All rights reserved.For reprint rights. Helena is the state capital of Montana. [dubious discuss] Since the establishment of the modern weather station in 1964, however, the temperature has not fallen below 46F (43C). The facts that the two thermometers behaved in the laboratory exactly as described by the observer, that temperatures of minus-57 and minus-59 were recorded in the same general area and that the observer was not aware that he was recording a record temperature were sufficient evidence to adopt the minus-70 record. The store was saved, but badly scorched. [122] The provincial government held an official opening ceremony in July 1962, whereas the federal one was the following September. Reports of over a foot of new, wet, heavy snow and ice on MT-200 from Rodgers Pass to Missoula are coming from the Lincoln Volunteer Fire Department. The single camera here is looking southwest in the Missoula direction. Elevation: 1,330 m (4,364 ft) Traversed by: . Seven days of almost continuous precipitation increased the snow depth from 8 inches to 66 inches at the mine. Drive west from the Great Falls area or east from the direction of Missoula and Lincoln on Highway 200 and park at the pullout at Rogers Pass, next to the wooden sign and stairs. An increased section gang shovelled out both slides and drifts. View all posts by bigskywalker Previous Highwood Baldy: East of Great Falls The gas station and lodge, closed in 2009 and 2012 respectively, were both demolished in 2018. The latter engineer died instantly, and the several occupants of the caboose sustained fatal or serious injuries, but two children were thrown clear. Flathead Lake Sunset over Flathead Lake. The eastern approach up the Beaver River required some of the largest trestles on the line. Step-by-step explanation: 84.9%. . [9] Rogers refused to cash the $5,000 cheque, and instead framed it upon his wall until CP General Manager William Cornelius Van Horne offered him a gold watch as an incentive to cash it. Refer Connaught Tunnel and west portal vicinity for later incidents in the general area. At the summit, three occupants escaped through a camp store window. Download section 5 .gpx file. Copyright 2023 HTL, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Initially called Summit (near the Memorial monument), then. Sign Up During the time it took to determine a practicable Kicking Horse/Selkirks route, the railhead had advanced up the Bow Valley making it too late to use Howse, which required an access from the North Saskatchewan River Valley. Peter Sinks holds the second-place recordless than half a degree shy of the all-time record at Rogers Pass, Montanafor coldest recorded temperature in the contiguous United States at -69.3F set on February 1, 1985. . Horizontal positions were converted to latitude and longitude if the original values were UTM meters. During these months, over 800 golden eagles and 129 bald eagles have been observed heading east. It very well may have gotten colder, but the thermometer was unable to record it. 436,481. THE DATA WERE RECORDED AT UNKNOWN INTERVALS. [128] That week, three rear cars, plus the caboose, from an ascending freight train, broke away and rolled back down the slope, smashing into a following freight train. The pass sits at 5,470 feet (1,667 metres) elevation in the Rocky Mountains, northwest of Helena. It happened in a small, high mountain valley with 5 1/2 feet of snow on the ground 58 inches of which had fallen recently. Digital flight-line data used to create the analog maps are unavailable. Median Income: 73,239. The minus-70 degree reading was at 2 a.m., and normally the nights minimum temperature occurs shortly after sunrise. Seven of the RWIS sites are data only and one has a camera only, while the rest have both a camera and data sensors. Official Name: United States of America Capital: Washington, D.C. Population: 329,256,465 (2018) Official Language: None; the most commonly spoken language is English Currency: US dollar (USD) Form of Government: Constitutional federal republic [76] In 1907, a track deviation created more yard space to handle increased freight. Sheds were patrolled in winter for avalanche damage, and in summer for fires started by smokestacks. During the 1870s, when the transcontinental was being planned, the preferred route through the Canadian Rockies was the northerly Yellowhead Pass. U.S. Geological Survey, Department of Interior and the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior, and the National Geophysical Data Center. Unpublished products generated by the contractor included magnetic tapes, a map of residual or total field magnetics, and perhaps some written documentation. Point Forecast: 17 Miles NE Lincoln MT. Rogers, in 1887, who was a surveyor for the Great Northern Railway. [149], 1913: An engineer, who fell into an underground draining trough of heated oil at the roundhouse, later died from the scalding. The record more than likely will have to be broken in a high mountain valley somewhere in Montana or perhaps Wyoming. Parks Canada terminated the lease in 2012. 