James A. Simondet (U.S. Forest Service, Redwood Sciences Laboratory, 1700 Bayview Drive, Arcata, CA 95521; 707/822-3691). stretch, but on this occasion true) wife, Kathy Crocker. To investigate whether intraspecific interaction was an important factor in regulating the use of pools by young-of-year cutthroat trout, I analyzed data from 239 pools within the 16 streams. Cataloguing of fish habitat improvement projects conducted in British Columbia has only recently occurred despite over two decades of attempts. John Palmisano, John Palmisano Biological Consultants, Beaverton, OR, 1:50 – 2:15 Umpqua sea-run cutthroat trout recovery plan: Management activities within the shadow of obscurity In order to improve the freshwater habitat for juvenile cutthroat trout it is first necessary to identify the specific habitat requirements for these fish during each season of the year. In 1995 a similar study was conducted on Lake Eva on Baranof Island. Recent creel surveys in two other coastal basins, the Alsea and Siuslaw, indicate that a substantial decline in the abundance of anadromous cutthroat has occurred in other areas. to provide a current assessment of the status of sea-run cutthroat stocks coastwide. . The abundance of sea-run cutthroat trout in the lower Columbia River Basin also appears to have significantly declined in recent years. Unfortunately, reliable time series of sea-run cutthroat abundance are not available for rigorous comparisons with environmental factors. Panelists: Jean Shaffer, Fisheries Issues Coordinator, Oregon Sierra Club, Bruce Crawford, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Phil Peterson, Simpson Timber Company, Olympia, WA, Bob Bumstead, McKenzie Fly Fishers, Eugene, OR, Les Johnson, Sporting Industry, Seattle, Session 5: Restoration and Recovery: What Do We Know, What Do We Need to Know, and What Should We Do? Dr. Hall’s memory lapse has proven to be our Chair: Don Campton, University of Florida, 1:15 – 1:40 Evolution, systematics, and structure of O. clarki clarki Biological data on the status of nonanadromous cutthroat trout within the Umpqua River were very sparse. Orlay Johnson (National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Blvd. (ODFW photo), Sea-run cutthroat trout smolt from Tenmile Creek, Oregon coast. After the cutthroat program began, local angling groups successfully convinced the Departments of Fish and Game and State Parks to discontinue stocking, believing that spawning and juvenile rearing in the tributary streams was adequate to provide recruits to the fishery. like getting a welcome letter done before the deadline. Regardless of the source, long-term databases for this species are few, making stock status and trend analyses difficult. Auke Lake and Eva Lake These data indicate a serious decline in that population. Seaward migration of smolts peaks in May. Richard Yanusz (Alaska Department of Fish & Game, Division of Sport Fish, P.O. In 1987 HSU Fisheries staff developed a coastal cutthroat broodstock to convert from steelhead to coastal cutthroat stocking. Even though sea-run cutthroat trout have suffered great losses during the crash of anadromous salmonid populations, the sea-run cutthroat losses have gone virtually unnoticed. Consistent with the intent of the State and treaty Indian tribes’ evolving draft Wild Salmonid Policy, these activities should bolster the foundation upon which improved stock maintenance, management, monitoring, and recovery strategies can be applied. Smolts and kelts usually migrate to the ocean in the spring and return to fresh water during summer/fall after only a few months, rarely overwintering at sea. An understanding of the population structure of the subspecies may provide insight on the possible mechanisms by which they persist. It is with much anticipation that the Lower Umpqua Flycasters and the community of Reedsport welcome you to the southern Oregon coast. to help educate public and private policy makers and the general public about the plight of this often ignored member of the salmonid family and the desperate need for action to support its recovery. Preliminary results indicate that the restored areas are stabilizing, providing a significant increase in rearing habitat for both coho salmon and cutthroat trout. Art Schmidt, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 11:30 – 12:00 General questions and discussion, 12:00 – 1:00 Catered Lunch – High School Cafeteria, Session 3: Case Study of a Stock in Decline – Oregon’s Umpqua River 3.) Cutthroat trout became progressively more abundant within the South Fork reach. Gordon H. Reeves (U.S. Forest Service, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 3200 SW Jefferson Way, Corvallis, Oregon 97331). These include mainstem reaches of some large river systems such as the Fraser and Skeena in British Columbia, as well as many smaller rivers from northern California to Alaska (including their associated tributaries) and even very Mark Powell (Colliding Rivers Research, Inc., P.O. David Schorsh and Joe Jauquet, Sea-run Cutthroat Coalition, Washington, 4:00 – 4:30 General questions and discussion, 4:30 – 5:00 Summary and closing comments Instead, fishery regulations for sea-run cutthroat are intended to protect outmigrating smolts and to ensure that adults are able to spawn at least once. Phil Schneider, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (retired), 11:35 – 12:00 The role of land management: past, present, and future Special thanks goes to Cindy Kenagy for creating her water color Winchester Creek Blueback specifically for the symposium poster. Basic stream characteristics of bank-full width, depth, and discharge were established by surveying a series of reaches in different tributaries in the project stream and similar drainage basins located nearby. Cutthroat trout did not respond to differences in habitat Written by Steve Johnson. Diverse advocates unified their efforts and formed the SRC Coalition in 1984. Recent sampling