This policy applies to any research article that reports the main endpoints of a randomised controlled trial of one or more drugs or medical devices in current use, whether or not the trial was funded by industry. These are practical, often problem based articles. Can I write? This means that authors whose financial conflicts of interest are judged to be relevant by the BMJ team are not permitted to write these articles. We will take these definitions into account when evaluating if trials were adequately registered. We ask the corresponding author to grant this exclusive licence (or non-exclusive for government employees) on behalf of all authors by reading our licence and inserting in the manuscript on submission the following statement: “The Corresponding Author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide licence to the Publishers and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known now or created in the future), to i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the Contribution, ii) translate the Contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or, abstracts of the Contribution, iii) create any other derivative work(s) based on the Contribution, iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the Contribution, v) the inclusion of electronic links from the Contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located; and, vi) licence any third party to do any or all of the above.". • Articles presenting a new hypothesis. We will not consider your paper until we have reviewed and approved competing interests declaration forms from each author. To evaluate the results and quality of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructor training courses. BMC Medical Education The objective of this study is to characterize participants in a laparoscopic cadaveric neuroanatomy course and assess knowledge of pelvic neuroanatomy before and after this course. Protocols vary in completeness and content. An updates table will be included in the review to make tracking the history of the review easier and to signal planned changes. Open access articles may be reused according to the relevant Creative Commons licence. These GPP2 guidelines aim to ensure that such studies are published in a responsible and ethical manner. BMC Medical Education This series highlights areas of practice that lack convincing evidence. For non-research articles published with open access we will ask authors to pay the open access fee. Please submit your completed Case Review template to our online editorial office using the Case Review template. -- In updates, consider including a short paragraph that describes how the living review has evolved. Most studies evaluating career aspirations among gender are performed in Anglo-Saxon countries. Please note that from 30 November 2018 The BMJ is mandating ORCiD iDs for corresponding authors for all research articles if accepted, and this information will be required alongside submitted manuscripts. 21:31. The reasons for slow adaptation of AL in medical education are not well understood. Associations with commercial entities that could be viewed as having an interest in the general area of the submitted manuscript (in the three years before submission of the manuscript). Despite the known benefits of active learning (AL), the predominate educational format in higher education is the lecture. New Podcasts added each month - January's podcasts are now available, based on these Medical Education articles: Why impaired wellness may be inevitable in medicine, and why that may not be a bad thing and Where medical education … The evidence on which key statements are based should be explicit and referenced, and the strength of the evidence (published trials, systematic reviews, observational studies, expert opinion, etc.) There are two article types within Endgames: Spot Diagnosis articles and Case Review articles (see instructions below). * What is the diagnosis? 21:35. This collection of free-to-read articles … Report of patient involvementAs The BMJ is seeking to advance partnership with patients, we also ask authors to seek their input into articles wherever relevant, and document their involvement as patient contributors or coauthors. For papers that do not report a trial, we do not require that the authors agree to share the data, just that they say whether they will. -- Consider additional table updates to this article. Please do not contact editors about open access fees: neither editors nor reviewers will know whether a fee is payable, and administrative staff will handle payments and all associated correspondence. Be clear and specific, not vague. As co production of research with patients and the public is relatively new we appreciate that not all authors will have involved them in their studies. BMC Medical Education 21:46. Empathy levels decline through medical training. We have produced a checklist to help authors decide whether The BMJ is the right journal for their research. The difficulty of the questions should reflect knowledge needed for postgraduate exams. If the study was registered, please provide the registration details, explaining whether the study was registered before data acquisition or analysis began. 2021 Conflicts of InterestAll authors should read our competing interests policy and include the appropriate declaration in their manuscript. Any discrepancies between the protocol-specified outcomes and those listed in the trial registry or reported in the paper should be explained in the paper. • The person who has most influenced me When submitting your article at, please enter your key messages when prompted to enter the abstract. BMC Medical Education Authors are welcome to suggest names of suitable reviewers, including patient reviewers. 