The name "Plains Pocket Gopher" is because of their cheek pouches on their cheeks. This gopher has 2 prominent teeth for chewing. About 30 to 50 m (98 to 164 ft) of tunnels were open at any one time. Size 3.  For a fossorial animal with a metabolically expensive lifestyle (360–3400 times as much as terrestrial creatures), planning daily activity around burrow temperature, where lack of air flow and high humidity lead to a decrease in evaporative and convective cooling, is likely to be important. There are several easy ways to tell the two groups apart. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. It lives almost its entire life underground. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Pocket gophers are medium-sized rodents that range in length from 5 to 14 inches. Pocket gophers, commonly referred to as just gophers, are burrowing rodents of the family Geomyidae. Gophers live within loose, social ‘colonies,’ but are primarily solitary with small home ranges. The breeding season varies with latitude, ranging from April to May in Wisconsin to as long as January to September in Texas. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. Plains pocket gophers are found throughout the Great Plains of North America, ranging from southern Manitoba (Canada), and eastern North Dakota south to New Mexico and Texas in the United States, and as far east as the extreme western parts of Indiana. Canines and badgers dig them out of the ground, and if pocket gophers leave their tunnels, owls and hawks are happy to snatch them up. Territorial and aggressive, especially in male-to-male interaction, these rodents appear to use their greatly increased sensitivity to soil vibration to maintain their solitary lifestyle. Gophers are fossorial herbivores that have a dramatic impact on natural and agricultural ecosystems. They can be locally abundant. Western third of the state. There are about 35 species, all endemic to North and Central America. stems) eaten by plains pocket gophers in western Nebraska. Pocket gophers are sometimes confused with their fossorial relatives, moles. Abandoned tunnels provide habitat for a number of other species, and the waste left behind by pocket gophers fertilizes the soil. Pocket gophers are fossorial rodents named for their fur-lined cheek pouches. 113 parts of its range. The Plains Pocket Gopher, Geomys bursarius (Shaw) complex, which consists of … Plains Pocket Gophers have a height of 3.5”-5.1” (9-13 cm), body length between 8.2”-13.8” (21-35 cm), and an overall weight in the range of.26-.44 lb (120-200 g). Densities of northern pocket gophers have been found to range from 2 to 20 gophers per acre, depending on food availability, species, and ages of the gophers. Plenty of vegetation is also favored, as gophers eat plants and use them for structure and protection. A rodent is a small mammal that has gnawing teeth for chewing. , Other adaptations to a fossorial lifestyle include a low resting metabolic rate of 0.946 ml O2/g/h, and high conductance, a tolerance for low oxygen levels and high carbon dioxide levels, and a decreased water intake. Pocket gophers are solitary animals that only come together in the spring and summer to breed. A series of these tunnels made by one gopher may extend several hundred feet and cover an acre of grou… Pocket Gopher damage includes chewing of any underground lines including electric, water and septic piping. The tail length of a Plains Pocket Gopher is 2”-4.7” (5-12 cm). Several other species are found in the West and Southeast. The only pocket gopher species in Wisconsin, the Plains Pocket Gopher is distinctive. They have the largest distribution of any species in the Geomyidae (gopher family). The Southeastern pocket gopher (Geomys pinetis) is a fossorial (burrowing) rodent native to the southeastern United States. Northern Pocket Gophers (Thomomys talpoides) are found in North America from southern British Columbia south through the Sierra Nevada range and east through the plains of Canada, Colorado, eastern Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, and the extreme northwestern corner of Minnesota (Verts and Carraway 1999).  The external cheek pouches, which distinguish this family from other mammals, can be turned inside-out for grooming purposes. Pocket gophers create an extensive system of tunnels marked on the surface by numerous mounds of excavated earth. Plains pocket gophers reduced forage yield on rangeland in western Nebraska by 21 to 49 percent on different range sites, and reduced alfalfa yield in eastern Nebraska by 35 percent. Sand Hills Pocket Gopher has a very small range that is restricted to northern and western Nebraska and small portions of South Dakota, Wyoming and Colorado 2, 3. Pocket gopher, (family Geomyidae), any of 38 species of predominantly North and Central American rodents named for their large, fur-lined cheek pouches. 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