5,635 ft. Altitude end. Similarly, all supplies came in by train for the workforce of about 500 who built the 28-mile (45km) highway. [4] Although Hill and the Great Northern eventually chose Marias Pass, 100 miles (160km) to the north, as the route over the Continental Divide for their transcontinental railroad, Hill saw to it that Rogers Pass in Montana was named after the surveyor. Population: 8,622. In addition, pressure microcells create short-period air pressure changes equivalent to about 10 ft under typical conditions (Richard Hansen, PRJ, Inc., written communication) This data set was collected at a fixed barometric altitude of 7000 ft. Loss of data due to poor transmission, channel dropout, obvious spiking, missing channels, and other obvious errors were replaced with the value -9999.9. Later traffic revenue enabled upgrades. Immediately north of the Discovery Centre. [100] In 1893, the Queens Hotel, the only one remaining, was renamed the Dewdrop Inn. Endpoints: Rogers Pass - McDonald Pass (Lincoln to Helena) Area: Continental Divide Trail (CDT) . The pass is adjacent to Helena National Forest and is traversed by Montana Highway 200, providing the shortest route between the cities of Great Falls and Missoula, Montana. Connaught handles eastbound traffic, and Mount Macdonald westbound. Dobrin, M.B., 1976, Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting: New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, p. 505-517. Rogers, who located the pass in 1887. The nearest town to this camera is Lincoln, nearly 20 miles to the west. Fort Selkirk was abandoned in the mid-1950s due in part to the development of the Klondike Highway and also because of the weather conditions. Rogers Pass is a mountain pass that rises 5,610 feet (1,710 m) above sea level and is located on the Continental Divide in the U.S. state of Montana. [105] Residents built a new boarding house for the manager, after she was terminated for not housing scabs during a strike.[106]. Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 27 F. The Pass is the location of the coldest temperature ever recorded in USA outside of Alaska. Weather in Rogers Pass, Montana, USA Time/General Time Zone DST Changes Sun & Moon Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Now 32 F Clear. One passenger sustained a broken leg, and another an injured shoulder. [148], 1912: When an eastbound passenger train ran into snow slide, three cars derailed, but no serious injuries occurred. Although all data published on this CD-ROM have been used by the USGS, only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Rogers Pass is the location of the lowest temperature ever recorded in the contiguous United States. Common Geographic Areas. Feels Like: 20 F Forecast: 41 / 24 F Wind: 21 mph from West Upcoming 5 hours See more hour-by-hour weather Forecast for the next 48 hours Daily Winter Permits must be obtained on the day you plan to ski or snowboard, and are only valid for that day. [130], 1888: A westbound passenger train waited at snow shed 7, while a crew, standing on a flat car, fought a fire at shed 13. Rogers blindly believed the pass presented no special engineering difficulties. For the mountain pass in Montana, see Rogers Pass (Montana). In March and April, strong westerly winds help migrating flocks of eagles cross the Continental Divide so that they can spend the summer on the Great Plains. Rogers Pass is a physical feature (gap) in Lewis and Clark County. The features and patterns of aeromagnetic anomalies can also be used to delineate details of subsurface geology including the locations of buried faults and the thickness of surficial sedimentary rocks. On January 20, 1954, Rogers Pass, Montana registered a bone-chilling -69.7! [162], 1977: A couple died in a light plane crash in the vicinity of Glacier. As featured on. The lowest ever recorded temperature in the US is -70F in Rogers Pass, Montana.How many degrees hotter is the highest recorded temperature than the lowest recorded temperature? Find the most current and reliable 14 day weather forecasts, storm alerts, reports and information for Rogers, MT, US with The Weather Network. Monida Pass el. In 1904, he added 15 or 16 bedrooms and a bathroom to the boarding house[108] to cater for the big summer demand from workers and tourists. Snow shed construction, Rogers Pass, 1887. Rogers Pass is the location of the lowest temperature ever recorded in the contiguous United States. In a coma for days,[137] the outcome appeared to be total deafness from burst eardrums. Latitude, longitude, altitude, and magnetic values were checked for obvious errors or spikes and values of -9999.9 were given where the value could not be reasonably corrected. Description: This section begins at Rogers Pass and the majority of it is within the Lewis and Clark-Helena National Forest. 