2021 • A memorable patient * What are the implications for people from a range of diverse backgrounds? • Trials; or Please could you include your twitter handle if you have one. BMC Medical Education Reporting guidelines promote clear reporting of methods and results to allow critical appraisal of the manuscript. • How were they involved in the recruitment to and conduct of the study? Article Types. Motor learning (ML) science is foundational for physical therapy. In all instances in which we have determined that elements of the prepublication record should not be made publicly available, we expect that authors will respect these decisions and also will not share this information. RMR articles discuss the nuts and bolts of doing and writing up research and are aimed at doctors who are interested in doing and interpreting clinical research. A completed TIDieR checklist is also helpful as this helps to ensure that trial interventions are fully described in ways that are reproducible, usable by other clinicians, and clear enough for systematic reviewers and guideline writers. BMC Medical Education … 21:52. ", Grant funding for research but no other competing interest: "All authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form at and declare: all authors had financial support from ABC Company for the submitted work; no financial relationships with any organisations that might have an interest in the submitted work in the previous three years; no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work. Add to My … Use language that empowers patients to make the right choices for them in their situation (write that a doctor should/could offer a test, rather than should do a test). Authors: Jieun Kim, Prabin Raj Shakya, Sugy Choi, Joong Shin Park, Suman Raj Tamrakar, Jongho Heo and Woong-Han Kim, Citation: Co-authors and reviewers are strongly encouraged to also connect their ScholarOne accounts to ORCiD. Reviews will have a single digital object identifier (DOI) to keep the information in one place. In this page, please provide for each author his or her name, affiliation (job title) at the time the paper was written, email and, for the corresponding author, the best contact address. We produce the short obituaries in the print issue from these full versions; these usually appear with a time lag of several weeks. Generally speaking, they are unusual presentations of common conditions. 22 Psychometric instruments are ubiquitous in medical education research and can be used to describe a trait within a study population (e.g., rates of depression among medical … Authors: Jesús López-Herce, Angel Carrillo, Javier Urbano, Gema Manrique and y Santiago Mencía, Citation: Authors: Yuko Fukase, Naoto Kamide, Norio Murayama, Akie Kawamura, Kanako Ichikura, Yoshitaka Shiba and Hirokuni Tagaya, Citation: All authors must complete the disclosure form and send it to the corresponding author who will use the information in the forms to craft the COI statement for the paper (examples provided below). we included a box to address this. These deal with topics and conditions that are common or have serious consequences, have international appeal, and may interest doctors from different specialties and backgrounds. In other instances there may be legal or regulatory considerations that make it inadvisable or impermissible to make available certain parts of the prepublication record. Outcomes that were not pre-specified in the registration should be identified as such in the text of the paper and in any tables. BMC Medical Education Comparison of the two most commonly used treatments for pyoderma gangrenosum: results of the STOP GAP randomised controlled trial, Evidence based community mobilization for dengue prevention in Nicaragua and Mexico. Struggling to fit the white coat and the role of contextual factors within a hospital organisation - an ethnographic study on the first months as newly graduated doctors, Student and supervisor perspectives on the effectiveness of community-based placements for occupational therapy students, Evaluation of the pediatric life support instructors courses, Early prediction of the risk of scoring lower than 500 on the COMLEX 1, The micro revolution: effect of Bite-Sized Teaching (BST) on learner engagement and learning in postgraduate medical education, Knowledge, attitudes, and understanding of probiotics among pediatricians in different regions of Saudi Arabia, “Brought to life through imagery” – animated graphic novels to promote empathic, patient-centred care in postgraduate medical learners, An evaluation of cascading mentorship as advocacy training in undergraduate medical education, Evaluating a longitudinal point-of-care-ultrasound (POCUS) curriculum for pediatric residents, Career aspirations among specialty residents in France: a cross-sectional gender-based comparison, Testing a new active learning approach to advance motor learning knowledge and self-efficacy in physical therapy undergraduate education, The impact of writing on academic performance for medical students, Simulation of operating room crisis management - hypotension training for pre‐clinical students, Effect of motor imagery and actual practice on learning professional medical skills, Reflective practice and transcultural psychiatry peer e-learning between Somaliland and the UK: a qualitative evaluation, An evaluation of obstetric ultrasound education program in Nepal using the RE-AIM framework, Medical students’ awareness of health issues, attitudes, and confidence about caring for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender patients: a cross-sectional survey, Response to “How can WhatsApp facilitate the future of medical education and clinical practice?”. Once our editors have made a decision to encourage a pitch, we will provde authors will a full, detailed set of instructions on how best to format your content. For studies of diagnostic accuracy, use the STARD checklist and flowchart. and that must be included with the initial submission. Authors will need to use the toll free link to ensure visitors have free access to the article. Authors: Daniela V. Vaz, Erica M. R. Ferreira, Giulia B. Palma, Osnat Atun-Einy, Michal Kafri and Fabiane R. Ferreira, Citation: At least one other box or table and at least one figure or image that complement the text of the article. Please send any Obituaries queries or submissions as a Word file directly to 2021 We believe that authors have an academic duty to respond to substantive criticism of their work and we expect authors to post their own rapid responses on in reply to any such substantive comments. Please use such wording throughout the article, including the structured abstract and the box stating what the paper adds. * What follow up is required? Please include in the manuscript a statement giving the details of all sources of funding for the study. This is in contrast to trial registries, where date stamps are reliable and can be easily verified by readers.Trial registry entries should be updated if new outcomes are added or existing ones deleted, promoted, or demoted. The peripheral venous catheter is the most frequently used medical device in hospital care to administer intravenous treatment or to take blood