Aboriginal Advisory Group and the implementation of the recently adopted Reconciliation Action Plan 2021 - 2023. The territory of the Noongar people was the triangle of Western Australia's southwest extending from the Geraldton district south to Cape Leeuwin, continuing southeast almost to Esperance and . In the conflict that ensued, Yagan was both feared and admired by Europeans as a freedom fighter defending his land. Baalap ngany noyt is our spirit and this is where he rests. Bridge (ed. Yoowart koorl ngaalang moort-moort djooroot. Be the first to study in this brand-new building next year! Sit, listen and learn about Noongar language. It can be given by both non-Indigenous people and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The booklet at the link below sets out a comprehensive set of Noongar protocols . A Welcome to Country ceremony is performed by a recognised elder of a clan that has ancestral links to the land. click here to add your name to SWALSCs list. Learn about the places that were important to the Whadjuk people and the impacts of colonisation in these early days. Watch Noongar of the Beeliar for a sense of place around the Swan River. PO Box 237 The word Noongar means a person of the south-west of Western Australia, or the name for the original inhabitants of the south-west of Western Australia. However, the essential elements of welcoming visitors and offering safe passage remain in place. Kulbardi Aboriginal Centre is unable to provide services or arrangements for Welcome to Country or Acknowledgement of Country. Starting at 10:15 am every day from 3 January to 5 February (excluding public holidays). Ngany waanginy, dadjinin waanginy kaartdijin djurip. Kaya (Hello). Whadjuk is situated south of Yued and north of the Pinjarup dialectal groups. Dyarlgarro Beeliar is known as the Canning River and Derbal Yiragan, the Perth estuary waters. Pibelmun Noongar would trade local goods such as: Booka/Boka/Bwoka: yongka (kangaroo) skin garment made from several skins of the female kangaroo and used for warmth and protection from the rain in winter. Burdun: a light, straight spear made from the mungurn (swamp wattle) collected from the local swamps. Choota: A possum or kangaroo skin bag used by the women to carry children or food collected while travelling between campsites. Gidgee-borryl: the dreaded quartz edged spear which in post-settlement times was glass tipped. This region was part of Mooro Country, the district of an important Whadjuk Noongar elder and leader Yellagonga. Nyungar wangkiny or speaking and understanding our language is central to our identity. When permission was granted the hosting tribe would welcome the visitors, offering them safe passage and protection of their spiritual being during the journey. The boodjar (country) on which I talk now. *Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that our website contains images of deceased persons. We are happy, our heart is happy to be speaking with you all. We pay our respects to Noongar elders past and present, and acknowledge their wisdom and advice in our teaching and cultural knowledge activities. Shane Abdullah, Richard Walley and James Webb perform at National Native Title Conference Welcome to Country 2008 . Kooranyi noonak korl. But it is Nyungar language and not many people realise that this is the case. All contents copyright Rottnest Island Authority. The approximate size of the Whadjuk region is 5,580 km. The Whadjuk Claim for Native Title was made in September 2006. Noonak waangk, yoowarl koorl, birdiyar ngaala boodja noonook woorn noonak kooranyi kaalak. Written by Lorina February 2, 2023 Print Australian Human Rights Commission An Acknowledgment of the Country is a way of showing respect for the Traditional Owners and can be given by both non-Indigenous people and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who are connected to another place. Our Acknowledgement of Country was developed in consultation with Reconciliation Australia, a non government organisation that promotes and facilitates respect, trust and positive relationships between the wider Australian community and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Curtin acknowledges the Nyungar people as the traditional owners of the land on which Curtin Perth is sited and a Welcome to Country is performed at all major Curtin public events. I say dembart yaarl koorl Grandfather come here or deman yaarl koorl Grandmother come here. The approximate size of the Whadjuk region is 5,580 km., UFC 284 Athletes Experience Welcome To Country Ceremony In Perth, Viviane Arajo Fight Week Interview | UFC 285, What It's Like To Fight Jon Jones? Some words may only be known in one region of Noongar country, particularly plants, which are unique to the local climate and soil type. Nyininy, nih wer kaartdjinin Noongar wangkiny. Yacker Danjoo Ngala Bidi means "Working Together Our Way" in Whadjuk Noongar language, and the agreement is set to be signed by Noongar Elders and City representatives on August 10. The Wanjoo song is popular in early childhood education centres, schools and choirs around Perth, thanks to its deep roots in the Noongar tradition. [i] Tindale, N.B. It wasnt swear words I was using. They can provide contact details for a Traditional Owner/Custodian. Acknowledgements can also be in written form. ABC Education brings you high-quality educational content to use at home and in the classroom. For example, Langford Aboriginal Association in Perth offers regular classes in Noongar language for adults and children. [ix] George Fletcher Moore published A Descriptive Vocabulary of the Language in Common Use Amongst the Aborigines of Western Australia in 1842 and included the descriptive vocabulary in his Diary of Ten years of an Early Settler in Western Australia (1884).