found few salmonids and angling is poor. Panelists will have 5 minutes each to address the following questions: 1) What is the value (social, economic, other) of sea-run cutthroat to your group? From 1946 to 1956, counts of sea-run cutthroat trout over Winchester Dam averaged about 950 adult fish per year and ranged from 400 to 1,800 fish. Roger Harding, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and Bob Gresswell, Oregon State University, 3:10 – 3:35 The role of federal, state, and private entities in recovery of anadromous salmonids October 12-14, 1995 Pacific Auditorium, Reedsport High School Reedsport, Oregon, Presented by: Lower Umpqua Flycasters in association with: Oregon Council, Federation of Fly Fishers Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Oregon Chapter, American Fisheries Society Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Sea-Run Cutthroat Trout: Biology, Management, and Future Conservation Stock status information was unavailable for 492 of the stocks. Robert Behnke, Colorado State University, 1:40 – 2:05 Sea-run cutthroat trout: Life history profile Populations of sea-run coastal cutthroat trout, Oncorhynchus clarki, occur in streams and lakes along the coastal range in southeast Alaska and northward into Prince William Sound. The results of a two-stage questionnaire completed by fisheries staff were examined for patterns and correlates to success rate. P.O. If you'd like to know more about preserving the native trout of Puget Sound, visit coastalcutthroatcoalition.com. Population structure and differences among On both the Hurdygurdy Creek and the South Fork reaches, “small” cutthroat remained more numerous than “large” cutthroat throughout the study. The result has been the collection of spawning gravel on the upstream edge of riffles and increased areas in pools for rearing. If not for the recent proposal to protect the sea-run cutthroat trout of the Umpqua River under the Endangered Species Act, how much real interest would there be for this fish that has no commercial value and relatively little mass appeal for sports anglers? This approach relies on understanding and quantifying stable high quality habitats. If such a strategy were applied to the Umpqua Basin, what would it look like? E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097; 206/860-3253). These meetings affirmed that cultured fish will continue to be an important management tool. I observed fish over six weeks in summer and winter during day and night. Conservation Director Examples from the literature are examined to describe Bob Hooton, leader of the Oregon Our knowledge of the marine life of anadromous coastal cutthroat trout is limited. Sea-run Cutthroat Trout Life
Populations above and below barriers in Anvil Creek are genetically similar to one another and are differentiated from all other Elk River populations. Umpqua sea-run cutthroat trout: Review of natural and human-caused factors of decline. The last major study on sea-run cutthroat trout, one conducted by Richard Giger of the Oregon State Game Commission, was published in 1972 and the last comprehensive meeting on sea-runs was at the periphery of the conscious memory of most professional fisheries people. We must consider how cutthroat trout interact with other fishes to fully understand their ecology, evolution, and current status. not completely accurate. The most common is the Coastal Cutthroat, which includes both resident and anadromous--or sea-run--strains. The abundance and size of sea-run versus resident cutthroat trout in Lake Eva, southeast Alaska. Gordon H. Reeves (U.S. Forest Service, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 3200 SW Jefferson Way, Corvallis, OR 97331; 503/750-7314). Cummins and Tenmile
For those willing to explore and experiment, Yachats has a fish for every season, including Chinook and coho salmon, winter steelhead, sea-run cutthroat trout, surf perch and rockfish. Major themes of the work of angling groups are wild fish management, close relationships with resource managers, regulatory The review focused on two key questions: Do Umpqua River sea-run cutthroat trout represent a species as defined by the ESA? A historic perspective on sea-run cutthroat trout. To evaluate hybridization between coastal cutthroat and steelhead, a three-phase project was conducted. The … Information was collated from agency data bases as well as file records in local offices. The coastal cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki clarki occurs along the Pacific coast of North America from Humboldt Bay, California to Prince William Sound, Alaska, in a zone that conforms remarkably closely with the Pacific coast rain forest belt. Steven Leider (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Kalama Research Station, 804 Allen Street, Suite 3, Kelso, WA, 98626; 360/577-0197). Kenneth P. Currens (Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission, 6730 Martin Way E., Olympia, Washington 98516-5540) Trout Habitat Requirements. Kitty Griswold (Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 and U.S. Forest Service, PNW Research Lab, 3200 Jefferson Way, Willa Nehlsen, Pacific Rivers Council, 3:00 – 3:20 General questions and discussion, Session 4: Contributed Papers Sea-run cutthroat are residents of coastal rivers and streams, but they spend part of the year in the ocean and saltwater estuaries. With so little information available, how can a freshwater habitat restoration strategy be crafted? Coastal cutthroat trout probably exhibit the broadest and most variable range in migratory behaviour to be found in the salmonid complex, perhaps as a result of the great variety of habitats that they can occupy at least temporarily, if not permanently. Support for this symposium has been provided by the following: The average fork length of all sea-run trout was 303 mm, with weekly average length decreasing steadily from 348 mm to 195 mm as the run progressed. “Bank fishing is a