The reader does not know that Tim has died, so Dickens foreshadows his death through the use of the simile. The boy is ignorance. 'A Christmas Carol' Key Quotations Stave 5 Analysis Term 1 / 5 "I am light as a feather, I am as happy as an angel, I am as merry as a schoolboy. Ghost stories were very popular during the Victorian era. Shows Bob's place of work, and shows scrooges harsh treatment on him. Stave 3 - Tiny Tim 2. uses long and short clauses to show how busy they are. ``My little child!''. No, Spirit! His most famous saying is bah humbug. He used it as an exclamation when he wanted to express his displeasure about something. Bob said he didnt believe there ever was such a goose cooked., About Tiny Tim: If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future, the child will die., Bob Cratchit: Ill give you Mr Scrooge, the Founder of the Feast., About Ignorance and Want: This boy is Ignorance. Underline the verb phrase in each sentence. At this point, Scrooges character has become fairly well established but the reason that this particular meeting is of such importance is that it highlights Scrooges outlook towards the poor as well as provides his comments about how the poor should be treated. 'The Ghosts' in A Christmas Carol (Key Quotes & Analysis) Dr Aidan 22.1K subscribers Subscribe 47K views 3 years ago Studying A Christmas Carol? Dickens, therefore, is attacking the Malthusian capitalist theories. forgiving- "to Mr Scrooge, the founder of the feast.". GCSE (9-1): Literature: A Christmas Carol: Key Quotes: Key Quotes with Analysis 4.7 (15 reviews) Term 1 / 36 'Sole' (stave 1) Click the card to flip Definition 1 / 36 repetition - Isolated, lonely. The noun 'idol' shows that Belle believes Scrooge is so enamoured of money that he worships it. Stave 2 - The first of the three spirits Belle to Scrooge: "Another idol has displaced me a golden one.". cried Bob. If they would rather die, they had better do it and decrease the surplus population. The common welfare was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance, and benevolence, were, all, my business. * The use of pathetic fallacy shows that he is in direct opposition to anyone who tries to help him. Example: The scientist, along with her two assistants, (is, are) working on a computer simulation of earthquake activity. The noun 'contract' reflects the language of business - reflecting the change that Scrooge has undergone. Whoever the author.Discover new and exciting books to dive into with our Book Explorer Tool. In many ways, it is the child who can most tug on Scrooges heartstrings. 'Long and wound about him like a tail made of cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds and heavy purses.'. Im sure you will all e familiar with the one percent statistic. It could also show that, as it has been so long since he was happy, he finds it difficult to describe. Stave 4 - in the rag 'n' bone man's shop But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! He must have slept through a whole day and half a night. A merry Christmas to you.". A Christmas Carol: Key Moments Being such a short story there is very little that is extraneous. The repetition of the word 'little' reinforces to the reader how young and innocent and undeserving of death was Tiny Tim. Home Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol Best Quotes. "Tonight, if you have aught to teach me, let me profit by it.". Who suffers by his ill whims? The simile has a snake like connotations, Marley is a symbol of evil. Scrooge's assertion that 'it is not my business' is challenged quickly by Marley's ghost whose view is that 'mankind' should have been his 'business. Partially because of the nature of its main character. The adjectives: genial show his joy/ cheer, sparkling presents tense- has connotations of light and magic and open emphasises his generosity.Themes= greed and generosity/Christmas. I think he wanted to make it accessible to all classes so he could better spread his message. God bless us!, At the time people rid themselves of any guilt by blaming the poor for the fact they were poor. A description of scrooge as a young boy, he was left alone at school as others enjoyed their holidays. Stave 3 - description of Mrs Cratchit But as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to bear your company and do it with a thankful heart', Stave 1: 'He tried to say 'Humbug!' This is fitting because it is traditionally colder at Christmas but also because the cold is an apt metaphor for Scrooges personality. the strength of Scrooge's dismay about hearing his own words repeated back to him is reinforced through the use of the nouns, penitence and grief. Bob describes his crippled son. The happiness he gives is quite as great as if it costs a fortune. "I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. The ghost is dressed in green reminiscent both of the Green Man from Pagan mythology, and also the traditional character of St Nicholas or Father Christmas, who has more recently come to symbolise the holiday period. The metaphor shows the are poor but make the best of a bad situation, always