59404. (Weather station: Helena Regional Airport, USA). Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point. Times Internet Limited. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Montana was -70F in 1954 at a gold mining camp near Rogers Pass Montana's Museum of the Rockies houses one of the largest collections of dinosaur fossils in the world, including 13 specimens of Tyrannosaurus Rex . [31] After the last spike ceremony that November, the line was shut down for the winter. Radar altimeters are estimated to have an error of 2-5% of the altitude (Richard Hansen, PRJ, Inc., written communication). Home > North America > United States > Montana Elevation: 4657 feet Latitude: 47 10N Longitude: 112 19W. Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021. [96] Transitioning to respectability, formal dances were held. [123] This scenic route reduced bus travel time by five hours. The remaining 21 passengers suffered minor to critical injuries. Rogers Pass is a high mountain pass through the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia, but the term also includes the approaches used by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) and the Trans-Canada Highway. Montana Rogers Pass Montana USA Independent Add to Trip col amricain Add Review Your Rating 1 2 3 4 5 Rogers Pass Montana USA Hours not available Problem with this listing? Rogers, in 1887, who was a surveyor for the Great Northern Railway. The lower 48 states of the US hit their official coldest temperature of -70 F on January 20, 1954 at Rogers Pass, Montana. Stone pillars, erected within the framework of the lower trestle, supported the deck plate girders installed in 1904 and 1906. [6] Summers tend to be warm to hot, with cooler nighttime temperatures, while winters are very snowy and cold, sometimes severely cold. The snow sheds, installed . [12] Although they had found a pass, they had been unable to explore its eastern approach, a distance of 18 miles (29km) from the junction of the Beaver and Columbia rivers. Section 5 GPS data. Shortly after Rogers had located the pass in Montana that bears his name, his career ended when he was badly injured falling from his horse. [103], When the station relocated, the community buildings followed suit. Barometric altimeters are quite accurate, but are typically operated in an uncorrected mode. The region is noted for its inaccessibility and as one of the last strongholds for the grizzly bear in the lower 48 states. Richard A. Dightman, then state climatologist at the Weather Bureau, was not aware of the record-setting event until about Feb. 3, when Januarys records were received at the Helena office. Below are weather averages from 1971 to 2000 according to data gathered from the nearest official weather station. no. This dataset was prepared by an agency of the United States, Government. Let us know. This is also a migration route used by other raptors such as northern goshawks, red-tailed hawks, and rough-legged hawks. f30013 = Cascade. Vivo V27 Pro Review: Capable camera performance in a sleek form factor, A woman threw a house party with 65 men she matched with on Tinder and Hinge and connected with the man she's now been dating for a year, Amazon will halt construction of its planned $2.5 billion Virginia headquarters, the company doubles down on cost-cutting, 'Let's get real': scientists discover a new way climate change threatens cold-blooded animals, IISc researchers show chemically-modified nanosheets are effective for biomedical applications, SC extends stay on order quashing write-off of Yes Bank's AT1 bonds. It's best known for recording the lowest temperature in the United States (outside of Alaska):. This is also a migration route used by other raptors such as northern goshawks, red-tailed hawks, and rough-legged hawks. He then went outside to the official shelter and found the minimum thermometer indicating a temperature colder than minus-65, which is as low as the scale on it indicates. Maps, Driving Directions & Local Area Information Popular Local Resources Hotels Near Rogers Pass Nearby Cities Nearby Neighborhoods Nearby Features Rogers Pass - Location Map + In early February 1885, three avalanches struck. The minus-70 degree reading was not representative of the more densely populated areas of the state. To keep the highway and railway open during the winter, the Royal Canadian Artillery has since used 105-millimetre (4.1in) howitzers to knock down unstable snow under controlled circumstances to reduce avalanche hazards. The reading was observed by one of the National Weather Service's cooperative observers. He not only sent in the official minimum thermometer but also included his own alcohol thermometer. The Montana Department of Transportation reported . To get a better view of the landscape, Rogers, his nephew A.L. Mentally . The CPR named the pass after Rogers. This mountain pass, which is adjacent to Helena National Forest, stands 5,610 feet above sea level. . [151], 1915: The victims bowled over, a train cut off one man's legs,[152] and the leg above the ankle for a seven-year-old boy.