[x]. If youre a member of the public looking performers who can provide this service in your area, contact SWALSC. Further, it provides an increasing awareness and recognition of Australia's Aboriginal peoples and cultures. To celebrate the opening of the new space at the State Buildings, KAMIL GALLERY is pleased to invite you to the VIP opening of CIRCLE CULTURE, solo exhibition by Caroline Christie - Coxon. [iii] Daisy Bates records that Goonininup or Crawley Bay was a key camping place on a major trade route used by Nyungar travelling from other areas to Perth in order to trade for the highly demanded wilgi (red ochre).[iv]. If you wish to purchase Posters from SWALSC please fill in the SWALSC ORDER FORM. Find out more about our commitment to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community. Noongar Protocols Welcome To Country Recognising our rights to country. This beautiful name is a Gumbaynggir word that translates to girl. First Australians and Traditional Custodians of the lands where we Yet, there are nearly as many places that have been given Noongar names. For information on Welcome to Country please contact the Community Capacity Team on 9806 5138. Whadjuk People is also the name of the registered Native Title claim 2011. The Rainbow Serpent - Wandjina Tribes. We provide a wide range of services such as: So it's estuarine and it's, um, subject to tidal movement as well. So we cry from our lungs and we laugh from our lungs. Today, there are many Noongar language classes in schools and TAFE. [ii] This map is just one representation of many other map sources that are available for Aboriginal Australia. It displays the following statement; Reconciliation Australia acknowledges the Traditional Owners of country throughout Australia and recognises their continuing connection to land, waters and community. The story of the Charnok Woman is particularly important to Joondalup. Early attempts to develop Noongar word lists were done by explorers and colonists like Flinders, King, and Nind at Albany. Meet at the first pavilion. We apologise for any inconvenience. ancient Noongar life as it was since the beginning of time, through stories, song and ceremonies. She said, If you talk like that you can get out. Participating in an Acknowledgement of Country is an effective way of helping students develop awareness and respect for the ongoing relationship that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples (the Traditional Custodians) have with their land. Courtesy of SWALSC, kaya hellowanju welcomenidja/yimniny heredjurapin happynyininy/nyin sitNih/ni listenkaartdijin knowledge, learn, From the past, today, tomorrow and the future. So thats why we always come to this Minningup. That would be their responsibility, when there's plenty of dew in the air, and it would just gently burn through and burn that grass. Kaya, wanju nidja Noongar boodja (Hello, welcome to Noongar country) Kaya, wanju nidja Noongar boodja (Hello, . The Difference Between Welcome to Country and Acknowledgement of Country The major cities and towns within the Whajuk region include Perth, Fremantle, Joondalup, Armadale, Toodyay, Wundowie, Bullsbrook and Chidlow. Mooro Elders have granted permission for stories and other information to be published in the Joondalup Mooro Boodjar brochure, which enables the community to gain a wider appreciation of the indigenous connection to the land. 1.3% of the City identify as Noongar, Aboriginal and/ or Torres Strait Islander peoples. Noongar language is not only a way of communicating; it is a statement of who we are. This was orchestrated by the government of the day to abolish Noongar language and identity. All images copyright their respective owners. I know Noongar words. Now, the reason they cried by the sea was because we believed in our old way that people were buried out there under the ocean. We dont want any heathens in this school. Starting at 10:15 am every day from 3 January to 5 February (excluding public holidays). This acknowledgement pays respect to the traditional custodians, ancestors and continuing cultural, spiritual and religious practices of Noongar people. Knowing the Noongar language can open up a new world into our culture and also give a sense of place. Noongar Dictionary: Noongar to English and English to Noongar. Culture is formed. Bonu-Wongie - Message Stick - located on Mandurah's Eastern Foreshore, this sculpture represents the invitation from the Winjan Aboriginal Community to the City of Mandurah to work together. Cousins well they call them same grandfather, same as their cousin, dembart.Noongar Elder Tom Bennell in Collard, Harben and van den Berg, Nidja Beeliar Boodjar Noonookurt Nyininy website, 2004. Nyoongar calendar. [xv] The spelling is as it was written by the original non-Noongar authors rather than the current accepted spelling. Bring them home and then you sing to them. Noongar people have lived in harmony with the natural environment . Koolark means Home in the Noongar language. Noongar land. Whadjuk: is one of 14 dialectal groups of Nyoongar people. So trade in Nyungar country is very very old, thousands of years old.Dr Richard Walley in van den Berg, Collard, Harben and Byrne, Nyungar Tourism in the South West of Western Australia, Murdoch University, 2005. The location is North Thomson Bay, next to the Visitor Centre. For more details about the change, view the FAQ. Ingrid is the founder and principal consultant of Kart Koort Wiern consultancy, representing First Nations Business globally for over ten years, and an alumni of Murdoc 2000. The wonna was fired for hardness and was used for digging, killing animals and fighting with other women. The Nyoongar calendar includes six seasons. L. and W. Boone, London, 1840, [xii] Grey, G. Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in North-West and Western Australia, During the years 1837, 38 and 39, under the authority of Her Majestys Government.
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