smiling and showing they are grateful for what little they have. The Total Abstinence Principle was a phrase used for teetotallers (people who refrained from drinking). What I think is really clever is that the story is framed so that when we see the ghost of Christmas past, seeing the things that shaped Scrooge into the man he is at the beginning of the play starts to let us feel sympathy for him so that when he is offered a second chance as a reader, we are glad he gets to redeem himself. Themes= time/Christmas/generosity and forgiveness. Underline the word or symbol in parentheses that best completes each sentence. Themes= greed and generosity/ time. ', 'secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. Scrooges offences carry their own punishments. enthusiastic- "a merry Christmas uncle. The ribbons are her means of dressing more festively. The most clearly religious image though is how it wears a tunic of purest white, as though it is a pure, innocent Angel sent to guide him. Instant PDF downloads. 'Dressed out but poorly in a twice-turned gown, but brave in ribbons'. ". Scrooge awakes and finds his room as dark as when he fell asleep at two o'clock. So while he did not invent these particular traditions many people credit him with popularizing them. Did the Anglo-Saxon period last between 449 and 1066? Studying 'A Christmas Carol'? Spirit! he cried, tight clutching at his robe, hear me! ', Stave 5: 'No fog, no mist; clear, bright, jovial, stirring, cold;', Stave 5: 'He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man, as the good old city knew, or any other good old city, town, or borough, in the good old world.'. Themes= greed and generosity/Christmas/poverty. "His eyes sparkled and his breath smocked.". Stave 4 - About Scrooge's grave: So, therefore, we should take responsibility for being a positive influence. The case of this unhappy man might be my own. But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! 'No fog, no mist; clear, bright, jovial, stirring, cold; Golden sunlight; Heavenly sky; sweet fresh air; merry bells. Walled in by houses; overrun by grass and weeds. the adjective idle reveals scrooge believes the poor are lazy and are to be blamed for their own situation. The ghost of Christmas presents it sitting on a throne of food. No fog, no mist; clear, bright, jovial, stirring, cold; cold, piping for the blood to dance to; Golden sunlight; Heavenly sky; sweet fresh air; merry bells. A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Mrs Cratchit, although poor, represents the family's will to make the best of things - to celebrate in spite of their poverty. Dickens considers ignorance the worst, because it leads to want. ". Foul weather didnt know where to have him. The adjective solitary and neglected highlight his feelings of loneliness and isolation, creating sympathy for him. 5. Themes= family/poverty/greed and generosity. ', "Darkness is cheap, and Scrooge liked it.". How does the speaker begin and end "Incident"? The tone is impatient as he does so. "Crown of its head there sprung a bright clear jet of light." Description of the Ghost of Christmas Past, Stave 2, this ghost is much less scary than Marley which symbolises the innocence of childhood. Scrooge's language has been formal and official: here he is informal, natural and joyous. Of course, these changes seldom happen so quickly in reality and perhaps thats part of the reason that A Christmas Carol does not receive the critical acclaim that you could argue it deserves. Stave 5 - pathetic fallacy Whatever the genre. Where graceful youth should have filled their features out a stale and shrivelled hand, like that of age, had pinched, and twisted them. But, they were happy, grateful, pleased with one another and contented with the time. The book also explores what you might call the true meaning of Christmas and while this might not be true from a Christian standpoint, from a morality/spiritual view, you could claim that it really does help to make that point. The portly gentlemen are also instrumental in delivering Dickens' message. 2003-2023 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. The idea that we are all 'fellow passengers' serves to emphasise the idea of the transience of life - we are all going to die some day so we are more similar than we are different. Tiny Tim's comment is generous in spirit, seeing his disability positively as it will remind others of the true meaning of Christmas by allowing them to think of Jesus on Christmas day. Both have religious connotations and suggest a true depth of despair at his previous notions. Note the use of the adjective poor to describe Bob Cratchit. "Every person has a right to take care of themselves. The ghost of christmas present is showing the two children that hide in his cloak and he says that the problems these children portray are the problems of mankind. "Cherry cheeked apples, juicy oranges, luscious pears.". Studying A Christmas Carol? I don't make merry myself at Christmas and, If that spirit goes not forth in life, it is, them both, but most of all beware this boy, for on his brow I see that written which is, squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner." Scrooge has undergone a metamorphoses - he has literally been reborn as a new man. The word 'business' reflects Scrooge's earlier response to the portly gentlemen. () The introduction of the portly gentlemen provide an opposition to Scrooge. She looked at me as if I had insulted her. Contrasting similes emphasise his god like figure- he is at once innocent and knowledgeable. He always did!". I will not be the man I must have been but for this intercourse! 