[153]. THE MAGNETOMETER HAS A RECHARGING INTERVAL OF 0.5 SECONDS. The index in the official thermometer fell into the bulb and remained at the described angle at a temperature of minus-69.7 degrees and at this temperature, Kleinschmidt's personal thermometer indicated minus-68. These USGS employees contributed to reformatting and archiving these data: Viki Bankey, Carol Finn, Pat Hill, Holly Hindle, Bob Kucks, Vicki Rystrom, Sarah Shearer Cooperating contributors from the National Geophysical Data Center are: Ronald Buhmann, David Dater, Susan McLean, Stewart Racey, U.S. Geological Survey Box 25046 Mail Stop 964 Denver Federal Center, USGS:7388ee2c-bcc4-4d7a-8ee4-73fb03fc01cb. [65][69] On rare occasions, trains were as long as 12 cars. Times Syndication Service. It is the best route between Missoula and Great Falls. From here they could see the Beaver River valley on the east side of the Selkirks. "Not only would it force the county attorney to prosecute that person, but it would also force the judge as well," the bill's supporter said Thursday. Flight-line airborne magnetic anomaly measurements. Weather. Rogers has the distinction of having two passes named after him: this one in Montana and another Rogers Pass in British Columbia, Canada, approximately 373 miles (600km) to the northwest. rogers pass montana population. Early the next morning, on Jan. 20, 1954, the Montana and continental 48 states record cold temperature of minus-70 degrees was observed at a mining camp near the Continental Divide a short distance from Rogers Pass near Helena. In German, Eismitte literally translates to "ice-center," which is fitting for one of the coldest places in the Northern Hemisphere. Posted by: T0SHEA. Route details. Years on Record: 47 : ANNUAL : JAN . You can also find other Landmark on MapQuest Hotels Food Shopping Coffee Grocery Gas Find Best Western Hotels & ResortsnearbySponsored Go United States Montana Augusta Rogers Pass MT-200AugustaMT59410 Claim this business Rogers naming rights and a $5,000 bonus to locate a pass. At McDermot camp, 2 miles (3km) away, three buried men were never found. The Rogers Pass weather station, located at an elevation of 5,470 feet, was established May 1, 1953, at the 4 K's Mine, located at Highway 200 and three-fourths of a mile west of where the . All jumped clear, except the conductor, who unable to brake, passed through the burning shed, and jumped just before the car smashed into the stationary train. The lower 48 states of the US hit their official coldest temperature of -70 F on January 20, 1954 at Rogers Pass, Montana. 12T E 395825 N 5215802. Drinking and gambling characterized the 15 hotels. [75] The next year, the four-locomotive engine house was enlarged to accommodate six locomotives. [49] Although the tunnel removed the avalanche danger for that section, the problem persisted along neighbouring segments. This dataset presents latitude, longitude, altitude, and magnetic-field values. Two passengers incurred non-life threatening injuries. [21], The acute capital shortage during 1885, meant months of unpaid payroll, and minor strikes. The locomotive and three cars toppled over, killing a crew member and injuring three others. Sight black bears and mountain goats. It's not just the sky that's big in Montana. [139], 1906: When a passenger train ran into a mudslide in the vicinity, some injuries, but no deaths, were reported. Housing key staff and extensive equipment, the pass functioned as if it were a divisional point. 2. Some variations in magnetic measurements are caused by rocks that contain significant amounts of magnetic minerals (magnetite being the most common). In the heart of Glacier National Park, this tourism destination since 1886 is a National Historic Site.[1]. [67], Usually, passenger trains did not need pushers,[68] and until 1902, the 5 to 9car service was daily. The minimum index from which the temperature is read had retreated into the bulb and was tilted, since the index end had fallen into the bulb. [86], The 31 sheds built had a combined length of 6.5km (4.0mi). 