new public use for the Nestucca Bay Refuge and we are pleased to … In terms of their shape, sea-run brown trout are identical to brown trout, but a sea trout … Examples of successful restoration measures and failures are described. Check the regulations for potential spots. This will be followed by discussion with audience participation. Concern has arisen over lethal sampling to collect genetic data via protein electrophoresis from populations at risk. Recognition is due for some individuals who have been extremely important to the organization of the Mark Powell, Colliding Rivers Research, Corvallis, OR, 2:35 – 3:00 Restoration strategies for the Umpqua basin The role of organized angling groups in recovery of cutthroat trout. A comprehensive coastal conservation strategy addressing both public and private lands is imperative for the recovery of Pacific salmon stocks. Jim Lynch, National Marine Fisheries Service, 3:35 – 4:00 The role of organized angling groups in recovery efforts Features: While in the sea, sea-run cutthroat feed on crustaceans and small fish and can grow up to one inch a month. During summer we found the highest numbers of juvenile cutthroat trout in beaver ponds and large dam pools that contained large amounts of woody debris. Thomas H. Williams (Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-3803; 503/737-2478) Status of anadromous cutthroat trout in British Columbia. In this study, I further tested the relationship between cutthroat trout density and habitat complexity with a field experiment using pools as experimental units. The effects of interspecific interactions and hybridization on sea-run cutthroat trout. An exploration into the Biological parameters necessary to implement effective cutthroat trout regulations include 1) size and age at maturity, 2) growth rates, 3) age and length structure, and 4) migratory behavior. We are evaluating our database, using 25 citations to refine key words, abstracts, and citation format. All fish must be caught legally in open waters in Oregon on fly fishing tackle and carefully released. Sea-run cutthroat trout began returning to the system on June 10, and 94% of the 178 fish that returned by July 30 had been previously tagged. It is around 21 miles long. Selected projects are described, including: fin clipping, public testimony, regulations change, public education, population and habitat measurement, non-lethal tissue sampling, angler creel surveys, angler data books, and bibliography construction. Creeks Cutthroat Trout Data Summary. Data resources include trap or rack counts, creel surveys, electroshocking surveys, and standardized hook-and-line sampling. While most of the charter business is located north of … Personal insight suggests that our enhancements have not sufficiently integrated fish ecology, river engineering, riparian and watershed assessment, and fluvial geomorphology. In one case the number of cutthroat migrants was significantly greater in the treatment stream than in a nearby reference stream after the habitat modification was completed. Patrick J. Connolly (Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-3803; 503/737-1950). Sea-run cutthroat trout have complex life histories and require freshwater, estuarine, and marine habitats to complete their life cycles. Comparable declines are not apparent in the resident cutthroat populations in these two basins. Lake Eva near Sitka had an average emigration of 1,337 cutthroat from 1962-1964, while 2,556 cutthroat emigrated in 1995. Absence of information on escapement or total harvest has precluded application of traditional approaches used for salmon and steelhead harvest management. Jack E. Williams (Bureau of Land Management, Intermountain Research Station, 316 E. Myrtle, Boise, Idaho 83702; 208/364-4376). Fishing Yachats and Central Oregon Coast The Yachats area offers a multitude of ocean and freshwater fishing. Jack Williams, Bureau of Land Management, 8:55 -9:20 Status of sea-run cutthroat trout in California Restoration of a channelized salmonid stream, Oullette Creek, BC. 2.) Marine growth rates averaged about 1.0 mm/day. support and suggestions to help the symposium gain credibility. Sea-run cutthroat trout. Thus, hybridization could lead to the further decline of coastal cutthroat populations. Denise Hawkins, University of Washington, 3:25 – 3:50 Why sea-run? And what’s more, she worries enough for the two of us, so I can concentrate on other things . Trout from Vixen Inlet in southeast Alaska and Elk River in southern Oregon were characterized by high levels of genetic variation within populations as measured by heterozygosity (average heterozygosity ranged from 0.039-0.066). This presentation summarizes scientific information gathered by a Biological Review Team (BRT) that conducted a status review of these cutthroat trout for the NMFS. Greg Pitts, President of the Oregon Council of the Federation of Fly Fishers, has been a gracious mentor and member of the planning committee, sharing his hard-earned knowledge of publishing and of meeting organization. We are actively seeking unpublished “gray” literature from biologists and managers of coastal cutthroat research, in-house reports, and meeting presentations. David W. Loomis (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, 4192 North Umpqua Highway, Roseburg, OR 97470; 503/440-3353). In both summer and winter, fish densities rapidly returned to natural densities in both types of pools. Several management strategies have been applied to this population for the past 50 years, and the present “sensitive” status of this population warrants a vigorous recovery plan. Objectives of the ODFW North Umpqua Fish Management Plan (1986) for cutthroat trout are: 1) manage for wild fish only, unless the run cannot sustain itself, 2) determine the cause for the current depressed state of migratory wild cutthroat, and 3) increase the run to more normal levels. 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