'This boy is ignorance.most of all beware the boy"-Stave 3-Ghost of Christmas present Metaphor. '', Stave 3 - the ghost uses Scrooge's words against him when he asks where there is refuge for the children, ignorance and want. Without the ghost of Christmas future, Scrooge wouldve been unlikely to change. Describes Fred, who is a symbol of Christmas spirit. This symbolises his generosity and air of festivity. These compare with the bells at the start of the novel, signifying the hellish arrival of Marley's ghost. ', 'He was all in a glow; his face was ruddy and handsome; his eyes sparkled, and his breath smoked', Christmas is a time when people 'Think of the people below them as if they really were fellow passengers to the grave and not another race of creatures bound on other journeys. A description of how the Cratchit family mourned the death of Tiny Tim. I am not the man I was', When Scrooge sees the name on the gravestone, he realises that time for change is limited, The ghost of Christmas past shows Scrooge some memories that may have been lost to time, Stave 2: 'each one connected with a thousand thoughts, and hopes, and joys, and cares long forgotten', Stave 4: 'Are these the shadows of the things that Will be, or are they shadows of things that May be, only? Themes= greed and generosity of the poor. They were a boy and girl. scientist; is. This is where the clerk lives. The verbs suggest age, disfiguration and pain suggesting how unnatural their conditions are that have led to this. In defending Fezziwig, he is taught a lesson and makes him think about how he treats his clerk, leading to his second moment of regret in which he'd like to 'say a word to two' to Bob. The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail, and sleet, could boast of the advantage over him in only one respect. The dying fire at the beginning of the novel symbolizes Scrooges lack of either. The verb 'shrouded' makes explicit reference to death which is reinforced by the 'deep black' of its clothes. cried the Ghost, wringing its hands again. The Ghost of Christmas yet to come is symbolic. Dr Aidan, PhD, provides you with the 10 key quotes in Charles Dickens' 'A Christmas Carol', along with in-depth analysis, to he. You could make a strong argument for this being a tale of redemption. "He hoped the people saw him in the church, because he was a cripple and it might be pleasant for them to remember on Christmas Day, who made lame beggars walk, and blind men see.". Key quotes from A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. In this quote, Dickens describes London as a dark and dangerous place. The metaphor shows that the school didn't help any student achieve their dreams, instead it destroyed their lives as they could not fulfil their potential. This is a great description, wanders around holding a candle snuffer that looks like a hat. He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man, as the good old city knew, or any other good old city, town, or borough, in the good old world. Part of the reason that A Christmas Carol is so widely studied is the abundance of different themes that it touches upon. Oh! The use of the word 'alone' is repeated showing again that selfishness will lead to a life of loneliness. Stave 5 - Scrooge walks the streets enjoying the company of others. Perfect for those studying the book at school (particularly GCSE students) or simply those wanting to learn more about it.For more in Dr Aidan's 'A Christmas Carol' series:The 10 Most Important Quotes in A Christmas Carol - credits: Grim Reaper: openclipart.comCornucopia: Stave 5 - The response of the portly gentleman to the money Scrooge wants to give him: Scrooge was better than his word. Setting can help create an atmosphere or mood in a literary work. The adjective dismal connotes a lack of light and hopeless atmosphere. Whatever the book. The words of the charwoman, who disgusts Scrooge, in the rag 'n' bone man's shop reflect the views to which Scrooge subscribed at the start of the novella when he declared that the poor were not his 'business' implying that his only business was himself. The final ghost is by far the most scary of the three it remains silent throughout their time together, only standing by as a guide, and leaving Scrooge and the reader to work out the story himself. For characters like Fred and Bob Cratchit, Christmas represents the Christian ideal of goodness and moral prosperity, but Scrooge is at his most miserly when Christmas is mentioned. Glorious!'