6823 ft on I-15 just south of Monida, population <5 Bannock Pass el. On January 20, 1954, a low temperature of 70F (57C) was recorded during a severe cold wave. Ski-tour along deep powder trails. Get up-to-the-minute news sent straight to your device. Rogers Pass is a mountain pass that rises 5,610 feet above sea level and is located on the Continental Divide in the U.S. state of Montana. During the previous week there were several fresh invasions of frigid Arctic air into Montana. [2] These rivers are tributaries of the Columbia, which arcs to the north. Download section 4 .gpx file. [13][14] Folklore has generated many later variations of this story. To the east, excavations uncovered the remnants of the roundhouse destroyed by the 1899 slide. assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. While the other locations on this list experience freezing temperatures all year, Verkhoyansk has a huge disparity between its winter and summer climates. The region is noted for its inaccessibility and as one of the last strongholds for the grizzly bear in the lower 48 states. Also known as Dome F or Valkyrie Dome, Dome Fuji is the home of a Japanese research station. You do have a right to access goverment property that is open to the general public. Parking Pets Allowed Restrooms Wifi Wheelchair Accessible Credit Cards Accepted See More Details (1) Nearby Hotels Cascade, Montana The Ranch at the Dearborn The meteorological station erected by the Japan Alpine Club near the summit recorded temperatures of -75.5 degrees Fahrenheit (-59.7 degrees Celsius) in December 2003. houseboat netherlands / brigada pagbasa 2021 memo region 5 / rogers pass montana population. Rogers Pass is a high mountain pass through the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia, but the term also includes the approaches used by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) and the Trans-Canada Highway. Note that you do not have the right to enter private property without the owner's permission. [61] However, pusher gradients were expensive to operate. Despite this,. If you have questions about the Winter Permit System, please contact us by email at or by phone at 250-837-7500. It's just 15 degrees warmer than the national record of -70 in Rogers Pass, Montana. Neither the United States Government nor any agency, thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or, implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the. I answer, you come and see for yourself that we live an ordinary life.". 6759 ft) Last Update: 9:42 pm MST Feb 19, 2023. Most loaded freight trains required a single pusher, because they were longer than 9 cars. [135], 1897: An employee lost three fingers that were caught while coupling cars. The location has been reported closed since 2006, with a population of zero. CD-ROM or online files Complements this publication with analog data. [28] These slides, followed by heavy summer rainfall, delayed the work. Not all flight-line data have been released to the public because of lack of personnel to reformat data and service the requests. Map Directions Satellite Photo Map Instances of -60F in the Contiguous U.S.-70 (actually -69.7) Rogers Pass, Montana, Jan. 20, 1954-66 Riverside Ranger Station (West Yellowstone, Montana) Feb. 9, 1933 (Submitted on May 8, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) Please subscribe to keep reading. Aeromagnetic surveys are used for geophysical prospecting. Historical Weather. Rogers, in 1887, who was a surveyor for the Great Northern Railway. The outlet of a culvert under Montana Highway 200 just east of Rogers Pass was seriously eroded by flood waters, leading to the closure of the highway. From the main RWIS page one may select the image or the data page for each of the 73 cameras. [25] Abandoning the damaged right-of-way on the western slope, north of the river, CP built the switchback Loops well clear of avalanche paths. Rest Days Helena. [166], This article is about the mountain pass in British Columbia. Morris,[107] who opened a store within a tent in 1901, erected a permanent store, boarding house and hall. [163], 2017: The pilot of a Boeing A75N1 bi-plane survived a crash near the summit. [131] That year, a young snow shed worker, who refused to seek and pay for medical treatment, died of fever. The former trading post is located at the junction of the Yukon and Pelly Rivers. A 1910 fire destroyed this hotel/boarding house. The pass sits at 5,470 feet (1,667 metres) elevation in the Rocky Mountains, northwest of Helena. James J. Hill, who controlled the Great Northern, then hired Rogers as a locating engineer on the latter, which built into Montana in 1887. Rogers was a surveyor for the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), and he located Rogers Pass in British Columbia, which was then used by the CPR on its transcontinental line across Canada. Coldest Cities in the United States 2023 by Population 