samples by introducing a catheter into a vein. 2) The rationale for a living systematic review should be described, e.g. Manuscripts dealing with such topics as educational methods in veterinary education; recruitment, training, and mentoring of students at all levels of education, including undergraduate, graduate, veterinary technology, and continuing education… The content should be evidence based, aimed at non-specialists and have international appeal. Authors: Anna Wilson, Susan Howitt, Adele Holloway, Anne-Marie Williams and Denise Higgins, Citation: If the request is refused we will ask the authors of the paper to explain why. ABSTRACT: The abstract should include: • PPV and NPV (positive and negative predictive values). BMC Medical Education The links to the relevant forms are provided at the end of this section. There are many different types of higher education … If these descriptions are lengthy or complex, consider doing this in a table that can be included in an appendix or supplemental file. These articles provide a basic comprehensive summary of a topic that the reader should already know something about. • How were patients/public involved in the design of this study? In addition to the above, all of our articles have additional requirements which should be fulfilled before submitting. We do not accept obituaries sent by post, and neither do we accept handwritten obituaries. The cover letter should acknowledge the authors’ acceptance of the following special conditions that apply to living reviews: 1) the need to provide current conflict of interest declarations or updates for all authors at each revision; 2) the single DOI for the paper and updates; agreement that open access fees cannot be waived for living reviews and that additional fees apply to cover the extra work of producing and maintaining living reviews. Authors: Jaime L. Pacifico, Walther van Mook, Jeroen Donkers, Johanna C. G. Jacobs, Cees van der Vleuten and Sylvia Heeneman, Citation: 21:69. -- Previous versions of the paper. We also will consider research articles that have been posted on preprint servers, provided this is clearly disclosed on submission of the paper. Surveys are one type of psychometric instrument, but many other types exist, such as evaluations of direct observation, written examinations, or screening tools. • To receive statements of copyright/licence. 2021 The legacy of colonial rule has permeated into all aspects of life and contributed to healthcare inequity. 2021 If the work does not seem to fit in The BMJ, it may be better sent straight to another journal with a more specialist or local readership or a higher acceptance rate. 'Academic heft' means the argument is evidence-based and supported by data. If we like your idea we will contact you to discuss how we would like to proceed. This article provides a comprehensive review and analysis of the MBTI ® assessment across its varied contributions to medical education from a Pub-Med search (1975-2018) producing a final review of 40 articles… Original research studies that can improve decision making in clinical medicine, public health, health care policy, medical education, or biomedical research. Please complete the online competing interests form before submission. BMC Medical Education 2021 What sort of case do I need? Authors: Mohammed Hasosah, Mansour Qurashi, Abdullah Balkhair, Ziyad Alzahrani, Abdullah Alabbasi, Muhanad Alzahrani, Wejdan Alnahdi, Sohaib Shafei, Malak Bafaqih and Muhammad Khan, Citation: Use search on to find the article to which you are responding, and then follow the link at the top of the page, marked "Respond to this article.". • What has The BMJ's Education section covered on this topic in the last five years? • Assurance that any article written by a professional medical writer follows the guidelines by the European Medical Writers' Association on the role of professional medical writers. For articles not published with open access, The BMJ's publication licence allows each author to post their article's URL (provided above) on either their own or their employer's website, thereby giving users free access to the full text of the article on The importance of ageism-related education for students has been emphasized. Authors: Ubirajara José Picanço de Miranda Junior, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi Novaes, Henrique Batista Araújo Santos, João Fellipe Santos Tatsch, Rafael Sanches Ferreira, Wilton Paulo de Freitas Martins Vieira and Luís Velez Lapão, Citation: Authors: Rasha D. Sawaya, Sandra Mrad, Eva Rajha, Rana Saleh and Julie Rice, Citation: 2021 Authors: Mitesh Patel, Devon Aitken, Yunlin Xue, Sanjeev Sockalingam and Alexander Simpson, Citation: Pictures should be sent as high -resolution images electronically or as photographs. Where uncertainty exists, share it. We encourage authors to review the "Statistical Analyses and Methods in the Published Literature or The SAMPL Guidelines" while preparing their manuscript. For example, if the article discusses presentation to the emergency department one author should be an emergency care doctor. All authors should meet authorship criteria. Physicians are in a position of great influence to advocate for health equity. The BMJ will not consider for publication any study that is partly or wholly funded by the tobacco industry, as explained in this editorial. Please include a title page giving all authors' names, addresses, email addresses, phone and fax numbers, as well as statements of competing interests and copyright/licence to publish. In two or three single sentence bullet points, please summarise the state of scientific knowledge on this topicbefore you did your study, and why this study needed to be done. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) patients have an increased incidence of a range of health problems, and face many barriers to accessing healthcare. • Manuscripts containing primary research data (such papers should be submitted as Research) "What you need to know" box. The BMJ is committed to making the editorial process transparent and ethical. Authors: Travis Sutherland, Dorothy Choi and Catherine Yu, Citation: Video and audio files that will add educational value to your article, for example by explaining the intervention in a trial. Please ensure that the discussion section of your article comprises no more than a page and a half and follows this overall structure, although you do not need to signpost these elements with subheadings: • Statement of principal findings