. Stave 4 - Bob's reaction to Tiny Tim's death However, it could also be argued that ignorance reflects the lack of education of the poor. Home Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol Themes and Analysis. The image of the 'lonely boy near a feeble fire' reflects very closely the older Scrooge we have seen, alone eating gruel. Summary. Total Abstinence Principle more hilarious punning from Dickens. But I have made the trial in homage to Christmas, and. "If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future, the child will die.". However, the verb 'profit' still has a hint of selfishness - as well as an implication of individual, even material, gain. Past: "The curtains of his bed were drawn aside, I tell you, When the Ghost of Christmas Past arrives, the curtains of his bed were drawn aside by a hand. Here, it is clear that it is the ghost who makes the move the ghost actively. 'a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner! We see when Scrooge is presented with the poor children (Want and Ignorance) how instinctively and perhaps despite his character that he is compelled to want to help. For a start, there is the use of ghosts throughout. The list of verbs, gives the spirit a threatening air- this is compounded by the fact that he does not speak to scrooge at all. Scrooge listened to this dialogue in horror he viewed them with a detestation and disgust. The synonyms 'alone' and 'by himself' emphasise again the loneliness of the life he has chosen. Imagery of warmth has symbolism of generosity, compassion and forgiveness- Fred always makes a effort with scrooge. The adjectives squeezing and wrenching, etc., relate to how one should imagine him with money, refusing to let go of his wealth. Ghost of Christmas Present, Stave 3, he warns that if Scrooge doesn't change himself that "doom" will be in his future. Gone are the puritanical values that banned Christmas, and, also, to a large degree, gone as well are the memories of Christmas as a serious and religious celebration of the birth of Christ. The tremors of the great San Francisco earthquake that occurred in 1906 (was, were) estimated to have measured 8.3 on the Richter scale. I should like to have given him something: thats all., About the Fezziwig family: shaking hands with every person individually as he or she went out, wished him or her a Merry Christmas., Scrooge about Mr Fezziwig: The happiness he gives, is quite as great as if it costs a fortune., Belle to Scrooge: Another idol has displaced me., Belle about Scrooge: I have seen your nobler aspirations fall off one by one, until the master passion, Gain, engrosses you., Belles husband to Belle about Scrooge: Quite alone in the world, I do believe., There was nothing very cheerful in the climate or the town, and yet was there an air of cheerfulness abroad., About the Ghost of Christmas Present: Sprinkled incense on their dinners from his torch., About the Cratchits goose: a feathered phenomenon., There never was such a goose. A description of Fezziwig, a rich merchant t whom Scrooge is apprentice. The ribbon for the bookmark should be seven (inches, in) long. The use of light throughout the novel suggests the truth/ the right path which Scrooge at first does not want to see. When it was made you were another man. Everyone is entitled to be a little happier on Christmas, and the Ghost of Christmas Present helps them to be so. Dickens uses the scene to allow the reader to feel sorry for the child 'Scrooge' whose loneliness was not by choice - although the adult Scrooge's is. The simile has connotations of stillness and endings. The use of nature with a type of plant typically seen around christmas time makes scrooges comment even more menacing saying that they should kill him with the very thing that is giving him happiness in that certain period.- Scrooge If they would rather die, they had better do it and decrease the surplus population. Scrooge's sympathy for himself leads to sympathy for the carol singer from the night before. As we will later learn, his bitterness originates at Christmas time and has warped his perspective of it. These cover themes like wealth, poverty, Christmas, and kindness. However, these are two children that he has no control over. All rights reserved. I can't afford to make idle people merry. Stave 3 - ignorance and want These words are then used against him by the ghost of the Christmas present. Their terrible behaviour is a consequence of the ignorance and want that Dickens personified in stave 3. Without the trauma from Scrooges youth and the death of his sister, Fran, its unlikely that he wouldve become the person that he did. said the Spirit, turning on him for the last time with his own words. My little, little child!'' I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future. The style of A Christmas Carol is conversational and direct. He carried his own low temperature always about with him', 'No warmth could warm, no wintry weather chill him', 'It was cold, bleak, biting weather: foggy withal', 'Scrooge had a very small fire, but the clerk's fire was so very much smaller that it looked like one coal.
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