2023 The nearest weather station for both precipitation and temperature measurements is ROGERS PASS 9 which is approximately 8 miles away and has an elevation of 4,200 feet (1,430 feet lower than Rogers Pass). Precipitation peaks during late spring and early summer. Where we live in Big Sky country, temperature readings of minus-35 and minus-45 are common, but we havent touched 50 below in many years. Oymyakon, the remote Siberian village is considered the coldest place inhabited on Earth, with a reported population of 500. Use this weather feature to find out. The pass is adjacent to Helena National Forest and is traversed by Montana Highway 200, providing the shortest route between the cities of Great Falls and Missoula, Montana. It read minus-68. The Great Bear, Scapegoat and Bob Marshall Wildernesses have been consolidated into the Bob Marshall Wilderness Complex and permanently protect 1,535,352 acres (6,213.35km2). Reference is in the Cross-Reference section of this metadata file. [83] Some sections of the abandoned railway eventually became walking rail trails in Glacier National Park. This place rises 5,610 feet above sea level and is located on the continental divide in the U.S. state of Montana. [132], 1889: When a freight and passenger train collided in a snow shed to the east, one person was seriously injured and the locomotives received extensive damage. Endpoints: Rogers Pass McDonald Pass (Lincoln to Helena), Area: Continental Divide Trail (CDT) / Lewis and Clark-Helena National Forest. Interestingly, Al Capone found this remote location the perfect place for one of his north woods' getaway homes. [29][30], The railhead crossed the summit that August. RWIS cameras are mounted on a tall steel truss tower adjacent to the roadway along with sensors that measure Air Temperature, Road Air Temperature, Dew Point, Relative Humidity, Wind Speed and Direction, Wind Gusts, Precipitation Intensity, Precipitation Rate, and Precipitation Accumulation. Not only did untreated wooden trestles provide all bridging, but cuttings were of minimum width, track was not ballasted,[24] and no snow sheds were built. Most stations are supplied with thermometers similar to Kleinschmidts that only go to minus-65. The area is so cold, in fact, that precipitation falls to the surface as ice crystals. All this data is telemetered to a central location and appears on the appropriate web page in real time. In fact, on January 20, 1954, the temperature dropped to 70 degrees below zero. This area is also a great place to observe golden eagles and other raptors. accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its, use would not infringe privately owned rights. In 1881 and 1882, A.B. Copyright 2023. [150], 1914: Run over by a train, a man survived with serious injuries. A proposal to upgrade to Trans-Canada Highway standards a decade later, determined that the Selkirks route would be cheaper,[119] and not conflict with the Columbia River hydro-electric potential. . It's best known for recording the lowest temperature in the United States (outside of Alaska): on January 20th, 1954, the thermostat hit -70 degrees Fahrenheit (-57 degrees Celsius). A jury found a Butte man not guilty of witness tampering Monday but he still faces an attempted homicide charge. Roger's Pass South Web Camera - Lincoln, MT - Web Cameras on One notable non-weather fact about Stanley: The city elected 22-year-old Hannah Stauts as the youngest female mayor in the US in 2005. [80] Additionally, the constant steam pressure increased the tonnage capacity. The region between the two passes is mostly wilderness, and the majority of it has been set aside and protected from future development. The primary coordinates for Rogers Pass places it within the MT 59639 ZIP Code delivery area. UM Department of Geography | Maggie OBrien, Rogers Pass was named after A.B. Aeromagnetic data were collected along flight lines by instruments in an aircraft that recorded magnetic-field values and locations. It used to be the home of the indigenous Selkirk First Nation, who now jointly manage the area with the Yukon Governments Department of Tourism and Culture. Information was added that was missing from the data file but was recorded elsewhere. [121], West of the summit, much of the original route was used. [160], 1969: A Piper PA-28 crashed. Use Constraints: none. The extent and cost of snow sheds had been grossly underestimated. Standard industry practices of the time were followed in data collection and processing. Among all these stations that contributed quality data from 1991 to 2020 for NOAA's National Centers for . Conditions had been right for an extreme temperature. [136], 1898: During loading operations, a log slipped and fractured a worker's skull.
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